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Chemical & Electrical Coordination Systems The Nervous System…….

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Presentation on theme: "Chemical & Electrical Coordination Systems The Nervous System……."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chemical & Electrical Coordination Systems The Nervous System…….
Ch 36 Guide “Life is in the eye of the beholder”

2 Evolution of the Nervous System

3 From brain Stem to Cerebrum

4 IB.What is the function of the nervous system?
To receive information from a sensory neuron To process info. by the brain & spinal cord To respond by an effectors (muscle/gland)

5 Acupuncture:Stimulation of nerve centers

6 Alternative views

7 IA. The basic unit of the nervous system = neuron?
Dendrites receive stimuli Nerve cell body @ nucleus transmits the stimuli Axon transmits the impulse to another dendrite

8 Axon ending: terminal bud
Transfers the electrical nerve impulse By chemical neuron-transmitters From one neuron to the next

9 IA2. Two connecting neurons:
Axon ending Impulse direction Dendrite of new neuron Axon Cell Body

10 REVIEW………………. What is the name of the nerve cell ?
Does the stimulus travel one- way or down the neuron in two directions? Which part receives the stimuli? (The synapse, dendrites, cell body, or axon) Which is covered by a myelin sheath ? What is the purpose of the myelin sheath?

11 IB2a.Sensory neurons or“receptors” receive a stimulus from:
eyes - sight ears - hearing nose - smell skin - touch mouth - taste

12 2b. The Central Nervous System:
1) Spinal Cord 2) Brain medulla for breathing cerebellum for balance cerebrum for higher thinking bw

13 2c. Effectors that do actions are the
Muscles = voluntary use the somatic system involuntary use autonomic system Glands = endocrine organs that make hormone messengers

14 Cerebral Cortex= higher thinking

15 The real thing

16 Parts of the Cerebrum

17 Cerebellum & “old brain” controls basic body functions

18 Right versus left Cerebrum

19 Infrared Tools to Study the brain . . . .

20 Schizophrenia & a normal brain scan

21 Any blow to the head does brain damage Example of amnesia & processing skills

22 D. What is a synapse ? Junction of two neurons Neurotransmitters convert the electrical impulse into a chemical message

23 E. The 2 types of nervous responses?
a. Voluntary that use the brain & spinal cord b. Involuntary or Autonomic System Sympathetic Parasympathetic

24 The involuntary system: Autonomic basic body functions & reflex arcs

25 The Autonomic Nervous System

26 REVIEW: The Autonomic Nervous System...
Automatic Two parts: parasympathetic & sympathetic Which is “fight or flight response” ? Which is ordinary involuntary body functions ?

27 E2. Involuntary Reflex Arcs . . . .
Use only spinal cord Do not go to the brain Follow the R-SIM pathway Examples: knee jerk, eye blink, hot stove pull back

28 R-SIM Reflex arc pathway . . .
receptor neuron receives the stimuli S sensory neuron passes the impulse on I interneuron at the spinal cord processes M motor neuron acts

29 Is Pain part of the Reflex Arc ???

30 The five types of receptors
Are highly specialized Receive only one type of stimuli Can be “overloaded” when over stimulated


32 Sensory Laboratory. . . . . . . . . PURPOSE:
Map the distance between touch receptors Measure the extent of peripheral vision Determine the effects of cone saturation Map the taste receptors Measure reflex timing


34 Map of Taste Receptors . . . . B w

35 References: World Book Encyclopedia ‘99 software for hand out illustrations. IBM Software Corp. Encarta Encyclopedia ‘99 for multimedia slide presentations. Microsoft Corp.

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