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1 Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Overview of Oil and Gas Development in Colorado and COGCC Activities Presentation to San Miguel County January.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Overview of Oil and Gas Development in Colorado and COGCC Activities Presentation to San Miguel County January."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission Overview of Oil and Gas Development in Colorado and COGCC Activities Presentation to San Miguel County January 14, 2005 Brian Macke – Director David Dillon – Supervising Engineer

2 2 STATE OF COLORADO

3 3 PROMOTE THE RESPONSIBLE DEVELOPMENT OF COLORADOS OIL AND GAS NATURAL RESOURCES Responsible development results in: The efficient exploration and production of oil and gas resources in a manner consistent with the protection of public health, safety, and welfare The prevention of waste The protection of mineral owners correlative rights, and The avoidance of adverse environmental impacts COLORADO OIL AND GAS CONSERVATION COMMISSION MISSION STATEMENT:

4 Executive Director R. George Director B. Macke Deputy Director vacant COMMISSION Information Manager T. Kerr Fiscal Manager W. Schultz Deputy Director Of Operations M. Bell Hearings Manager T. Beaver Info. Processing Supervisor S. Tansey Network Admin. IT Prof I J. Glossa Permit Supr. Phys Sci Tech III L. Pavelka Engr. Supr. Prof Eng II D. Dillon NW Area Engr. Parachute Prof Eng I J. Adkins North Area Engr. Prof Eng I Denver D. Shelton Envir. Supr. Envir Prot Spec IV D. Baldwin Admin Asst Admin Asst III A. Gipson Prod/Levy Analyst Data Spec I D. Fairlamb Prod/Levy Analyst Data Spec I C. Rensel GIS Administrator Phy Sci Res/ Scientist II J. Milne South Area Engr. Prof Eng I L. Robbins NW Area Insp. Parachute Phys Sci Tech II J. Krabacher Envir. Specialist Envir Prot Spec II L. Avis Engr. Supr. Prof Eng II E. DiMatteo Records Admin. Admin Asst I M. Greenstein Permit/Compl Tech Phys Sci Tech II E. Winick SE Inspector Trinidad Phys Sci Tech II J. Duran S. Wattenberg Weld Co. Insp. Phys Sci Tech II E. Binkley COLORADO OIL & GAS CONSERVATION COMMISSION ORGANIZATION Records Admin. Admin Asst I D. Geimausaddle Permit/Compl Tech Phys Sci Tech II D. Ahlstrand Imaging Sys Admin Admin Asst III M. Ramos Data Entry Operator I L. Sevall SW Inspector Durango Phys Sci Tech II M. Weems NE Inspector Sterling Phys Sci Tech II K. Lively Envir. Specialist Envir Prot Spec II R. Ferguson Envir. Specialist Envir Prot Spec II B. Chesson Version 79 –1/5/2005 Surety Admin. Program Asst II M.Choury Executive Asst. K. Zimmerman

5 5 OIL & GAS WELLS OF COLORADO SOURCE COGCC

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9 9 RECENT COLORADO OIL AND GAS WELL PERMITS 8/11/04 RECENT COLORADO OIL AND GAS WELL PERMITS 01/11/05

10 10 RECENT SOUTHWESTERN COLORADO OIL AND GAS WELL PERMITS

11 11 Colorado Oil and Gas 2004 Drilling Permits by County As Of January 10, 2005 Source: COGCC

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24 24 Commission Make Up Statutory Requirements: Seven members appointed by the Governor, with the consent of the Senate. Two members from west of the continental divide. Other members from areas with a high level of oil and gas development Two members are not employed by the oil and gas industry, and have experience in agriculture, land reclamation, environmental protection, or soil conservation.

25 25 Commission Make Up (Cont.) Statutory Requirements: Five members have substantial experience in the oil and gas industry. Two of the five members with oil and gas experience college degrees in petroleum geology or petroleum engineering. No more than four members shall be from the same political party. Commission members are appointed for four year terms.

