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States of Matter Title: Title: States of Matter Problem: Problem: How do solids, liquids, and gases differ in the motion of their particles? Hypothesis/Initial.

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Presentation on theme: "States of Matter Title: Title: States of Matter Problem: Problem: How do solids, liquids, and gases differ in the motion of their particles? Hypothesis/Initial."— Presentation transcript:

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3 States of Matter Title: Title: States of Matter Problem: Problem: How do solids, liquids, and gases differ in the motion of their particles? Hypothesis/Initial Thoughts:

4 STATES OF MATTER There are Four States of Matter We will focus on the main 3 We will focus on the main 3 Solid Solid Liquid Liquid Gas Gas

5 Data/Observation: Use the information in this presentation to take notes and fill in the table on solid, liquid, and gas Use the information in this presentation to take notes and fill in the table on solid, liquid, and gas Do not glue in your table until we are finished with notes Do not glue in your table until we are finished with notes

6 STATES OF MATTER Based on Based on – –particle arrangement – –energy of particles – –distance between particles

7 Change of State A compound or element can move from one state to another, but can still be the same substance. How can this happen? The answer lies in the motion of the atoms in matter. Temperature or pressure changes state can change Temperature or pressure changes state can change Energy (heat) added atoms move faster Energy (heat) added atoms move faster energy (heat) taken away atoms move slower. energy (heat) taken away atoms move slower.

8 Kinetic Theory of Matter Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion.

9 STATES OF MATTER SOLIDS Particles of solids vibrate back and forth but are closely locked in position. Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume. Heat

10 STATES OF MATTER LIQUID Particles of liquids are tightly packed, but are far enough apart to slide over one another, allowing liquids to flow. Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume. Heat

11 STATES OF MATTER GAS Particles of gases are very far apart and move freely (idependently). Gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume. Heat

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13 PHASE CHANGES Melting Vaporization CONDENSATION FREEZING Solid Gas Liquid Gain in heat Loss in heat DEPOSITION Sublimation

14 Copy this Diagram

15 What is the fourth state of matter? You do not need to take notes This is for your information only

16 What happens if you raise the temperature to super-high levels… between 1000°C and 1,000,000,000°C ? Will everything just be a gas?

17 STATES OF MATTER PLASMA A plasma is an ionized gas. A plasma is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields. Plasmas, like gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume. Plasma is the common state of matter

18 STATES OF MATTER SOLID LIQUID GAS PLASMA Tightly packed, in a regular pattern Vibrate, but do not move from place to place Close together with no regular arrangement. Vibrate, move about, and slide past each other Well separated with no regular arrangement. Vibrate and move freely at high speeds Has no definite volume or shape and is composed of electrical charged particles

19 Some places where plasmas are found… Flames

20 Lightning

21 Aurora (Northern Lights)

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23 The Sun is an example of a star in its plasma state The sun's enormous heat rips electrons off the hydrogen and helium molecules that make up the sun. It is a great big ball of plasma.

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25 Review: PropertyGasLiquidSolid Shape Volume Movement of particles Arrangement of particles Picture No definite shape. Takes the shape of the container Definite shape No definite volume. Fills the container Definite volume. Move freely and independently at high speeds and collide frequently Collide and slide past each other Can only vibrate Tightly packed in a regular pattern Close together with no regular arrangement Well separated with no regular arrangement No definite shape. Takes the shape of the container

26 Links for Change of State Study Jams Study Jams Study Jams Study Jams MR. EDMONDS!!!! MR. EDMONDS!!!! MR. EDMONDS!!!! MR. EDMONDS!!!! Animation Animation Animation Close up of particles Close up of particles Close up of particles Close up of particles Close up of particles 2 Close up of particles 2 Close up of particles 2 Close up of particles 2 Changes in State Quiz Changes in State Quiz Changes in State Quiz Changes in State Quiz


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