Presentation on theme: "1 Asian Regional Workshop on “Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism” 19-21 October 2005 AIT, Bangkok, Thailand Institutional Building:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Asian Regional Workshop on “Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism” 19-21 October 2005 AIT, Bangkok, Thailand Institutional Building: DNA Establishment Presented by Heng Chan Thoeun, Team Leader for Capacity Building, CD4CDM Project-Cambodia
2 Outline of Presentation 1. Status before CD4CDM project and current situation 2. Number of staff and activities 3. Role of CD4CDM project implementation institutions 4. Current and proposed collaboration between DNA and CD4CDM 5. Approach used by CD4CDM 6. Lesson learnt and issues to be addressed 7. Impact of the CD4CDM project on institutional building
3 1. Status before CD4CDM project and current situation (1/3) Before CD4CDM project: - - No Designated National Authority (DNA), and limited knowledge about CDM institutional requirement. - - No idea how to establish DNA. Current situation: - cceded to the Kyoto Protocol on 04 July 2002a Designed National Authority (DNA) - Cambodia acceded to the Kyoto Protocol on 04 July 2002, in the process of establishing a Designed National Authority (DNA) The Ministry of Environment (MoE) was appointed as the Interim Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM by the Prime Minister’s Declaration No 01dated 15 July 2003;
4 1. Status before CD4CDM project and current situation(2/3) CDM4CDM helps develop DNA structure, sustainable development (SD) criteria, assessment process, operational guidelines. Established Cambodian Climate Change Office – good capacity, inter-ministerial members and good relationships with Ministries, stakeholders, private sector. A sub-decree on the establishment of National Climate Change Committee has been drafted and submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval. An inter- ministerial consultation meeting was conducted on 12 Oct-2005.
5 Cambodia's DNA Structure DNA Board DNA Secretariat (Climate Change Office) Technical Inter- Ministerial Working Groups Representatives of MoE, MAFF, MIME, MoP, CDC, MPWT. Energy Technical Working Group Forestry Technical Working Group Other (if necessary) Note: MoE: Ministry of Environment, MAFF: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, MIME: Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy, MoP: Ministry of Planning, CDC: Cambodia Development Council, MPWT: Ministry of Public Works and Transport 1. Status before CD4CDM project and current situation (3/3)
6 2. Number of Staff and Activities (1/2) 1. 1. Number of Staff: 1 National Project Coordinator 3 Advisors 2 National Team Leaders 5 Government counterparts from concerned ministries. 2 working groups.
7 2. Number of Staff and Activities (2/2) 2. Activities carried out: Searched and reviewed available information/option of DNA establishment from other countries that can be used for Cambodia. Established Cambodian DNA with its structure, assessment process, roles of key players, level of decision making authorities. Identified government legislations and policies that can be used for preparing a SD Criteria. Identified Human and Technical Needs of the DNA operation Established working groups with representatives from concerned ministries. The working groups have been trained on how to assess proposed CDM projects using real projects from the UNFCCC website. Prepared "Application Form" for project developer to apply for Letter of Approval or Letter of Non Objection. Several meetings have been orgainzed to discuss the SD criteria, assessment process, DNA structure and its key players. Assisted DNA members in participating in selected CDM regional and local workshops. Organized field trips for DNA members to visit demonstrative research project sites.
8 3. Role of CD4CDM project implementation institutions - - UNEP -Collaborating Center for Energy and Environment (UCCEE) and the Dutch Government help provide funding for the project; - - Asian Institute of Technology (AIT): Technical assistance and advice Provision of guidance materials for CDM; Facilitation of regional collaboration and with UCCEE; Establishment of networking, training, facilitation of access to carbon market; Information dissemination to stakeholders.
9 4. Current and proposed collaboration between DNA and CD4CDM - - CD4CDM is working with DNA working groups from MIME and MAFF to develop and review SD criteria for assessing proposed CDM projects based on existing Cambodian laws, regulations, policies; - - Staff of CD4CDM still remain in the DNA Secretariat; - - Government counterparts of project from concerned ministries such as MoE, MIME, MAFF, MPWT and Academic will be formed as National Technical Committee.
10 5. Approach used by CD4CDM Learning by doing: - -Search available information from other CDM Countries - -Read and reviewed CDM text books, CDM guidelines materials available to support DNA establishment process - -Review existing models for establishing Designated National Authority (DNA) from other countries - -Review sustainable development (SD) criteria and approval process models - -Backstopping support by project advisors. Broad stakeholder consultation; Direct involvement of project staff and government counterparts from concerned ministries in DNA establishment; Short training session (CDM concept and baseline calculation) for project staff, government counterpart and DNA working group; Exchange experience of other countries, through email, regional workshops.
11 Support of government is a key toward successful DNA establishment. Establishment of the working groups is an excellent way to get Inter-Ministerial involvement in DNA establishment. It is also a good way to build capacity of policy makers in other ministries and to improve inter-ministerial relationships, although time consuming. Staff of the Cambodian Climate Change Office (CCCO) have a deeper understanding of DNA requirements, therefore usually led the process. Good co-operation with working groups. Road testing SD criteria using real PDD is crucial to improve the capacity of the DNA working group; Regional exchange of experience and knowledge through Regional workshops provide good opportunity to make contacts and access DNA information. 6. Lesson learnt and issues to be addressed (1/2)
12 Comprehensive review of existing legislation and policies is crucial for developing appropriate SD criteria; Interim DNA establishment is a well-balanced approach. Ministry of Environment works co- operatively with other Ministries to establish an inter-ministerial DNA. Bottom-up approach in establishing DNA is practical and relevant. 6. Lesson learnt and issues to be addressed (2/2)
13 7. Impact of the CD4CDM project on institutional building Generated supports from government CDM procedures are in place Enabling Cambodia to be eligible in participation in CDM Projects. DNA nearly established and functional: Roles and Responsibilities (DNA Board, DNA secretariat, and Technical Working Group), structure, assessment procedure, legal mechanism. Improved inter-agency collaboration (MIME, MAFF, private sector, NGOs) International promotion and networking of Cambodian DNA.
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