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Asymmetric Warfare < Guerrilla/Unconventional Warfare >

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Presentation on theme: "Asymmetric Warfare < Guerrilla/Unconventional Warfare >"— Presentation transcript:

1 Asymmetric Warfare < Guerrilla/Unconventional Warfare >
vs. Conventional Operations & Tactics



4 Asymmetric Warfare < Guerrilla/Unconventional Warfare >
Case Study: North Vietnamese/Viet Minh Strategy & Tactics General Vo Nguyen Giap

5 General Vo Nguyen Giap Chief of the Viet Minh forces fighting French colonial rule and later the Americans – Architect of Vietnamese strategy and tactics

6 Giap’s Three Stages of Struggle
1) Building the Base 2) Guerrilla Warfare 3) Mobile Warfare

7 Stage 1: Building the Base
Situate headquarters in mountainous, difficult terrain for meetings, supplies and refuge Viet Minh win hearts and minds of peasantry Beat/Assassinate landlords/tax collectors Redistribute land holdings Education/literacy campaigns Help with farming Viet Minh gain Taxes Supplies Intelligence Porters

8 Stage 2: Guerrilla Warfare
Pin-prick attacks meant to frustrate the enemy and incite overblown reprisals Guerrilla “Pin-Prick” tactics Sabotage (road cutting, damage to vehicles, poison) Traps (homemade bombs, trip wires, pungi sticks, pit traps) Terrorism (attacks on civilian targets, R&R sites) Camouflage (local vegetation, holes, tunnels) Reprisals confirm VM propaganda and drive civilians to VM for support and guidance, increasing their popularity and strength


10 The biggest tunnel systems were in the Iron Triangle and the Cu Chi District, only 20 miles from Saigon. This map gives an idea of the extent of the tunnel system at Cu Chi--the orange lines represent major tunnels. The base area at Cu Chi was a vast network, with nearly 200 miles of tunnels






16 Note the row of rocks on top of bridge beam at the foot of the bridge…
Note the row of rocks on top of bridge beam at the foot of the bridge….typical of the warning signs used by the VC/NVA to warn of their mining activities.

17 Stage 3: Mobile Warfare By 1949, China is equipping the Viet Minh with automatic weapons, mortars, howitzers, trucks Allows for more conventional, regular forces Guerilla infrastructure allows for Viet Minh to move more quickly and more stealthily to carry out open warfare

18 Stage 3 cont. Mobile Warfare
Ho Chi Minh Trail

19 Conventional Operations & Tactics
Offensive Forms of Maneuver Envelopment Turning Movement Infiltration Penetration Frontal Attack






25 The Operations Process

26 Full Spectrum Operations

27 The Operations Process

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