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Plymouth 1620 Pilgrims and Puritans What are we learning today? Today, we are learning about another group that came to the New World from England in.

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Presentation on theme: "Plymouth 1620 Pilgrims and Puritans What are we learning today? Today, we are learning about another group that came to the New World from England in."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Plymouth 1620 Pilgrims and Puritans

3 What are we learning today? Today, we are learning about another group that came to the New World from England in 1620. This group that we will learn about today is the Pilgrims.

4 Pilgrims Come to America In the mid 1600s, a religious group called the Separatists tried to separate from the church of England. They wanted religious freedom.

5 You are forbidden to worship anything other than the what the church of England says you can

6 I want to worship as I please

7 Pilgrims Upset With The King Religion was a big deal in England and the King of England punished people who did not follow the official church. The separatists who wanted to separate from the church of England were forbidden to worship in public. If they did they could be arrested, beaten or even sentenced to death.

8 Pilgrims Try to Escape England The Pilgrims were a part of the Separatists. They were tired of the harsh treatment and wanted to escape England. They wanted to be able to practice their religion freely.

9 Pilgrims ask to go to Virginia Eventually the Pilgrims went to the Virginia Company and asked if they could settle in America and start their own colony under the protection of the Virginia Company. Can we come to America to practice our religion?

10 The Virginia Company says Ok In 1618, the Virginia Company agreed to help the Pilgrims get to America and settle in on the company’s land. I don’t care if the pilgrims come to America

11 The Mayflower After two years and several setbacks, the Pilgrims finally boarded a ship called the Mayflower that was to take them across the Atlantic Ocean to America.

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14 The Mayflower Deconstructed Watch this video to get the answers for #11

15 The Mayflower Originally there were two ships the Mayflower and the smaller Speedwell. However, after a few miles out they had to turn back because something was wrong with the Speedwell. Everyone decided to get on the Mayflower making it crowded, dark and cramped.

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17 What Did the Pilgrims Eat? During the Mayflower's voyage, the Pilgrims main diet would have consisted primarily (mostly) of hard biscuits, salt pork, dried meats including cow tongue, various pickled foods, oatmeal and other cereal grains, and fish. The primary beverage for everyone, including children, was beer.

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19 Aboard the Ship Not only was the ship dark, wet and cramped. The ceiling of the ship was only about 5 feet tall so everyone had to hunch over. People went to the bathroom in buckets and often got sea sick. For two months, the Pilgrims lived like this aboard the Mayflower.

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22 Atlantic Storms Hit The first month across the Atlantic went fairly smoothly. However, during late November several Atlantic storms began to hit the Mayflower. The strong winds tore through the sails and pushed the Mayflower far north of its intended location.

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26 Off Course On the early morning of November 9, 1620, the Mayflower's crew spotted land. It was the first land they had seen in more than two months. However, the Pilgrims aboard the ship knew that they had landed outside the limits of the Virginia Company’s charter. Oh no…this isn’t where we wanted to land

27 The Mayflower Compact Since the Pilgrims knew they needed a way to keep order and create laws the men aboard the ship developed what has become known as the Mayflower Compact. We need to agree on rules

28 The Mayflower Compact The men created the compact (contract) by writing down on a large sheet of paper simple rules/laws that they all could all agree upon. They all agreed that these laws were for the good of the colony and must be obeyed. All 41 men signed the Mayflower compact.

29 By signing your name you are agreeing to obey these rules and do whatever is best for the Plymouth colony

30 The Mayflower Compact The mayflower compact is important because it established the idea of self government and majority rule. Self government is where people create laws for themselves and majority rule is the idea that whatever the most people want is what will happen. But I don’t want to… Too bad… We are the majority

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34 The Pilgrims Land The Pilgrims had landed in Cape Cod Massachusetts, an area that John Smith had mapped and named New England. The Pilgrims named their new colony (town) Plymouth after the town they left in England.

35 We will call this Plymouth Thank God we can have religious freedom

36 Building Plymouth 1620 Right away the Pilgrims went to work building their colony in Massachusetts. However the soil was poor and rocky and little grew there. Furthermore, the harsh New England winter came quickly. The Pilgrims were not ready.

37 Plymouth, Massachusetts 1620

38 Starving Time in Plymouth Like the early settlers in Jamestown, the Pilgrims at Plymouth also went through a starving time. Everyone was sick, weak, cold and hungry. Half of the group had died by spring.

39 Samoset However, in the Spring the Pilgrims were approached by an English speaking Native American named Samoset. Samoset introduced the Pilgrims to Squanto, who also spoke English.

40 I speak English and we can help you

41 Squanto Squanto acted as an interpreter between the Pilgrims and his tribe the Massasiot. The Native Americans began sharing their agricultural (farming) practices. In exchange for teaching the Pilgrims how to plant crops, hunt and fish, the Pilgrims traded what little they had.

42 We have to teach these pilgrims our agricultural (farming) practices

43 Thank you for showing us what to do

44 The Pilgrims Celebrate Sometime in the fall, the Pilgrims held a celebration for the blessings of a good harvest. Thanks to Squanto, the Pilgrims were surviving in their new environment. This celebration would become known as Thanksgiving.

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48 Path Across the Atlantic http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_than ksgiving/voyage/journey.htmhttp://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_than ksgiving/voyage/journey.htm


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