13 Urinary/Excretory System EXCRETES WASTES, WATER, AND SALTS
14 Reproductive SystemMale PRODUCES SEX CELLS AND HORMONESFemale
15 What is the term for largest classification of anatomy structures? Gross
16 Gross Anatomy The anatomical position (see right) Directional and regional termsAnteriorPosteriorSuperiorInferiorMedialLateralProximalDistalSuperficialDeepCephalicVertebralThoracicAppendicularBrachialLumbar
17 Anatomical PositionBody erect, feet together, palms facing forward, thumbs away from body.Note: when talking about right/left, you are talking about the patients right or left side, not your own.
18 Divisions of the BodyAxial: head, neck and trunk. Contains dorsal and ventral cavities.Appendicular: upper and lower limbs
19 Relative PositionsDescribes the location of one part of the body in relation to another.
20 Superior: above another part or closer to the head Inferior: below another body part or closer to the feetAnterior (ventral): towards the front of the body (breastbone anterior to spine)Posterior (dorsal): towards the back of the body (spine posterior to the breastbone)Medial: toward the middle of the body
21 Lateral: away from the middle, towards the outer side of the body Proximal: closer to the point of attachment to the trunk (elbow is proximal to the wrist)Distal: farther from the point of attachment to the trunk (knee is distal to the thigh)Superficial: toward or at the body surfaceDeep: away from the body surface, more internal
22 Body planes and sections - cut into sections along a flat surface called a plane(also called coronal)(also called XS – cross section)
23 Body planes Body is 3D Can be split into three planes Sagittal Coronal Transverse
24 Sagittal PlanePlane splitting the body into two parts (left and right)Sagittal section is a cut made longitudinally along the bodyIf it splits into two equal parts = midsagittal
25 Coronal PlanePlane which splits body into anterior and posterior sectionIe. Facelift
26 Transverse Plane Separates body along horizontal plane Also called a cross sectionWill divide an organism into superior and inferior parts