4 The Italian SonnetMade famous in Italy by a poet named Francesco PetrarchSometimes called a Petrarchan Sonnet after Petrarch.Typically about love, especially an unreachable woman. (Laura)Divided into two partsFirst part: Octave (8 lines)Has an ABBA ABBA rhyme schemeOften presents a problem
5 The Italian(Petrarchan) Sonnet Second part: Sestet (6 lines)Often has an CDE CDE rhyme schemeProvides clarity for the problemHas a split between the two sectionsLine 9 signals a change in tone, mood, or stance of poemThe Italian sonnet was the earliest form of the genre.
7 The English SonnetShakespeare borrowed from the Italian sonnet and created what is now called a Shakespearean sonnet.It is sometimes also called an English Sonnet, after the country in which Shakespeare lived.He wrote 154 of them.The poems form a sequence and are addressed to two different people.Most of the sonnets are addressed to a handsome, talented young man.
8 The English SonnetThose poems urge the man to marry and have children.25 of the sonnets are addressed to a woman dubbed the “dark lady” who seems to be romantically involved with both the speaker and the young man.Those poems focus on the grief she causes the speaker by betraying him.
9 The English SonnetA Shakespearean sonnet follows a very specific form:Has a structure of 3 quatrains (4 lines) and a rhyming couplet (2 lines)Has a rhyme scheme of ABAB CDCD EFEF GGUsually has five iambic feet (unstressed, stressed syllable); this means there are about 10 syllables per line.
10 The English(Shakespearean) Sonnet Shakespeare uses the first 12 lines to present a problem, idea, or situation and resolves or emphasizes it in the final couplet.Themes: time, death, love, friendship, immortality of poetry