Presentation on theme: "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"— Presentation transcript:
1The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Samuel Taylor Coleridge
2The Rime of the Ancient Mariner An Ancient Mariner stops one (of three) on his way to a wedding.
3The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The wedding guest is mesmerized by the Mariner’s passion and begins listening to the story.
4The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The Mariner’s Tale:Their ship is driven south, by a storm, to a place of “mist and snow.”
5The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “The ice was here, the ice was there, The ice was all around: It cracked and growled, and roared and howled, Like noises in a swound!”
6The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Surrounded by ice.
7The Rime of the Ancient Mariner An albatross appears.
8The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The albatross leads them out of the fog.
9The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The Mariner shoots the albatross. At first the crew condemns him, but when a favorable breeze appears, they justify his action. This implicates them in his crime.
10The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Later, the wind stops and the ship is stranded for days, “As idle as a painted ship upon a painted ocean.”“Water, water, every where, and all the boards did shrink; Water, water, every where, nor any drop to drink.”The crew blames the Mariner for no wind and hangs the albatross around his neck as punishment.
11The Rime of the Ancient Mariner A ghost ship approaches with a Specter-Woman and her Death-Mate as crew.
12The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “Death” and “Life in Death” roll dice for the lives of the ship’s crew.“Life in Death” wins.
13The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “Each turned his face with a ghastly pang, and cursed me with his eye”“With heavy thump, a lifeless lump, they dropped down one by one.”“The souls did from their bodies fly, - They fled to bliss or woe! And every soul, it passed me by, Like the whizz of my cross-bow!”
14The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “Alone, alone, all, all alone, alone on a wide wide sea! And never a saint took pity on my soul in agony.”“Seven days, seven nights, I saw that curse, and yet I could not die.”
15The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “Beyond the shadow of the ship, I watched the water-snakes”“O happy living things! No tongue their beauty might declare: A spring of love gushed from my heart, and I blessed them unaware”
16The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The curse is lifted and the albatross falls from his neck and sinks “like lead into the sea.”
17The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The dead men awaken and the Mariner directs his ghostly crew North.
18The Rime of the Ancient Mariner As the Mariner returns to his home port, the spirits of his crew leave their bodies.He receives forgiveness (shrieve) from a hermit.
19The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The Mariner’s ship sinks.
20The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The story concluded, the wedding guest leaves “a sadder and a wiser man.”The Mariner must tell his tale to warn others (redemption).
23Shelley’s Interpretation? Sin, Punishment, Redemption… Many critics see the “Rime of the Ancient Mariner” as an allegory of some kind of fall, like…Milton Parallels?(Paradise Lost)Shelley’s Interpretation?(Frankenstein)STRUCTURE:Sin, Punishment, Redemption…Of Coleridge -…opium?Of Lucifer -Of Adam & Eve -“witch’s oils, / …burnt green, and blue and white”…cast into hell…forbidden fruitCain?“…slimy things …Slimy sea”“I shot the albatross”Phantasmagoria! A shifting series or succession of things seen or imagined, as in a dream.“…and I had done a hellish thing…”“…the very deep did rot…”
24“poetry gives most pleasure when only generally and not perfectly understood" - ColeridgeMany critics maintain, as Christopher Lamb does, that the ‘Ancient Mariner’ is a work of complete and pure imagination. As…No single interpretation seems to fit the entire poem…In essence, it is a very imaginative and unusual piece…
25Gustav Doré’s Dark Etches… Purely inspirational?Dark gothic?“cursed me with his eye”“Life-in-death”“spectre bark”Gustav Doré’s Dark Etches…
26Coleridge felt a deep sense of sin, for his opium addiction. The poem could be his way of fathoming his feelings.The “strange power” of the Ancient Mariner, as his difficult feelings.“mingled strangely with my fears”“I know that man … must hear me” / “To him my tale I teach”Hence, his sensitivity and saying that the poem should not be analyzed?(“poetry gives most pleasure when only generally and not perfectly understood“)
27A Christian Parable About Respect? “Instead of the cross, the Albatross/ About my neck was hung”“I had killed the bird / That made the breeze to blow”“Hailed it in God’s name”“Christian soul”“Crimson red like Gods own head”- “Hid in mist”Crew distanced from God“blessed them unawares”- “dungeon-grate”
28Vs. Science Spirituality Some critics maintain that this ballad was an exploration, by Coleridge, into the science vs. spirituality debate:There are many mysterious fantastical images, the “glittering eye” with its “strange power…” the “polar spirits” and “seraph band…”He was at a point in his life where he was more concerned with the rational than the empirical, this poem was an exploration of the former.The Latin preface says, “Human cleverness has always sought knowledge of these things, never attained it.”