Presentation on theme: "The Rorschach Test Ink Blot Test MAKE-UP EDITION."— Presentation transcript:
The Rorschach Test Ink Blot Test MAKE-UP EDITION
Ambiguous designs *Swiss psychologist Hermann Rorschach *Born 1884 Zurich -- Father painter *Influenced by: Ambiguous designs *Practice in Switzerland and Russia *Married Russian physician *Experimented with inkblots in 1911
*Created the Rorschach inkblot test in *300 mental patients & 100 control subjects * Psychodiagnostik *Variations Alfred Binet *Improvements made later after his death 22
Method: Tester and subject typically sit next to each other at a table Tester slightly behind the subject Five inkblots are black ink Two are black & red ink Three are multicolored, on a white background Three are multicolored, on a white background
Test subject has sees and responds to all of the inkblots (free association phase) Tester then presents them again one at a time in a set sequence for the subject to study: Subject is asked to note where s/he sees what s/he originally saw and what makes it look like that (inquiry phase) Subject usually asked to hold cards & may rotate them.
Whether the cards are rotated, & other related factors such as whether permission to rotate them is asked, may expose personality traits and normally contributes to the assessment. As the subject is examining the inkblots, the psychologist writes down everything the subject says or does, no matter how trivial. Analysis of responses is recorded by the test administrator using a tabulation and scoring sheet and, if required, a separate location chart.
Goal of the test: provide data about cognition and personality variables such as motivations, response tendencies, cognitive operations, affectivity, and personal/interpersonal perceptions Underlying assumption: an individual will class external stimuli based on person-specific perceptual sets, and including needs, base motives, conflicts, and that this clustering process is representative of the process used in real-life situations
The Rorschach Test Ink Blot Test Please… *Maintain concentration throughout *Do not discuss during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Will Announce completion >There will be Two Individual phases: 1) Free Association & 2) Inquiry >ESSAY LAST SLIDE WILL MAKE UP FOR DISCUSSION
The Rorschach Test PHASE 1: Free Association Please… Write the first image that comes to mind *Do not discuss during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Note time elapsed for each one WRITE LIST IN
Now, lets go back and review each slide. do you have any different and/or additional observations thoughts? If so, what are they?
The Rorschach Test PHASE 2: Inquiry Please… A)Note where you originally saw your image/object B)Briefly describe what makes it look like that *Do not discuss with classmates at this point *May ask tester questions during activity *Follow Verbal Instructions of Tester *Note time elapsed WRITE LIST IN
To protect the integrity of the testing system, we will only view the categorical guidelines and measurement tools.
Interpretation not just based on contents i.e. what you see Interpretation not just based on contents i.e. what you see Other variables: response time, comments, requests Other variables: response time, comments, requests Content classified as human, nature, animal or abstract Content classified as human, nature, animal or abstract Form, color, movement, shading Form, color, movement, shading
Mental organization Illogical, Incongruent, Incoherent Commonality vs. Originality Mosaic Cultural considerations Its a tool used by some. Critics.
Some stats on usage : Survey 2000: 20% of correctional psychologists used the Rorschach while 80% used the MMPI. Forensic psychologists use the Rorschach 36% of the time. Custody cases: 23% of psychologists use Rorschach to examine children.
Some stats on usage : One study: 124 out of 161 (77%) of clinical psychologists engaging in assessment services utilize the Rorschach. Another study: use by clinical psychologists was only 43%, while it was used less than 24% of the time by school psychologists. 80% of psychology graduate programs teach its use.
MAKE-UP Write a 250+ word reflective analysis of experience, observations, trends,results. Please be specific when referencing slide numbers and images. Send embedded in NLT Friday