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1 Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem Food Chains, Food Webs, Energy Pyramids.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem Food Chains, Food Webs, Energy Pyramids."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem Food Chains, Food Webs, Energy Pyramids

2 2 Begins with the SUNBegins with the SUN PhotosynthesisPhotosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + sunlight & chlorophyll C6H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

3 3Photosynthesis Chemical reaction where green plants use water & carbon dioxide to store the suns energy in glucose Chemical reaction where green plants use water & carbon dioxide to store the suns energy in glucose ENERGY is stored in glucose ENERGY is stored in glucose Glucose is stored as starch in plants Glucose is stored as starch in plants

4 4 Organisms that can make glucose during photosynthesis are called Organisms that can make glucose during photosynthesis are called PRODUCERS.

5 5 Producers use most of the energy they make for themselves.

6 6 Producers use cellular respiration to supply the energy they need to live.

7 7 CELLULAR RESPIRATION is the chemical reaction that releases the energy in glucose. 6O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6 --> 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 + energy

8 8 The energy that is not used by producers can be passed on to organisms that cannot make their own energy.

9 9 Organisms that cannot make their own energy are called CONSUMERS.

10 10 Consumers that eat producers to get energy: Are first order (1 st ) or primary consumers Are herbivores (plant- eaters)

11 11 Most of the energy the primary consumer gets from the producer is used by the consumer.

12 12 Some of the energy moves into the atmosphere as heat.

13 13 Some energy in the primary consumer is STORED & not lost to the atmosphere or used by the consumer itself. This energy is available for another consumer (predator).

14 14 A Consumer that Eats Another Consumer for Energy: Is called a secondary or 2nd order consumer Is called a secondary or 2nd order consumer May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a predator May be a predator May be a scavenger May be a scavenger

15 15 Most of the energy the secondary consumer gets from the primary consumer is used by the secondary consumer.

16 16 Some of the energy is lost as heat, but some energy is stored and can passed on to another consumer.

17 17 A consumer that eats a consumer that already ate a consumer: Is called a 3rd order or tertiary consumer Is called a 3rd order or tertiary consumer May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a carnivore or a omnivore May be a predator May be a predator May be a scavenger May be a scavenger

18 18 Consumers that eat producers & other consumers Are called omnivores Omnivores eat plants and animals

19 19 Consumers that hunt & kill other consumers are called predators. The animals that are hunted & killed are called prey.

20 20 Consumers that eat other dead consumers are called scavengers

21 21 The transfer of energy from the sun to producer to primary consumer then to higher order consumers can be shown in a FOOD CHAIN.

22 22 Food Chains Show Available Energy

23 23 More Food Chains

24 24 Another way of showing the transfer of energy in an ecosystem is the ENERGY PYRAMID

25 25 Energy Pyramids Show Amount of available energy decreases for higher consumers Amount of available energy decreases for higher consumers Amount of available energy decreases down the food chain Amount of available energy decreases down the food chain It takes a large number of producers to support a small number of primary consumers It takes a large number of producers to support a small number of primary consumers It takes a large number of primary consumers to support a small number of secondary consumers It takes a large number of primary consumers to support a small number of secondary consumers

26 26

27 27 Food Webs: Are interconnected food chains Are interconnected food chains They show the feeding relationships in an ecosystem They show the feeding relationships in an ecosystem

28 28 How Many Chains are in this web?

29 29 Identify the Producers, Consumers, & Decomposers: Count the Food Chains!

30 30


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