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Chapter 6 Thermal Energy Sections 1 and 2
Temperature The measure of the particle movement or kinetic energy of atoms and molecules in an object.
Absolute zero The lowest temperature possible (-273 °C) when no more energy can be removed from matter, or when particles are no longer moving.
Thermal Energy The total energy of all particles in matter.
Heat Movement of thermal energy from a high temperature to a low temperature.
Heat Transfer Conduction: Heat is transferred from one objects particles to another
Heat Transfer cont… Convection: The mass movement of heated liquid or gas. EX. Wind, oven, home heating system.
Radiation Transfer of energy through electromagnetic waves. EX: The sun
Conductors and Insulators A material that absorbs or conducts heat well is a conductor. EX: Metals
Conductors and Insulators Insulators are materials that do not conduct heat well and slow the transfer of energy. EX: Wood, wool, straw, Styrofoam
Specific Heat The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1Kg of a substance by one Kelvin. EX: water has a specific heat of 4.18J/KgxKelvin Units: J/KgxKelvin
Equation for change in Energy or transfer of thermal energy Mass x specific heat x change in temperature Heat added = specific heat x mass x (tfinal - tinitial )
14-1 : Temperature and Thermal Energy. Temperature The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. The measure of the average.
Energy Transfer Methods of energy Transfer Three ways energy is transferred: 1. Conduction- occurs between objects in direct contact. a. Objects.
Thermal Energy Heat. Thermal Energy The total energy of all the particles in an object Depends on…… – temperature of the object – # of particles in the.
Energy Transfer Chapter Methods of Energy Transfer Conduction Convection Radiation.
Temperature, Thermal Energy, and Heat Standard S8P2 d – Describe how heat can be transferred through matter by the collision of atoms. Chapter 14, Section.
The measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object Kinetic Energy=speed of molecules The higher the kinetic energy the higher the.
Heat Chapter 9 Thermal Energy. Kinetic and Potential Energy Kinetic energy- energy of motion potential energy – Is the certain amount of energy that Molecules.
< BackNext >PreviewMain Section 1 Temperature What Is Temperature? Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.
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Chapter 14.2 – Energy Transfer heat energy can be transferred three ways 1.conduction 2.convection 3.radiation thermal conduction – the transfer of energy.
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THERMAL ENERGY TRANSFER NOTES. THERMAL ENERGY Total amount of energy in an object’s moving molecules. Heat--flow of thermal energy from a warmer object.
Thermal energy and Heat. Thermal energy Thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of all particles in a substance Measured in joules (J) This is not.
Activator: Why is the sun important? How does the heat get from this big, bright, ball in the sky to us?
Heat Not just hot or cold…but much, much more!!!.
Energy Notes. ENERGY - the ability to do work or cause change ** You can think of work as the transfer of energy ** The two general kinds of energy: Kinetic.
* Materials that allow heat, electricity, or sound waves to pass through them.
Thermal Energy & Heat Physical Science Chapter 6.
Changes of State Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Bose- Einstein Condensate.
Ch Energy Transfer Kinetic Molecular Theory “Kinetic” = moving “Molecular” = all matter is made up of atoms and molecules So all matter is made up.
Heat Energy Mr. Skirbst Physical Science Topic 08.
Chapter 6. Heat Definition: the transfer of energy (thermal) between objects that are at different temperatures. Definition: the transfer of energy (thermal)
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Thermal Energy & Heat. Temperature Measure of how hot or cold something is compared to reference point Units: –Celsius –Fahrenheit –Kelvin.
Thermodynamics. Thermodynamics – The study of heat transformation. Temperature – A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.average.
Thermal Energy. How does thermal energy work? Important terms to know: Temperature:
Energy Transfer. Conduction Energy is transferred through direct contact.
Ch. 6 – Thermal Energy. Sec. 1 – Temperature & Heat ENERGY Kinetic (KE) Potential – (PE) Energy of Motion Energy Stored.
Heat and TemperatureSection 2 Temperature & Energy Transfer Chapter 14.1 & 14.2.
The Nature of Heat. Heat is the movement of thermal energy from a substance at a higher temperature to another at a lower temperature.
© Copyright 2014 – all rights reserved Energy as Heat Transfer.
Heat & Heat Technology Chapter 13. Temperature Measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object Same average kinetic energy = equal.
Heat and Thermal Energy Sources 14 Key Ideas Thermal energy influences temperature, density, pressure, and a substance’s physical state. Thermal energy.
Thermal Energy & Heat. Learning Scale – I can … 4 – Design an investigation to show the flow of heat from warmer to cooler objects. 3 – Describe how heat.
Temperature and Heat. Temperature Kinetic energy is the energy that matter has due to the movement of that matter or within the matter Kinetic energy.
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