Presentation on theme: "Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Sub-Recipient Responsibilities Greg Azure, ODOT Office of Civil Rights, Title VI Program Manager Jerrica Pierson."— Presentation transcript:
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Sub-Recipient Responsibilities Greg Azure, ODOT Office of Civil Rights, Title VI Program Manager Jerrica Pierson Seeger, JP Seeger Consulting March 12, 2010 State of Oregon Regional Transportation System Stakeholders
Training Objectives Provide ODOT Federal-aid sub-recipients with: Guidance on core responsibilities under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and related authorities Clarification of ODOT requirements Collaborate on achieving compliance Look at some tools to get started Answer questions
Presentation Outline 1.Overview of legal and regulatory environment 2.Exercise 3.Developing a compliant program 4.Preview templates 5.Sources for assistance
Part 1 Overview of Legal and Regulatory Environment
What is the Title VI Program? Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was enacted to prevent discrimination in any program or activity that receives federal financial assistance FHWAs and FTAs nondiscrimination program is known as the Title VI Program Program not limited to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (23 CFR 200.5(p))
Related Authorities The 1970 Uniform Relocation and Real Property Acquisition Polices Act (42 U.S.C 4601) – Equity Displaced Persons Federal Highway Act of 1973 (23 U.S.C. 324) - Gender Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C 790) - Disability The 1975 Age Discrimination Act (42 U.S.C 6101) - Age Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Title II (PL ) - Disability Executive Order in Environmental Justice (EJ) – Low Income Executive Order on Limited English Proficiency (LEP) - Language Expanded range and scope of Title VI coverage and applicability:
Implementing Regulations 49 CFR 21 (USDOTs regulation) 23 CFR 200 (FHWAs regulation) ODOTs Title VI Policy ODOTs Title VI Assurances
Title VI – Federal Law Title 42 U.S.C. Section 2000d No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Definitions SUB-RECIPIENT ODOT is a direct recipient of U.S. DOT transportation federal-aid Those entities that receive transportation federal-aid from ODOT are sub-recipients TITLE VI 42 U.S.C. 2000d - One of eleven titles contained in the Civil Rights Act of the 1964
The Civil Rights Act of Titles Title I - Voting Rights Title II - Public Accommodation Title III - Desegregation of Public Facilities Title IV - Desegregation of Public Education Title V - Commission on Civil Rights Title VI - Nondiscrimination in Federally Assisted Programs & Activities Title VII - Equal Employment Opportunity Title VIII - Registration and Voting Statistics Title IX - Intervention & Procedure after Removal in Civil Rights Cases Title X - Establishment of Community Relations Service Title XI - Miscellaneous
Definitions That act (action or inaction), whether intentional or unintentional, through which a person in the United States solely because of their race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, etc, is subjected to disparate/unequal treatment or impact, in any program or activity receiving Federal Financial assistance from FHWA under 23 U.S.C. 23 CFR 200.5(f) Discrimination
Disparate Treatment/Disparate Impact Both are Prohibited under Title VI Disparate treatment; The recipient intentionally discriminates based on protected status Disparate impact; the recipient has a neutral practice or procedure that has a disparate impact on protected groups
Title VI – Who is Responsible? Any government, organization, or university that receive federal dollars are accountable for complying with Title VI requirements. All program operations of a federal-aid sub- recipient are required to be in compliance with Title VI whether they receive federal funding or not. It is the responsibility of each ODOT sub- recipient to also ensure and monitor the Title VI compliance of their sub-recipients.
Title VI Responsibilities DOT Title VI Regulations Recipients may not: Deny any individual a service, financial aid, or benefit, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin Provide any service, financial aid or benefit that is different from that provided to others Restrict an individual in the enjoyment of any advantage or privilege enjoyed by others 49CFR21.5(b)
Title VI Responsibilities DOT Title VI Regulations Recipients may not treat individuals differently in terms of whether they satisfy admission, eligibility or membership Deny an individual the opportunity to participate in the provision of services Deny a person participation as a member of a planning or advisory body 49CFR21.5(b)
Ensure Equitable Program Impacts Access Benefits Participation Treatment Services Contracting Opportunities Allocation of Funds Prioritization of Projects Complaint Investigation
Environmental Justice Each Federal agency must identify and address, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority and low- income populations.
Three Principles: 1.To avoid, minimize, or mitigate disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects, including social and economic effects on minority populations and low-income populations 2.To ensure the full and fair participation by all potentially affected communities in the transportation decision –making process 3.To prevent the denial of, reduction in, or the significant delay in the receipt of benefits by minority and low-income populations
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) TITLE IEmployment TITLE IIPublic Entities TITLE IIIPublic Accommodations Private Entities TITLE IVTelecommunications TITLE V – Miscellaneous
Public Entity Obligations under ADA Title II Must not discriminate against qualified individuals with disabilities Maintain accessible features Provide equal access to programs and services
ADA Prohibited Discrimination Denial of services, benefits or program participation. Providing different, unequal or ineffective benefits or services. Providing inaccessible programs, services and benefits. Discriminate against person/entity associated with individuals with disabilities
Limited English proficiency Executive Order Federal aid recipients and sub recipients must take reasonable steps to ensure that persons of Limited English Proficiency (LEP) have meaningful access to their programs, services and activities. Persons who do not speak English as their primary language and who have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English can be limited English proficient, or LEP.
