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Western Civilization Greek Mythology A Brief Review.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Civilization Greek Mythology A Brief Review."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Civilization Greek Mythology A Brief Review

2 Greek Mythology Greek myths were stories told orally as lessons in behavior Gods/Goddesses/Mythical Creatures had human traits, i.e. not perfect beings

3 Zeus zRuler of Mt. Olympus zgod of justice and law zMain attributes: thunderbolt & eagle

4 Zeus (images)

5 Hera zQueen of the Olympian deities zgoddess of marriage and birth zAttributes: peacock & crow

6 Hera (images)

7 Poseidon zgod of the ocean zPowers of earthquakes, water, and horses zAttributes: ytrident yrides a shell chariot pulled by horses

8 Poseidon (images)

9 Hades zgod of the dead zRuler of the Nether World zCerebus (three headed dog) guards the entrance

10 Hades (images)

11 Persephone zgoddess of the Underworld zAttributes: pomegranate zhelps mother with the harvest three months of the year

12 Persephone (images)

13 Demeter zgoddess of the harvest & seasons changing

14 Demeter (images)

15 Athena zgoddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice and skill zAttributes: owl, aegis, war helmet zusually is accompanied by Nike (goddess of victory)

16 Athena (images)

17 Apollo zgod of music, prophecy, medicine & disease zsometimes known as the Sun god Attributes: the bow and arrow, on his head a laurel crown. yMost famous attribute is the tripod, the symbol of his prophetic powers

18 Apollo (images)

19 Artemis zgoddess of the wilderness, the hunt and wild animals ztwin of Apollo (sometimes known as the goddess of the moon) zAttributes: bow and arrow & deer

20 Artemis (images)

21 Hermes zMessenger of the gods zAlso known to be the god of shepherds, and traveling zAttributes: winged shoes, sometimes winged hat, heralds staff

22 Hermes (images)

23 Eros zgod of Love zArrows came in two types: ygolden with dove feathers which aroused love, or yleaden arrows which had owl feathers that caused indifference

24 Eros

25 Aphrodite zgoddess of love & beauty Attributes: the dolphin, the dove, the swan, the pomegranate and the lime tree.

26 Aphrodite (images)

27 Hephaestus zgod of fire, yespecially the blacksmith's fire ygod of volcanoes zHephaestus born weak & crippled

28 Hephaestus (images)

29 Dionysus zgod of Wine y also patron god of the Greek stage zcomplete opposite of Athena (passionate, full of emotions & ecstatic)

30 Dionysus (images)

31 Other gods, goddesses, nymphs, heroes etc… zAres: god of War zHercules: Greek Hero z 9 Muses: daughter of Zeus and Memory (nymph) ~ Clio (history) ~ Calliope (literature, art, or science) ~ Euterpe (lyric poetry) ~ Melpomene (tragedy) ~ Terpsichore (choral dance and song) ~ Erato (love of poetry) ~ Polyhymnia (sacred poetry) ~ Urania (astronomy) ~ Thalia (comedy)

32 Other lesser gods, goddesses, nymphs, Heroes etc… Three Graces: represent beauty, charm and joy. The Graces presided over banquets and gatherings primarily to entertain and delight the guests of the Gods. Three Fates: spin the thread of human destiny, cut the thread sending human souls to the underworld Three Furies: punished those who escaped or defied public justice Nemesis: avenging goddess, righteous anger of the gods particularly towards the proud and insolent Pan & the Satyrs: deities of the woods & fields (1/2 man 1/2 goat)

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