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27 27 COGCC Field Inspection Program The COGCC staff includes eight field engineers and inspectors and four environmental protection specialists who perform inspections of many types of oil and gas operations. Six of the field engineers and inspectors staff remote field offices in the outlying areas where they reside. COGCC field offices are located in Grand Junction, Parachute, Durango, Trinidad, Greeley, and Sterling.

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30 30 Legal and Regulatory Issues Colorado oil and gas development often occurs where the mineral estate has been split from the surface estate. Each party (surface and mineral estate) has their own property rights associated with ownership. Surface and mineral interests are created or transferred through private party contracts, including deeds and leases.

31 31 Legal and Regulatory Issues Oil and gas companies who have purchased or leased the mineral rights are entitled to exercise their property rights. Colorado law provides for access to the mineral estate by allowing mineral owners reasonable use of the surface estate.

32 32 Legal and Regulatory Issues The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission: DID NOT create the legal relationships between surface and mineral estates and does not have the authority to alter them. CANNOT interfere with the private party contracts that establish the surface and mineral owners rights.

33 33 Legal and Regulatory Issues The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission: IS a state regulatory agency created by the Legislature to promote oil and gas development while protecting public health, safety, and welfare. IS required by law to make and enforce rules to protect the environment and keep the public safe when drilling and development occurs. IS NOT authorized to protect property values or a preferred quality of life.

34 34 COGCC Regulations Permit Requirements: Oil and Gas Well Construction –Proper Oil and Gas Isolation and Groundwater Protection Oil and Gas Well Location and Spacing Requirements Bonding Requirements Safety Setbacks from Homes, Public Roads, and Utilities

35 35 WELLBORE AQUIFER GAS ZONE WATER WELL WATER LEVEL

36 36 COGCC FINANCIAL ASSURANCE RULES Surface Owner Protection: The law provides for compensation from the surface owner protection bond only if crop losses or land damages are unreasonable based on what is needed to access the mineral estate. To date, no surface owners have claimed compensation under a COGCC surface damage bond for unreasonable crop loss.

37 37 COGCC Environmental Response Fund The COGCC makes efforts to maintain a $1 Million emergency reserve in the Environmental Response Fund (ERF) The ERF may be expended by the Commission to investigate, prevent, monitor, or mitigate conditions that cause, or threaten to cause, a significant adverse environmental impacts on air, water, soil or biological resource.

38 38 COGCC Regulations Drilling Requirements: 30 Day Notice to Surface Owner and Local Governmental Designee Required Good Faith Consultation with Surface Owner and Local Governmental Designee before building location. Well Control Requirements.

39 39 COGCC Regulations Reclamation: Site Preparation Requirements Interim Reclamation Requirements Final Reclamation Requirements Noxious Weed Control

40 40 Example of Wellsite Reclamation on Crop Land

41 41 Example of Wellhead Immediately After Reclamation On Non- Crop Land

42 42 COGCC Regulations Other Rules: Exploration and Production Waste Disposal Well Plugging and Abandonment Rules Noise Abatement Rules Sanitary Facility Requirements Non – Contrasting Painting Requirements Safety Setbacks for Crude Oil Tanks, and Fired Vessels Fire Prevention and Protection

43 43 Hazen and Sawyer 2001 Study of Colorado Oil and Gas Regulations Hazen and Sawyer, an independent environmental engineering consulting firm, was retained by the Colorado Department of Natural Resources to conduct a study designed to: –Investigate the impacts of significant rule changes following the passage of Senate Bill –Compare Colorados Oil and Gas Rules and Regulations with those in Wyoming, New Mexico, and Utah.

