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Criminal Profiling. Aims of Profiling 1. Social and psychological assessments of offenders demographic profile, age, race, employment & marital status.

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Presentation on theme: "Criminal Profiling. Aims of Profiling 1. Social and psychological assessments of offenders demographic profile, age, race, employment & marital status."— Presentation transcript:

1 Criminal Profiling

2 Aims of Profiling 1. Social and psychological assessments of offenders demographic profile, age, race, employment & marital status narrowing the field of suspects, including likely geo-field & repetition cycle. 2. Psychological evaluations of belongings found on suspects - examples: trophies & souvenirs 3. Suggestions & strategies for interviewing suspects

3 Assumptions of Profiling The uniqueness of experience & different personality types will be reflected in lifestyles & behavior. This leads to assumptions about profiling: –The crime scene reflects the personality –The methods remain similar –The signature remains the same –The personality will not change

4 Investigative Role of Profiling: Investigative Phase Reduces the pool of suspects Links similar crimes through unique indicators & behavior patterns Assess potential for escalation in crime seriousness & frequency Provides investigators with potential leads and approaches

5 Trial Role of Profiling: Trial Phase Assists in evaluation of evidence Assists in developing interview strategies Helps gain insight on offender motivation Helps suggest a crime scene linkage by modus operandi and signature behavior

6 Psychopathy Vs Reactive Offender PSYCHOPATH Self-concept: Invulnerable Superior Pre-emptive rights Sees Others:Stupid Inferior Weak Strategies:Manipulative Violence REACTIVE Vulnerable Fluctuates/unstable Fragile rights Hostile Oppositional The enemy Inadequate problem solving Defensive violence

7 Serial Killers- Typologies The Stable Killer The Transient Killer The Organized Killer The Disorganized Killer

8 Typology of Serial Killers Visionary - kill because of visions - generally psychotic Mission orientated - rid society of certain types of people e.g. prostitutes, runaway kids, racial group etc Hedonistic - "thrill seekers" & lust killers Power/Control orientated - pleasure is not sexual but power - often killing when the victim abandons hope of survival and acquiesces

9 FBI Psychological Profile of Lust Killers Organized Killer intelligent masculine image charismatic socially capable sexually capable occupationally mobile lives with partner geographically mobile harsh childhood discipline controlled emotions interested in media model inmate Disorganized Killer below average IQ socially immature seldom dates high school failure unemployed father lives alone has secret hiding places nocturnal lives/works near crime unskilled worker behavior change low interest in media high anxiety during crime

10 FBI Profile: Organized Show signs of planning and evidence of control at the crime sceneShow signs of planning and evidence of control at the crime scene Offenders are -Offenders are - IntelligentIntelligent Socially skilledSocially skilled Sexually competentSexually competent Live with a partnerLive with a partner Usually target strangersUsually target strangers Antisocial & psychopathic personalityAntisocial & psychopathic personality

11 FBIs Approach to Offender Profiling: FBIs Approach to Offender Profiling: Disorganized Unplanned and disorganized behavior & lack of control at the crime sceneUnplanned and disorganized behavior & lack of control at the crime scene Offenders are -Offenders are - –Low intelligence –Socially and sexually inept –Live alone –Severe mental illness –Likely have been suffered from physical or sexual abuse as a child –Frightened or confused state of mind

12 Four Stages of Crime: Serial Killers 1.Pre-crime Stage 2.Actual commission of crime 3.Disposal of body 4.Post-crime behavior

13 Investigation & Forensic Techniques Solvability of serial killer crime depends on: 1. Quality of police interviews with witnesses 2. Circumstances that lead to the initial contact with the murderer 3. Circumstances that established probable cause to search & seize physical evidence 4. Quality of scene crime investigation 5. Quality of scientific analysis of physical evidence

14 Profile of Fire-setters Learning problems Poor school behavior Absent parents Lying Fights with siblings Disobedient Pre-occupied & fascinated by fire Impulsive Unhappy dysfunctional family Needs security & affection Impatient Poor concentration Attention seeking Peer influence


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