# Amphoteric Solutions A chemical compound able to react with both an acid or a base is amphoteric.    Water is amphoteric. The two acid-base couples of.

## Presentation on theme: "Amphoteric Solutions A chemical compound able to react with both an acid or a base is amphoteric.    Water is amphoteric. The two acid-base couples of."— Presentation transcript:

Amphoteric Solutions A chemical compound able to react with both an acid or a base is amphoteric.    Water is amphoteric. The two acid-base couples of water are H3O+/H2O and H2O/OH- It behaves sometimes like an acid, for example And sometimes like a base : Hydrogen carbonate ion HCO3- is also amphoteric, it belongs to the two acid-base couples H2CO3/HCO3- and HCO3-/CO32-

Neutralization Problems
If an acid and a base combine in a 1 to 1 ratio, then the volume of the acid multiplied by the concentration of the acid is equal to the volume of the base multiplied by the concentration of the base

VaMa = VbMb Vb = volume of the base (in L)
Mb = concentration of the base (in moles/L) VbMb = L x moles/L = moles of base Va = volume of the acid (in L) Ma = concentration of the acid (in moles/L) VaMa = L x moles/L = moles of acid VbMb = VaMa is the same as Moles of base = Moles of acid!

Example: You have 25 mL of HCl, with an unknown concentration. It takes _____ mL of 1.0 M NaOH to titrate (or neutralize) the acid. What is the concentration of the HCl? Tip: figure out what the variables are here (Vb, Mb, Va, and Ma). Figure out what you’re solving for, and then solve!

Answer: You have 25 mL of HCl, with an unknown concentration. It takes _____ mL of 2.0 M NaOH to titrate (or neutralize) the acid. What is the concentration of the HCl?

What is titration? Quantitative method used to find the concentration of a substance.

Finding Unknown Solution
Standard Solution – 0.1M HCl Titrant – unknown concentration NaOH Indicator – Phenolphthalein End point – Where the indicator changes color We are trying to reach the equivalence point Where moles Acid = moles Base In our lab, equivalence point and end point are the same!

What does this mean? If you use 100mL of NaOH that has a concentration of 0.1 moles/L, how many moles of base have you used? 0.100 L x 0.1 moles/L = .01 moles of base So how many moles of acid were in the unknown acid? .01 moles!! Because moles base = moles acid in a titration.

Neutralization Problems
Example 1: Hydrochloric acid reacts with potassium hydroxide according to the following reaction: HCl + KOH  KCl + H2O If mL of M HCl exactly neutralizes mL of KOH solution, what is the concentration of the KOH solution? Solution: Vacid Cacid = Vbase Cbase (15.00 mL )(0.500 M) = (24.00 mL ) Cbase Cbase = (15.00 mL )(0.500 M) (24.00 mL ) Cbase = M

Neutralization Problems
Whenever an acid and a base do not combine in a 1 to 1 ratio, a mole factor must be added to the neutralization equation n Vacid C acid = V base C base The mole factor (n) is the number of times the moles the acid side of the above equation must be multiplied so as to equal the base side. (or vice versa) Example H2SO NaOH  Na2SO H2O The mole factor is 2 and goes on the acid side of the equation. The number of moles of H2SO4 is one half that of NaOH. Therefore the moles of H2SO4 are multiplied by 2 to equal the moles of NaOH.

VaMa = VbMb What the HECK is that?!?!?!?
Titrations VaMa = VbMb What the HECK is that?!?!?!?

Similar presentations