4 Japan and the United States Japan develops a plan for attacks on European colonies and U.S. basesIn 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments to Japan.Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto plans attack on U.S. fleet in Hawaii
8 Day of InfamyJapan attacks Pearl Harbor—U.S. Naval base in Hawaii—on December 7, 1941U.S. declares war on Japan December 8, 1941.Japan also attacks Hong Kong, Thailand, and other islands
9 Japanese Victories Guam and Wake Island The Philippines Japanese attack Philippine Islands defended by U.S., Filipino troops.Philippine islands fall to Japanese in 1942.
10 Bataan Death MarchThe forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison campsBeheadings, cut throats and casual shootings were the more common and merciful actions — compared to bayonet stabbings, rapes, disembowelments, numerous rifle butt beatings and a deliberate refusal to allow the prisoners food or water while keeping them continually marching for nearly a week in tropical heat.
12 Propaganda Poster in the U.S. after the Bataan Death March
13 Bataan Death March Memorial “The Battling Bastards of Bataan”
14 Gains in Many PlacesJapan captures British holdings, including Hong Kong and Singapore.Japan conquers the Dutch East Indies which is rich in mineralsJapan captures Burma. This threatens India, Britain’s main possession in Asia.Japanese forces treat conquered peoples and prisoners of war brutally
15 Doolittle RaidU.S. bombers attack Tokyo and other Japanese cities in April 1942.(Here Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle wires a Japanese medal to a bomb, for "return" to its originators in the first U.S. air raid on the Japanese Home Islands.)Raid does little damage, but shows that Japan is vulnerable.
16 Allies Turn the TideBattle of the Coral Sea—Americans stop Japanese advance, May 1942.New kind of naval warfare—ships launch planes to fight each other (see next slide).
17 The Allies Strike Back The Battle of Midway Japanese send powerful fleet to capture Midway Island.Battle of Midway—U.S. destroy half of Japan’s aircraft carriers causing Japan to retreat.
18 An Allied Offensive MacArthur’s Plan Douglas MacArthur—American army commander in the Pacific.He plans to “island-hop” past strongholds in order to attack weaker Japanese bases.
19 GuadalcanalBattle of Guadalcanal—hellish battle that ends in Allied victory.