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The President. Founders Intentions The president would speak for the nation in terms of foreign affairs Be a more constant presence than the Congress.

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Presentation on theme: "The President. Founders Intentions The president would speak for the nation in terms of foreign affairs Be a more constant presence than the Congress."— Presentation transcript:

1 The President

2 Founders Intentions The president would speak for the nation in terms of foreign affairs Be a more constant presence than the Congress that was often out of session Represent the nation as a whole

3 In order to be president … (qualifications) The president must be at least 35 years old a natural-born citizen have lived in the United States at least 14 years.

4 How he or she gets elected … Americans vote for president every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. That popular vote chooses delegates to the Electoral College, which actually elects the president in December. (more on this later)

5 Time, Wage and Benefits Four years. The president cannot serve more than two terms. Yearly salary: $400,000. Includes a $50,000 expense allowance $190,000 lifetime pension Lifetime secret service Lifetime health care plan

6 Succession Line of succession… Vice Pres. (Joe Biden) Speaker of House (Nancy Pelosi) Pres. Pro Tempore of the Senate (Robert Byrd) Sec. Of State (Hillary Clinton) Sec. Of Treasury (Tim Geithner) Sec. Of Defense (Robert Gates) If a president dies, resigns, is disabled, or is removed from office, the Vice president assumes the office. This has occurred nine times Backup qbs- 1.Tyler replaced Harrison (1841, death ) 2. Fillmore replaced Taylor. 3. Johnson replaced Lincoln. 4. Arthur replaced Garfield. 5. T. Roosevelt replaced McKinley. 6. Coolidge replaced Harding. 7. Truman replaced FDR. 8. LBJ replaced JFK. 9. Ford replaced Nixon

7 Organization of the Constitution

8 Job description The Constitution assigns the president two roles: chief executive of the federal government and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. 1. As Commander in Chief, the president has the authority to send troops into combat, and is the only one who can decide whether to use nuclear weapons. 2. As chief executive, he enforces laws, treaties, and court rulings ; develops federal policies ; prepares the national budget ; and nominates federal officials. He also approves or vetoes acts of Congress and grants pardons.

9 Constitutional Powers The presidents responsibilities and powers are defined in Article II of the Constitution. Art. II, sec. I The executive power shall be invested in a President of the United States of America. The Commander in Chief Art. II, sec. II, subsec. I The President has be the Commander in Chief of the army, navy of the United States and the militia of the several states. Make treaties Art. II, sec. II, subsec. II …With the advice and consent of the senate make treaties.

10 Constitutional Powers cont. Make appointments Art. II, sec. II, subsec II … Shall nominate with consent of the senate, ambassadors, judges, etc. Recess appointments Art II, sec II, subsec III Fill vacancies of judges and other posts on a temp. basis. State of the Union Art II, sec III Time to time give congress information of the state of the union and recommendations.

11 Presidents Job Description Besides being the Commander in Chief, the president is also the chief executive. This is a rather vague term and rightly so. As mentioned earlier as Chief executive he/she enforces laws, treaties, and court rulings ; develops federal policies ; proposes the national budget ; and appoints federal officials. In order to do all of these jobs the executive branch and the legislative branch have developed a rather large group of agencies to help him or her carry out their duties. This group is known as a bureaucracy. Next is a list of the executive offices….

12 As Chief executive… The president has a lot of duties and needs a lot of help. Over the years the president has developed a laaaaarge beucracy. The Department of Agriculture The Department of Agriculture, The Department of Commerce The Department of Commerce The Department of Defense The Department of Defense,. The Department of Education The Department of Energy Health and Human Services Veterans Affairs State The Department of Homeland Security Housing and Urban Development Interior Interior. Justice Justice, The Department of Labor The Department of Transportation The Department of Transportation. Treasury Treasury.

13 Bureaucracy When congress passes a laws they need a mechanism of enforcement This usually falls to the president. Congress often creates enabling legislation in which the bureaucracy fills in the blanks of vague legislation – usually because Congress lacks the expertise or the interest in determining every little detail – Congress may also want the government to be able to respond quickly to changing circumstances (egs trade deals)– this leaves the President- controlled bureaucracy with a lot of power

14 Presidential authority expanded As his bureaucracy as increased so has the influence on political decisions and ability to shape public policy EPA given power to monitor conditions of the environment, established quantitative base lines for pollution levels, and set and enforce standards of air and water quality.

15 President and the budget The President starts the budget process when his bureaucracy (The Office of Management and Budget) prepares a proposed budget Congress then revises (sometimes heavily) the budget It then goes to the President to be signed

16 What does the government spend money on The government collected $2,5 trillion and spent 2.9 trillion – contributing to the $11 trillion national debt More than half the federal budget goes to payments on the nation debt (about 8%) and entitlements (about 53%) The rest is discretionary spending

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18 Budget cont. In Oct. and Nov. of 09 Congress debated the presidential budget and passed a budget of 1.21 trillion dollars (Not including the stimulus package or TARP). 901 billion dollars of President Obamas discretionary budget went to military spending (63%) and 520 billion went to non defense (37%) For more information about the federal budget visit

19 Presidents budget The Department of Agriculture The Department of Agriculture – 25 billion The Department of Commerce – 14 billion The Department of Commerce The Department of Defense The Department of Defense – 664 billion The Department of Education The Department of Education – 46 billion The Department of Energy The Department of Energy –26 billion Health and Human ServicesHealth and Human Services – 80 billion Veterans AffairsVeterans Affairs – 53 billion StateState – 27.5 billion

20 Presidents budget cont. The Department of Homeland SecurityThe Department of Homeland Security – 41 billion Housing and Urban Development Housing and Urban Development – 42 billion Interior Interior – 12 billion Justice Justice – 24 billion The Department of LaborThe Department of Labor – 13 billion The Department of Transportation The Department of Transportation – 51 billion Treasury Treasury – 13 billion

21 Although the president has all of this enormous bureaucracy, agencies and staff at his command they must still work in a government filled with checks and balances. Use your textbook to answer the following perfect president handout to determine what actions fall under the presidents jurisdiction, and which are outside of normal presidential duties.


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