2MixturesMixture- a blend of two or more kinds of matter, each of which retains its own identity and propertiesWe can separate the components of a mixture by using their characteristic properties
3DecantingDecanting means you are pouring off a liquid without disturbing the sediment or other liquid layers.You usually use it to separate solids from liquids, but it can be used to separate two liquids.
4DecantingWhen decanting solids from liquids, pour out the liquid into another beaker.Always use a glass stirring rod or a similar apparatus to (a) help keep the solid from pouring out and (b) to allow the liquid to run down it and keep from splashing
5EvaporationEvaporation can be used to separate a solid from a liquid in a homogeneous solutionThe solution is heated until all of the liquid evaporates and only the solid is left behind
6Magnetic PropertiesTwo substances can be separated by their magnetic properties if one substance is magnetic and the other is notThe magnet will then attract one substance but not the other
7FiltrationA filter is a membrane or layer than allows some substances to pass through while blocking othersYou use to separate insoluble solids from liquidsThe most common type of filtration is gravity filtration
9DistillationDistillation is a technique used to separate two liquids with different boiling pointsWhen the first liquid starts to boil, it evaporates and reaches the condenserWater runs along the outside of the condenser, cooling the vapor allowing it to return to the liquid state and be collected at the other end
10ChromatographyChromatography is used to separate the components of a solution (homogeneous mixture)A sample of the mixture is placed a little past one end of the chromatography surface (often, paper)The end with the sample is placed in another liquid (solvent)The solvent will be absorbed and travel up the chromatography surface bringing the mixture with itDifferent components of the mixture will travel different lengths up the chromatography surface