Presentation on theme: "How is everything on our planet interconnected?. Layers of Our Planet Geosphere: solid part of earth that consists of soil, rock and sediments. Atmosphere:"— Presentation transcript:
Layers of Our Planet Geosphere: solid part of earth that consists of soil, rock and sediments. Atmosphere: mixture of gases surrounding earth. Hydrosphere: All water found on earth. Biosphere: All areas on the planet that life can exist.
How Does Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem? FOOD CHAIN FOOD WEB ENERGY PYRAMID
Why Does Energy Decrease at Higher Trophic Levels? Some of the energy is used for organisms growth. Lost through heat (entropy) Fecal Waste
What Are Biomes? A large region of the planet characterized by a specific climate and certain types of plants and animal communities. Depends on Temperature & Rainfall (climate)
How do we measure an ecosystems productivity? GPP (Gross Primary Productivity): Rate at which an ecosystems producers convert solar energy into chemical energy as biomass (cells, leaves, roots and stems) NPP (Net Primary Productivity) = GPP – Rate at which producers use chemical energy Most Productive Ecosystems Estuaries Wetlands (swamps and marshes) Rainforest Least Productive Ecosystems Open oceans* Tundra Desert * However the planet has so much open ocean that it produces more of Earths NPP than any other ecosystem!
How Do Ecosystems Change? Ecological Succession: gradual change and replacement of species in a community. Primary Succession: occurs on a surface where no ecosystem existed before. Secondary Succession: occurs where an ecosystem already existed (disrupted by humans, animals, storms)