44 44 Hazen and Sawyer 2001 Study of Colorado Oil and Gas Regulations Findings Colorado has established rules and regulations regarding many issues that are not addressed… in other states. Examples: –Financial Assurance for Surface Owner Protection –Flowline Regulations –Interim Reclamation –Setback and Other Rules For High Density Areas –Safety Rules

45 45 Hazen and Sawyer 2001 Study of Colorado Oil and Gas Regulations Findings Colorado has established more surface owner rights and public involvement than other states. Examples: –Notice and Consultation –Financial Assurance for Surface Owner Protection –Spill Notification –Public Input Regarding Public Health, Safety, and Welfare Issues Associated With Changes In Well Density

46 46 Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission COGCC Rulemaking Effective June 30, 2004

47 47 COGCC Rulemaking Effective June 30, 2004 Process to Address Complaints Received Prior to Application for Permit to Drill (APD) Approval Rule 303 and 522 – Changes - The Director shall withhold the approval of any Application for Permit to Drill while a surface owner complaint is being investigated. - If a violation is found, enforcement would be pursued. - If no violation is found, COGCC staff would issue a letter to the complainant advising of the result of the investigation and advising that the complainant could work through the local government to request a COGCC hearing on the matter.

48 48 COGCC Rulemaking Suspension of an APD For Incorrect Information Rule 303 – New Language -PRIOR TO THE SPUDDING OF THE WELL, THE DIRECTOR SHALL SUSPEND AN APPROVED PERMIT- TO-DRILL… IF THE DIRECTOR HAS REASONABLE CAUSE TO BELIEVE THAT INFORMATION SUBMITTED ON THE PERMIT-TO-DRILL… WAS MATERIALLY INCORRECT.

49 49 COGCC Rulemaking Release of Financial Assurance Rule 909 – New Language - Financial assurance required by Rule 706. may be held by the Director until the required remediation of SOIL AND/OR ground water impacts is completed in accordance with the approved workplan, or until cleanup goals are met.

50 50 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program The COGCC LGD Program has been in place since rulemaking in The LGD Program rulemaking involved a stakeholder team that included CCI, CML, and the oil and gas industry. The LGD is the local government office that designates itself to receive copies of well applications and other documents, and to participate in several COGCC processes.

51 51 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program Information Available to LGDs Copies of Applications for Permits to Drill at or before the time of filing with the COGCC. Minimum 30 day prior notice of well drilling by operators. Notices of COGCC hearings, including applications to establish spacing and increase well density. Statistical reports as requested.

52 52 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program LGD Participation: Onsite consultation with operators concerning the location of roads, production facilities, and well sites. 10 day comment period to the COGCC on Applications for Permits to Drill prior to approval (can be extended to 30 days) Request to convene Local Public Forums on spacing and increased well density applications. Participate in COGCC hearings and rulemakings as appropriate.

53 53 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program February 2003 COGCC LGD Rulemaking: Consensus rulemaking proposed by the Colorado Oil and Gas Association and Colorado Counties, Inc. (CCI). Changed the comment period for LGDs to provide comments on Applications for Permit to Drill (APD). - Previously 7 days which could be extended upon request to 17 days. - Changed to 10 days which could be extended to upon request to 30 days. - Change allows an LGD additional time to seek input from citizens and provide comments to the COGCC.

54 54 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program February 2003 COGCC LGD Rulemaking: During the 30 day comment period, if a local government is unable to have their concerns resolved through an onsite consultation, the LGD may file an application for a COGCC hearing on the Application for Permit to Drill. The LGD application for a COGCC hearing would allege significant impacts on public health, safety, welfare, and the environment.

55 55 COGCC Local Governmental Designee (LGD) Program February 2003 COGCC LGD Rulemaking: Made it mandatory for the COGCC director to withold the issuance of an Application for Permit to Drill (APD) when requested to do so by a LGD. - Requires that an expedited hearing be held at the next COGCC hearing to determine if an APD can be issued.

56 56 Colorado Oil and Gas Information System (COGIS) Web Site Statewide Colorado oil and gas information Accessible by operators, the public, and local, state, and federal government agencies free of charge via the Internet Can be accessed using commonly available Internet browsers (Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape)

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