Presentation on theme: "AP Art History Thematic Review Gender Issues. Prompt In the history of art, female artists have often faced a different set of circumstances than their."— Presentation transcript:
AP Art History Thematic Review Gender Issues
Prompt In the history of art, female artists have often faced a different set of circumstances than their male counterparts. Identify three female artists and discuss the unique circumstances they faced. Analyze the impact of their gender experience on their work in terms of subject matter and they way in which it is depicted.
Disclaimer (Exemption from requirement for example from beyond European tradition.)
Introduction Female artists often faced daunting circumstances to train for and practice their artistic profession, due to societal constraints and expectations of gender roles. Artemisia Gentileschi is one such example from the seventeenth century.
Introduction, continued Paula Modersohn-Becker, of the German Expressionists in the early twentieth century is a second example. Finally, Adelaide Labille-Guiard is a late eighteenth century French example. Some of the female artists faced challenges in acquiring training, while others struggled to gain equal acceptance by male peers, but the trend that is true for all three of these painters is that their gender had an impact on the subject matter of their works.
Gentileschi Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1621 Italian
Gentileschi – Judith Slaying Holofernes Initially trained by her father, since women were not admitted to art academies, where drawings of the male nude were required. Later trained by a peer of her father; a rape scandal and trial ensued. Her works, as this one reveals, often included powerful women and heroines. Furthermore, her Judith is much larger and stronger, leaning into the bloody work, than other artists Judiths.
Modersohn-Becker Paula Modersohn- Beckers Self- Portrait with an Amber Necklace, 1906
Modersohn-Beckers Self- Portrait She enrolled in a Berlin art school for women in 1896, where she was allowed to study female nudes and sometimes a partially clothed male model. Women artists were tolerated in Modernist circles, but rarely treated as equals. In stead of the eroticized object of male desire*, she portrayed herself, in the nude, as a natural being in tune with her surroundings. Note the muted palette or browns and greens. *C/c with Kirchners Girl Under a Japanese Umbrella, of 1909
Labille-Guiards Self-Portrait with Two Pupils Adelaide Labille-Guiards Self-Portrait with Two Pupils, of 1785
Labille-Guiards Self-Portrait with Two Pupils Many leading portraitists in late eigthenneth century France were women, such as Vigee-Lebrun. However, the French Academy only opened 4 spots for women. Labille-Guiard and Vigee-Lebrun held two of those spots and in 1790, the former successfully petitioned the Academy to end the restriction on women. Rumors circulated that the works of both these female portraitists were actually completed by men. This self-portrait is a counter argument.
Labille-Guiards Self-Portrait with Two Pupils Monumental painting, with pyramidal composition. In a witty role reversal, the only male in the work (both pupils are also female) is a portrait bust of the painters father in the background on the left. He was her inspiration or muse. (Muses, in Greek mythology, were female.)
Additional Suggestion: Kauffmann Angelica Kauffmanns Cornelia Pointing to Her Children as Her Treasures, 1785 Swiss, trained in Italy,;worked in Britain and elsewhere in Europe
Berthe Morisots The Cradle Berthe Morisots The Cradle, of 1872