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Seafloor Spreading What evidence do scientists have to support the fact that the Earths crust is continuously moving?

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Presentation on theme: "Seafloor Spreading What evidence do scientists have to support the fact that the Earths crust is continuously moving?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Seafloor Spreading What evidence do scientists have to support the fact that the Earths crust is continuously moving?

2 Mapping the Ocean Floor Until the mid-1900s people thought that the ocean floor was flat

3 A device used to map ocean floor Sound waves reflected back from ocean floor Time measured and used to calculate distance to ocean floor SONAR

4 Seafloor Spreading Hypothesis that new ocean crust is formed at mid-ocean ridges and destroyed at deep sea trenches Occurs in a continuous cycle

5 Ocean Ridges –Underwater Mountain Chain –Divergent Plate boundaries Deep Sea Trenches –Narrow Elongated depression in seafloor with very steep sides –Convergent Plate boundaries

6 1.Magma (hotter and less dense) forced up and fills gap in ridge 2.When hardens adds new ocean floor 3.As spreading occurs, more magma is forced upward and the crust moves away from ridge 4.Crust is destroyed by subduction at trenches

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9 Rock Ages Ridges – Younger Trenches – Older Ocean Crust – 180 Million Years Old Continental Crust – 3.8 Billion Years Old

10 Magnetism Paleomagnetism –Study of Earths magnetic field –Basalt is iron rich which produces magnetic readings; acts as a compass Magnetic Reversal

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12 What causes the plates to move??? Convection Currents of magma in the mantle RidgeTrench

13 Wegeners Flaws Seafloor Spreading answers Wegeners Flaws! –Convection Currents explain HOW the continents drifted –Continents not pushed through crust rather they are passengers as ocean crust moves away from ridges


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