2 Swiss psychologist Hermann Rorschach *Swiss psychologist Hermann Rorschach *Born 1884 Zurich -- Father painter *Influenced by: Ambiguous designs*Practice in Switzerland and Russia *Married <Olga> Russian physician *Experimented with inkblots in 1911
3 Created the Rorschach inkblot test in 1921 *Created the Rorschach inkblot test in *300 mental patients & 100 control subjects* Psychodiagnostik’ *Variations Alfred Binet *Improvements made later after his death ’22
4 Tester and subject typically sit next to each other at a table Method:Tester and subject typically sit next to each other at a tableTester slightly behind the subjectFive inkblots are black inkTwo are black & red inkThree are multicolored, on a white background
5 Test subject has sees and responds to all of the inkblots (free association phase) Tester then presents them again one at a time in a set sequence for the subject to study: Subject is asked to note where s/he sees what s/he originally saw and what makes it look like that (inquiry phase)Subject usually asked to hold cards & may rotate them.
6 Whether the cards are rotated, & other related factors such as whether permission to rotate them is asked, may expose personality traits and normally contributes to the assessment.As the subject is examining the inkblots, the psychologist writes down everything the subject says or does, no matter how trivial.Analysis of responses is recorded by the test administrator using a tabulation and scoring sheet and, if required, a separate location chart.
7 Goal of the test:provide data about cognition and personality variablessuch as motivations, response tendencies, cognitive operations, affectivity, and personal/interpersonal perceptionsUnderlying assumption:an individual will class external stimuli based on person-specific perceptual sets, and including needs, base motives, conflicts, and that this clustering process is representative of the process used in real-life situations
8 The Rorschach TestInk Blot TestPlease… *Maintain concentration throughout *Do not discuss during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Will Announce completion>There will be Two Individual phases: ) Free Association & 2) Inquiry>ESSAY LAST SLIDE WILL MAKE UP FOR DISCUSSION
9 PHASE 1: Free Association Write the first image that comes to mind The Rorschach TestPHASE 1: Free AssociationPlease…Write the first image that comes to mind*Do not discuss during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Note time elapsed for each oneWRITE LIST IN
20 Now, let’s go back and review each slide. do you have any different and/or additional observations thoughts?If so, what are they?
21 The Rorschach Test Please… PHASE 2: InquiryPlease…A)Note where <on the inkblot> you originally saw your image/objectB)Briefly describe what makes it look like that*Do not discuss with classmates at this point*May ask tester <teacher> questions during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Note time elapsed WRITE LIST IN
32 To protect the integrity of the testing system, we will only view the categorical guidelines and measurement tools.
33 Interpretation not just based on contents i.e. what you see Other variables: response time, comments, requestsContent classified as human, nature, animal or abstractForm, color, movement, shading
34 Mental organizationIllogical, Incongruent, IncoherentCommonality vs. OriginalityMosaicCultural considerationsIt’s a tool used by some.Critics.
35 Forensic psychologists use the Rorschach 36% of the time. Some stats on usage:Survey 2000: 20% of correctional psychologists used the Rorschach while 80% used the MMPI.Forensic psychologists use the Rorschach 36% of the time.Custody cases: 23% of psychologists use Rorschach to examine children.
36 80% of psychology graduate programs teach its use. Some stats on usage:One study: 124 out of 161 (77%) of clinical psychologists engaging in assessment services utilize the Rorschach.Another study: use by clinical psychologists was only 43%, while it was used less than 24% of the time by school psychologists.80% of psychology graduate programs teach its use.
38 Please be specific when referencing slide numbers and images. MAKE-UPWrite a 250+ word reflective analysis of experience, observations, trends,results.Please be specific when referencing slide numbers and images.Send embedded in NLT Friday