Presentation on theme: "Groups and Organizations"— Presentation transcript:
1Groups and Organizations Chapter 6Groups and Organizations
2Chapter Outline Using the Sociological Imagination Concept of the GroupTypes of GroupsSocial Interaction in GroupsFormal OrganizationsDynamics of Formal OrganizationsFormal Organizations in Japan
3Groups Members of groups: Interact Share culture Consider one another’s behaviorHave some common interests and goals
4Characteristics of Primary and Secondary Groups Nature of RelationshipClose social interactionImpersonalFunctionEmotional support, socializationHelp achieve group goalsExamplesFamily, soldiers, street gangClass, team, law firm
5Conditions Favoring Primary Groups Small group size.Face to face contact.Continuous contact.Proper social environment.
11Major Characteristics of Bureaucracy A division of labor based on the principle of specialization.A hierarchy of authority.Organizational affairs are based on a system of rules and procedures.
12Major Characteristics of Bureaucracy Members of the organization maintain written records of their organizational activities.Statuses in the organization, especially managerial ones, are considered full-time jobs.
13Major Characteristics of Bureaucracy Relationships within the organization are impersonal, devoid of favoritism.Employees of bureaucratic organizations do not own their positions.
15Problems with Bureaucracy Dehumanizing social environmentWastefulness.“Peter principle” - Once reaching a level of incompetence members shift their concern to sustaining organization values.Goal displacementTrained incapacity
17Inter-organizational Relationships Involving the Police
18Organization and Oligarchy How organizational factors encourage oligarchy:Organizations need a hierarchy of authority to delegate decision making.Advantages held by leaders at the top allow them to consolidate their power.Membership tends to defer to the skills possessed by their leaders.