Presentation on theme: "Imperialism What, Why and How. Definition of Imperialism A policy in which a nation establishes economic, political and cultural dominance over other."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism What, Why and How
Definition of Imperialism A policy in which a nation establishes economic, political and cultural dominance over other territories
King Leopold II
Motivations to Establish Empire International economic and political competition –Demand for natural resources –Demand for cheap labor –Search for new markets Racism and ethnocentrism
Necessary Conditions for Building Empire Political stability Wealth Technological superiority Large Population Sense of purpose –Patriotism? –Racism? –Religious conversion?
How are mercantilism, the Industrial Revolution and Imperialism connected? Mercantilism Accumulation of National Wealth Industrialization Increased Production Consumer Goods Need More Resources Need New Markets Imperialism
Two Stages of Imperialism First Stage: Conquest –Usually requires military force –Economic and political manipulation Second Stage:Colonialism –Imperial power establishes a government through which it controls the affairs of the nation –Direct Imperial power sends its own officials to rule –Indirect Imperial power rules through existing leaders (natives)
Establishing Colonialism Imperial power –Sets up government and economic systems –Turns native population into laborers Taxation –Requires natives to become consumers Ex: Export wheat, sell cereal –Imposes education and religion on native population
African Proverb Until Lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunter
Hunter or the Lion Modernizing Civilizing Progress Uplift Robbed, cheated Racism Set back Oppression Which story or perspective of imperialism became the dominant one?