Changes in Matter Chapter 3 sections 1 and 3. Solid Definite Shape and Definite Volume.
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Changes in Matter Chapter 3 sections 1 and 3
Solid Definite Shape and Definite Volume.
Particles in a solid Atoms and/or molecules are packed closely together and slightly vibrate.
Types of solids Crystalline solid: Arranged in a crystal-like, repeating pattern. All have a distinct melting point.
Types of solids cont…. Amorphic Solid: Particles are arranged in an irregular or random pattern. Dont have a distinct melting point. Example: Glass, plastic, rubber
Liquids Takes the shape of the container that its in.
Particles in a Liquid Atoms and/or molecules are loosely packed together.
Suspension A mixture where particles can be seen and easily separated. Examples: Milk, salad dressing and muddy water
Viscosity The resistance of a liquid to flow. The higher the viscosity, the slower it will flow. Usually amorphic solids.
Water Surface tension: Molecules on the surface are only affected by those below the surface, thus causing drops of liquid to be spheres.
TAKE OUT YOUR OOBLECK LAB
Gases Have no definite shape and no definite volume. Very compressible.
Particles in a gas Particles are not touching, therefore the Intermolecular forces are broken. Movement is random and independent of each other.
Boyles Law At a constant temperature, if the pressure of a gas increases its volume decreases.
Graph of Boyles Law
Pressure and Temperature of gases When the temperature of a gas increases its pressure increases and when temperature decreases pressure decreases.
Charles' Law When temperature of a gas increases its volume increases. In other words, gases expand as they heat up and condense as they cool down.
Energy and State Change When a substance changes state: Solid liquid gas = gaining energy Gas liquid solid = loses energy
Measuring Gases Temperature: the measure of the motion (kinetic energy) of the particles of a substance.
Measuring Gases Cont… Pressure of a gas: The measure of the outward force divided by the surface area of the container.
Increased Temperature Increased average velocity of gas particles Increased number of collisions with walls of container Increased Force per collision. Inside pressure is greater than external pressure. Container expands Increased Volume Initial increase in pressure force ÷ area of container
Take out your Hot Air Balloons Lab and write down the Purpose: To Learn how the volume of a gas changes with temperature.