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Individualism vs. Collectivism. Individualism and Collectivism Definitions Definitions Individualist culture is a culture in which the goals of the individual.

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Presentation on theme: "Individualism vs. Collectivism. Individualism and Collectivism Definitions Definitions Individualist culture is a culture in which the goals of the individual."— Presentation transcript:

1 Individualism vs. Collectivism

2 Individualism and Collectivism Definitions Definitions Individualist culture is a culture in which the goals of the individual take precedence over the goals of the group.Individualist culture is a culture in which the goals of the individual take precedence over the goals of the group. Collectivist culture is a culture in which the goals of the group take precedence over the goals of the individual.Collectivist culture is a culture in which the goals of the group take precedence over the goals of the individual.

3 Individualism and Collectivism The distinction lies in what extent to which cultures promote individual values over collective values. The distinction lies in what extent to which cultures promote individual values over collective values. There is a correlation… There is a correlation… Individualist cultures tend to be economically rich.Individualist cultures tend to be economically rich. Collectivist cultures tend to be economically poor.Collectivist cultures tend to be economically poor. … but there are exceptions. … but there are exceptions.

4 Individualism and Collectivism Also applies on a personal level. Also applies on a personal level. That is, one can personally be collectivist while his or her culture is individualist.That is, one can personally be collectivist while his or her culture is individualist. Cooperation versus competition Cooperation versus competition Importance of in-group and out- group members Importance of in-group and out- group members

5 Individualism and Collectivism In other words… In other words… In an individualist culture, members are responsible for themselves and, perhaps, their immediate families.In an individualist culture, members are responsible for themselves and, perhaps, their immediate families. In a collectivist culture, members are responsible for the group as a whole.In a collectivist culture, members are responsible for the group as a whole.

6 Individualism and Collectivism In other words… In other words… In an individualist culture, success is measured by how far one stands out from the crowd.In an individualist culture, success is measured by how far one stands out from the crowd. EX: self-made millionaires, employees of the month, standing out… EX: self-made millionaires, employees of the month, standing out… In a collectivist culture, success is measured by ones contributions to the group as a whole.In a collectivist culture, success is measured by ones contributions to the group as a whole. EX: loyalty to company or country, specialized skills, fitting in… EX: loyalty to company or country, specialized skills, fitting in…

7 Individualism and Collectivism Individualistic: France, Netherlands, Nordic countries, Czech, Hungary, Poland, Italy, German Speaking Countries, USA, Anglo Countries Collectivistic: Thailand, Korea, Costa Rica, Chile, Russia, Bulgaria, Portugal, Spain, China, Japan, Mexico, Venezuela, Arab World, Greece

8 Individualism and Collectivism Cells function collectively to sustain the life of the organism. Cells function collectively to sustain the life of the organism. Individual cells may die but the organism lives on as a result of their collective effort. Individual cells may die but the organism lives on as a result of their collective effort.

9 Individualism and Collectivism Individuals in a collective society can be the equivalent of a cancer cell. Individuals in a collective society can be the equivalent of a cancer cell. The survival of the individual cell is often at the expense of the organism as a whole. The survival of the individual cell is often at the expense of the organism as a whole.

10 Individualism and Collectivism So… So… Why do we (as Americans) value our individuality so much?


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