3From England, duh!Don’t you remember the founding of the original 13 coloniesby English settlers? But….
4How did England get English? The history of the language can be traced back to the arrival of three Germanic tribes to the British Isles during the 5th Century AD. Angles, Saxons and Jutes crossed the North Sea from what is the present day Denmark and northern Germany. The inhabitants of Britain previously spoke a Celtic language. This was quickly displaced. The Angles were named from Engle, their land of origin. Their language was called Englisc from which the word, English derives.An Anglo-Saxon inscription dated between 450 and 480AD is the oldest sample of the English language.The Latin Alphabet was brought over fromIreland by Christian missionaries. This hasremained the writing system of English.
5A big change occurred in 1066! Bonjour!A big change occurred in 1066!A Norman, William the Conquerer, invaded Britain and tookover. The Normans spoke French, so after Britain wasconquered the upper class spoke French and the peasantscontinued to speak Anglo-Saxon. The two languageseventually melded and became Middle English. Thisevolved into the Modern English that we speak today.Fancier words in our language come from French: military,government, cuisine, interesting, sympathetic.Simpler, ordinary, work words came from Anglo-Saxon:iron, sheep, from, sick.
6English continues to evolve today. It is the 2nd most commonly spoken language in the world.Where is English spoken?JamaicaKenyaKiribatiLesothoLiberiaMalawiMaltaMauritiusNamibiaNauruNew ZealandNigeriaPakistanPapua New GuineaPhilippinesPuerto RicoSt Christopher and NevisSt LuciaSt VincentSenegalSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSouth AfricaSurinamSwazilandTanzaniaTongaTrinidad and TobagoTuvaluUgandaUnited KingdomUnited States of AmericaVanatuWestern SamoaZambiaZimbabweAntiguaAustraliaBahamasBarbadosBelizeBermudaBotswanaBruneiCameroonCanadaDominicaFijiGambiaGhanaGrenadaGuyanaIndiaIreland
7Some causes of recent change and expansion of English are: The major addition of technology to our culture. As a result we now have words like byte, internet, techie, website, browser.2. The proximity to Mexico and the increase in Spanish speaking immigrants. As a result we now have words like casa, burrito, adios, barrio.The increasing popularity of slang in our culture. As a result we now have words like def, hood, bling bling, sick, phat.
8English - A Historical Summary Summary ofinfluences on English
9Recap of most important points in the history of English: Some Germanic tribes settled in Britain bringing their Anglo-Saxon language (Englisc).Christian missionaries brought Latin to the region.The tribes were conquered by the Normans who spoke French. Anglo-Saxons then became the working class.These different language influences melded to create Middle English.Middle English evolved and took on new words. (Shakespeare contributed many that he created!)Our Modern English came about.English continues to grow and change.Have you got it?