Presentation on theme: "PLAYGROUND SAFETY 1. 2 Why is playground safety so important? 76% of injuries to children occur on public playgrounds 44% of all injuries are caused by."— Presentation transcript:
PLAYGROUND SAFETY 1
2 Why is playground safety so important? 76% of injuries to children occur on public playgrounds 44% of all injuries are caused by falls Estimated 200,000 emergency room treated injuries Climbers are involved in more than 50% of these injuries Children between 2-9 account for 83% of injuries Some deaths caused by falls to hard surfaces, head entrapments, entanglements, and impact injuries.
Whats happened in the world of playground safety? Changes to CPSCs Public Playground Safety Handbook that was updated November 2010 EEC regulations effective January 2010 include a focus on hazards that may lead to injuries such as head entrapments QRIS includes outdoor environments and the use of the Environmental Rating Scales 3
Playground Safety is addressed in QRIS and ERS Category 2 of QRIS includes demonstrates healthy, safe and clean indoor and outdoor environments. The Environmental Rating Scale is the tool used for self assessment and assessment by a reliable rater of the indoor and outdoor environment.
Experience tells us that: Children are being injured while using outdoor play equipment Some of the injuries may have been prevented with changes to the outdoor environment and with adequate supervision EEC staff continue to build on their knowledge of playground safety and assessment The provider community must be included in the plan for improving playground safety
6 Consumer Product Safety Commissions Public Playground Safety Handbook *Federal agency charged with protecting public from products that may cause injury or death * CPSCs Public Playground Safety Handbook used by many states to develop regulations and policy *The Environmental Rating Scales that are imbedded in QRIS use CPSCs Handbook as a guide for the assessments related to outdoor space and equipment.
Regulations related to Playground Safety 7.07 (7) Outdoor Space 7.07 (16)(e) Playground Safety 7.07 (13) Safety Requirements for Equipment, Materials and Furnishings 7.10 (5) Supervision 7
What does this mean for all of us? The goal is threefold: To provide ongoing training to ensure that all licensing staff have a solid knowledge base so that clear, consistent information can be provided to programs To provide training and information for programs so that they have the tools and the knowledge to be able to assess and provide safe indoor and outdoor spaces for children in their care. To conduct enhanced playground inspections that will focus on surfacing, fall zones and entrapments
An enhanced inspection takes a closer look!
Revised EEC Policy Playground safety inspection will include using the 2011 EEC Playground Safety Policy that was built on the foundation of the 1997 Playground Safety Policy
Playground Safety Policy Focuses on 5 areas of concern: - Equipment - Surfacing - Fall zones - Hazards including entrapments - Supervision * Refer to Playground Safety Policy
Equipment Must be developmentally appropriate for the ages of the children using it. Must be free of hazards Must not be identified by CPSC as being unsafe for any age grou p
13 Surfacing Falls from equipment is the #1 cause of injury to children. The function of surfacing is to reduce the severity of injuries due to falls. The fall height of equipment will determine the amount of surfacing needed.
Determining Fall Height 14
15 Inches of Loose-fill material Protects to fall height 6Shredded/ recycled rubber 10 feet 9Sand 4 feet 9Pea gravel 5 feet 9Wood mulch (non CCA) 7 feet 9Wood chips 10 feet Minimum Compressed loose fill surfacing depths
16 Appropriate Surfacing Unitary Materials Rubber mats Tiles Poured surfaces All manufactured surfacing materials must meet ASTM standards. Loose Fill Pea gravel (not for infants/toddlers) Sand Shredded/recycled rubber mulch Wood mulch including engineered wood fiber Wood chips
17 Loose fill surfacing materials Compresses at least 25% over time Requires frequent maintenance May need a method of containment May be affected by the drainage and resulting standing water Loose fill material can not be used as the only protective surfacing over hard areas such as asphalt or concrete Surfacing installed over a hard area must be installed professionally according to CPSC guidelines
18 Hazards related to maintenance of surfacing
Fall zones The fall zone is the distance around each piece of equipment that will need surfacing In general fall zones must extend 6 feet around from the perimeter of any piece of equipment
20 Determining fall zones General requirements: -For composite structures, the fall zone must be 6 feet from the perimeter -Two pieces of equipment that are not more than 30 high can share a use zone as long they are at least 6 feet apart. -Two pieces of equipment that are over 30 high can share a use zone if they are at least 9 feet apart.
21 Determining fall zones for swings To and fro swings- The use zone is 2 x the distance from the pivot point to the surfacing and 6 out from the side poles
Fall zones for tire swings Tire swings- The use zone must be the distance from the pivot point to the tire plus 6 and 6 out from the side of the poles. 23
24 Fall zones for bucket swings Bucket swings- The use zone must be 2 x the distance from the pivot point to the sitting surface and 6 out from the side poles
25 Surfacing and fall zone issues Lack of a fall zone with appropriate amount of surfacing material Exposed cement can be a tripping hazard and can cause head injuries
Entrapment Hazards Head entrapment areas are between 3.5 and 9 The childs body can fit through a space that does not allow the head to pass through Applies to indoor as well as outdoor environments Even if the childs feet are on the ground, the child is in danger of strangulation 26
27 Another head entrapment hazard
28 Another entrapment hazard
Checking a partially bound opening
Hazards Routine inspection and ongoing maintenance is important Hazards might include: -broken equipment -lack of surfacing -entanglements -head entrapments - weather related hazards such as frozen ground -metal equipment in direct sun light - inadequate shade
Supervision Supervision plays an important role in keeping children safe while on the playground. Programs should be encouraged to develop playground supervision and monitoring plan so that staff know and understand their responsibilities. Programs should train staff on how to effectively supervise the playground as well as how to monitor the playground environment.