3Uses a variety of techniques to change thinking, mood, and behavior. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPYCognitive:Identifies habitual ways in which patients distort information (e.g. automatic thoughts)Teaches patients to identify, evaluate, and respond to their dysfunctional thoughts and beliefsUses a variety of techniques to change thinking, mood, and behavior.Cognitive therapy is a structured, goal oriented, problem focused, and time limited intervention.
4Exposure-based behavioral treatments: TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPYBehavioral:therapy attempts to alter behavior by systematically changing the environment that produces the behavior.Behavioral changes are believed to lead to changes in thoughts and emotions.Exposure-based behavioral treatments:utilize gradual, systematic, repeated exposure to the feared object or situation to allow patients with anxiety disorders to become desensitized to the feared stimulus.
5Cognitive Behavioral (CBT): TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPYCognitive Behavioral (CBT):Combines principles of both behavioral and cognitive therapy, focusing simultaneously on the environment, behavior, and cognition.Cognitive behavioral therapy is also structured, goal directed, problem focused.Patients learn how their thoughts contribute to symptoms of their disorder and how to change these thoughts.Increased cognitive awareness is combined with specific behavioral techniques.
6Used for solving current & future problems. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPYProblem Solving:A short-term, cognitive behavioral intervention, teaches a systematic methodUsed for solving current & future problems.Patients acquire new skills for successfully resolving interpersonal difficulties.Skills include the following sequential steps:1. Problem definition Goal setting Generating, choosing and implementing solutions 4. Evaluating outcomes
7TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY Interpersonal:Addresses issues such as grief, role transitions, interpersonal role disputes and interpersonal deficits as they relate to the patient's current symptoms.Family:Attempts to correct distorted communications and relationships as a means of helping the entire family, including the identified patient.In patients with serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia, family therapy helps family members learn about the disorder, solve problems and cope more constructively with the patient's illness.
8TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY Psychoeducation:Provides patients with information about their diagnosis, its treatment, how to recognize signs of relapse, relapse prevention, and strategies to cope with the reality of prolonged emotional or behavioral difficulties.The goal of psychoeducation is to reduce distress, confusion, and anxiety within the patient and/or the patient's family to facilitate treatment compliance and reduce the risk of relapse.Psychoeducation is often particularly helpful for patients and the families of patients with chronic, severe psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.