2States of Matter Title: States of Matter Problem: How do solids, liquids, and gases differ in the motion of their particles?Hypothesis/Initial Thoughts:
3There are Four States of Matter We will focus on the main 3SolidLiquidGas
4Data/Observation:Use the information in this presentation to take notes and fill in the table on solid, liquid, and gasDo not glue in your table until we are finished with notes
5STATES OF MATTER Based on particle arrangement energy of particles distance between particles
6Change of StateA compound or element can move from one state to another, but can still be the same substance.How can this happen? The answer lies in the motion of the atoms in matter.Temperature or pressure changes state can changeEnergy (heat) added atoms move fasterenergy (heat) taken away atoms move slower.
7Kinetic Theory of Matter Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion.
8STATES OF MATTER SOLIDS Particles of solids vibrate back and forth but are closely locked in position.Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume.Heat
9STATES OF MATTER LIQUID Particles of liquids are tightly packed, but are far enough apart to slide over one another, allowing liquids to flow.Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume.Heat
10STATES OF MATTER GASParticles of gases are very far apart and move freely (idependently).Gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.Heat
14What is the fourth state of matter? PlasmaYou do not need to take notesThis is for your information only
15Will everything just be a gas? What happens if you raise the temperature to super-high levels… between 1000°C and 1,000,000,000°C ?Will everything just be a gas?
16STATES OF MATTER PLASMA A plasma is an ionized gas.A plasma is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields.Plasmas, like gases have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume.Plasma is thecommon stateof matter
17STATES OF MATTER LIQUID PLASMA SOLID GAS Tightly packed, in a regular patternVibrate, but do not move from place to placeClose together with no regular arrangement.Vibrate, move about, and slide past each otherWell separated with no regular arrangement.Vibrate and move freely at high speedsHas no definite volume or shape and is composed of electrical charged particles
24Arrangement of particles Review:PropertyGasLiquidSolidShapeVolumeMovement of particlesArrangement of particlesPictureNo definite shape. Takes the shape of the containerNo definite shape. Takes the shape of the containerDefinite shapeNo definite volume. Fills the containerDefinite volume.Definite volume.Move freely and independently at high speeds and collide frequentlyCollide and slide past each otherCan only vibrateWell separated with no regular arrangementClose together with no regular arrangementTightly packed in a regular pattern
25Links for Change of State Study JamsMR. EDMONDS!!!!AnimationClose up of particlesClose up of particles 2Changes in State Quiz