2 What is a legacy?Traditions, skills and knowledge of a culture that get passed on to people in the futureWhat willthey writeof your legacy?Something a culture is known forA gift from the past
3 The Legacies of Ancient Greece democracyscientificmethodclassificationepicstrial byjurytheaterHippocraticOatharchitectureOlympicsSocraticMethodmarathonGreekmythologytragedycomedyphilosophy
4 DemocracyA government where the people have the right to make decisions about leaders and lawsGreek word meaning “power of the people”Athens developed the first democracyThe U.S. government is based on Athenian democracy.
5 Democratic RootsAthens had the first democratic constitution (a set of rules for how the government should run)All men over 20 years old could participate in the Assembly (the lawmaking group)Each year 500 names of citizens were drawn to be on the Council of Five Hundred who ran the daily business of Athens
6 Trial By JuryWhen a group of citizens decides if a person is innocent or guilty of a crimeServing on a jury was a citizen’s dutyAbout 500 jurors for a trialJurors were paid for service
7 Epics Long poems written about gods, heroes and history of a culture Homer most famous author of Greek epics.Wrote the Iliad about the Trojan WarThe Odyssey about a Trojan War hero, Odysseus
8 12 Major gods & goddesses of Mt. Olympus Greek MythologyMyths are stories about gods & goddesses that were used to explain events in nature12 Major gods & goddesses of Mt. OlympusZeusPoseidonHadesHermesHeraApolloArtemisHephaestusAthenaDemeterAphroditeAres
9 TheaterGrew out of festivals dedicated to Dionysus and developed into stories that were acted outPlays were performed at festivals and became competitionsOnly male actors but women could watchActors wore masks to show gender, age & moodTheater was carved into a hillside
11 Types of plays first developed by the Greeks Tragedy & ComedyTypes of plays first developed by the GreeksTragedy: plays about sufferingAeschylusComedy: plays with a happy ending that pokes fun at certain types of peopleAristophanes
12 Festival held in Olympia to honor Zeus Olympic GamesFestival held in Olympia to honor ZeusEvery four years-began 776B.C.Only men: women couldn’t watchOlympians swore not to cheatCalled a truce from warWon an olive wreathWinners were heroes
14 Footrace that is 26 miles, 385 yards long MarathonFootrace that is 26 miles, 385 yards longGreeks defeated the Persians at MarathonPheidippides ran to Athens (about 26 miles) to announce the victoryHe reached Athens, cried out Nike! (goddess of victory), and fell over dead.
15 The art and science of building ArchitectureThe art and science of buildingCorinthianDoricIonicGreeks well known for using three styles of columns in their buildings
16 ArchitectureThe Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens was built in the Doric style.The Temple of Athena Nike located very close to the Parthenon was built in the Ionic style.
17 Supreme Court Building in Wash. D.C. ArchitectureThe design of many buildings today influenced by the classical style of the Greeks.Why would many U.S. government buildings have been built using Greek architecture?Supreme Court Building in Wash. D.C.
18 PhilosophyLove of wisdom; trying to figure things out through learning and reasoningSocratesSocratic MethodPlatoPolitical ScienceAristotleScience & Logic
19 Socratic MethodTeaching through step-by-step questions that are designed to lead the student to the truthSocrates was a Greek philosopher who wanted people to question and think for themselvesAthenians were afraid and threatened by his ideas, so he was tried and put to death.
20 Classification of Living Things A system of grouping plants and animals that have similar characteristicsDeveloped by AristotleHelps scientists to handle a lot of info.Still used today
21 Process used by scientists to study something Scientific MethodProcess used by scientists to study something1CollectInfo2FormHypothesis3TestHypothesis
22 Hippocratic OathA list of rules about practicing medicine that doctors today still promise to followHonor your teachersHippocrates was the “Father of Scientific Medicine”BCEBelieved that disease came from natural causes not evil spiritsDo your best for the sickNever give poisonsKeep the secrets of patients
23 Legacies of Ancient Greece What will our legacies be?