Limited English proficiency Four Factor Analysis 1.Number or proportion of LEP persons; 2.Frequency of contact with the program or activity; 3.Nature and importance of the program; 4.Resources available.
Part 2 Exercise
HOW TO THINK ABOUT TITLE VI AT EVERY LEVEL OF A PROJECT Project Run-Through
Group Think Break into groups Assign roles for Director Coordinator Planning Project Development (R/W, Design, Enviro) Construction Run through a project stage by stage
At this stage… What kind of information about the community do I need? Who will be benefiting from project? Who will be burdening from project? Who should be involved to have adequate involvement from community? What can I do to get access?
IDEA DEVELOPMENT, PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT The Planning Stage
ENVIRONMENTAL, DESIGN, R/W Project Development Stage
AD, BID, AWARD, CONTRACT LETTING, OVERSIGHT Construction stage
Main Components of Title VI Compliance Review Non-Discrimination Equal treatment, equal access, equal rights, equal opportunities Without regard to: Race, color, national origin, sex, age, status as low-income, or disability Exhibit how this is achieved
As a recipient of federal financial assistance, sub- recipients must implement a system of procedures, actions and sanctions prohibiting discrimination Integrate and embed operational processes that ensure non-discrimination and create accountability for Title VI compliance Document these processes Self-Monitor effectiveness of program
ODOT Title VI Requirements Submit assurances for ODOT approval Standard U.S. DOT Title VI Assurances (DOT ) Non-Discrimination Agreement template
ODOT Title VI Requirements Develop and Post Title VI Policy Statement It is the policy of the _____________ to ensure compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; 49 C.F.R. Part 26; and related statues and regulations to the end that no person shall be excluded from participation in or be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance from the U.S. Department of Transportation on the grounds of race, color, sex or national origin.
ODOT Title VI Requirements Methods of Administration Designate a coordinator Obtain training for coordinator and key staff Disseminate Title VI program information to the public Collect data on race, ethnicity, age, sex, disability, limited English proficiency, and income of population in service area
ODOT Title VI Requirements Methods of Administration Involve the public in the decision-making process Include Title VI Assurances in all contracts Conduct outreach to under-represented groups Analyze the benefits and burdens of activities and projects on Title VI protected classes Respond to needs of LEP populations
ODOT Title VI Requirements Methods of Administration Develop periodic Title VI reports (all MPOs and sub-recipients with populations over 200,000 submit annual reports to ODOT) Respond to periodic Title VI reviews by ODOT Correct deficiencies identified through a review or complaint
ODOT Title VI Requirements Develop a Title VI Plan Under 200,000 population service area – can adopt ODOT Title VI Plan (declaration in writing required) or may use a Non-Discrimination Agreement as an abbreviated plan and submit to ODOT Over 200,000 population service area – must submit and obtain approval of Title VI Plan
ODOT Title VI Requirements Reporting Under 200,000 population service area – required to prepare and maintain on file an annual Title VI accomplishment report Over 200,000 population service area and all MPOs – required to prepare and submit to the ODOT Title VI Program Manager an annual Title VI Accomplishments Report
ODOT Title VI Requirements Reviews Respond to periodic Title VI reviews by ODOT Provide compliance documentation - system of procedures, actions and sanctions prohibiting discrimination Respond to questionnaire Onsite interviews of key staff Correct deficiencies in 60 days
ODOT Title VI Requirements Complaints Establish a complaint process and a complaint form and make available to the public Maintain a complaint log Refer complaint to ODOT when complaint is made against sub-recipient (cannot investigate complaints against your agency/organization) Investigate complaints filed against any second tier sub-recipients and submit findings to ODOT
Title VI Responsibilities When do programs or activities have to be compliant with Title VI? - Now - All Federally funded programs are currently required to be compliant
How To summarize… 1.Ensure that public funds are not spent in a way that encourages, subsidizes or results in discrimination. 2.Be able to document that this is being achieved. Title VI Responsibilities
Part 4 Document Templates & Examples
Title VI Required Documents
ODOT Title VI Assurances Template & Standard DOT Assurance
Title VI Plan Template ODOT website version 1 Policy Statement Legal Authority Delegation Chart Organization Administration Complaints and enforcement Public Participation Limited English Proficiency Environmental Justice Data Collection Procedures ODOT website version 2 Policy Statement, Authorities, and Citations Organization, Staffing and Structure Title Vi Implementation and Program Administration; title VI Coordinators Responsibilities and Program Administration Education and Training Complaint Procedures Sub-Recipient Review Title VI Implementation Activities
Part 5 Sources for Assistance
ODOT Office of Civil Rights Title VI Program Phone:Greg Azure (503) Website: FHWA Office of Civil Rights Federal ADA Website U.S. DOJ Civil Rights Website FHWA Environmental Justice Website FHWA LEP Website
Title VI Plan Examples City of Portland: City of Salem: City of Seattle