Presentation on theme: "ObJ:9.MEH2.1: I will identify causes and symptoms of mental disorders. ObJ:9.MEH.2.2: I will design useful help-seeking strategies for mental disorders."— Presentation transcript:
ObJ:9.MEH2.1: I will identify causes and symptoms of mental disorders. ObJ:9.MEH.2.2: I will design useful help-seeking strategies for mental disorders. ObJ:9.MEH1.2: I will plan effective methods to deal with anxiety Mental Disorders
Read & Reflect Scholar: What are examples of mental disorders? Collegiate: What is the impact of mental disorders on the person and family? What are some positive coping mechanisms that a person with a mental disorder can do to be successful in their daily life? Genius: What may be the positive and negative impact of labeling kids with mental disorders?
Labeling of Kids with Mental disorders? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wv49RFo1ckQ&feature=player_embedded http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wv49RFo1ckQ&feature=player_embedded
Causes of Mental Disorders Genetics: a gene is passed from parent to child Substance abuse Abuse and neglect Death of a loved one Traumatic events Dysfunctional and unstable family life
What causes anxiety? Anxiety: an uneasy feeling or the act of worry about what may happen CAUSES: Hormonal changes Side effects of drug Stress in personal relationships Family problems Financial stress Use of illegal drugs Emotional trauma Stress from school Serious medical illness
Symptoms of Anxiety Increased heart rate Rapid breathing Stomach ache Feeling powerless Sweating Feeling weak or fatigue
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Anxiety disorder is most common mental disorder among children. It affects approximately 10% of all children. Symptoms: Always worried Aches and pains Tired easily yet has trouble sleeping Constant body tension Types of Treatment: Self-help coping strategies: Exercise Decrease stress in life Deep breathing and relaxation techniques Create a great support group of friends Medication Therapy
Anxiety or Serious Anxiety? Jeff’s father has left the family home. His mother said that she wants a divorce. Jeff has not slept well in over a week and he worries that the family will not have enough money to buy food, much less remain in their house. He gets a little dizzy when he thinks about how he is going to take care of his little sister. He is so tired that he is unable to do his school work and his grades are beginning to suffer. Is his anxiety serious? Yes! Jeff is beginning to feel the physical and psychological effects of anxiety.
Anxiety or Serious Anxiety? Bob hates to read out loud in class. One when he did, he stumbled on a word and everybody laughed. It embarrassed Bob. Since then, when the class reads aloud, he prays the teacher will not pick him. Is his anxiety serious? NO. Katie hates to play sports, and basketball is her least favorite. Once a month, the PE teacher makes all the students compete with each other. Just before it is Katie’s turn to play, she feels nervous, almost sick to her stomach. Once PE is over, she is fine. Is his anxiety serious? NO
Anxiety Disorder Who knows someone who has an anxiety disorder? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Social Phobia Symptoms: Everyday, fears doing something embarrassing Stops going to social events and school Sweats and shakes when people look at them Types of Treatment: Self-help techniques (relaxation, challenge negative thoughts, face your fears, support group) Medication Therapy
Social Phobia Who knows someone who has a social phobia? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Social Phobia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kF7EiRY3ZAY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kF7EiRY3ZAY
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms: Obsessed with hand washing Constantly checks doors/windows Terrified they will harm someone they care about Can’t get obsessive thoughts out of head Types of Treatment: Self-help techniques (education, relaxation, support group, practice skills learned in therapy) Medication Therapy
Obsessive Compulsive: Matchstick Men http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdc6KQmOb70&feature=player_embedded Watch 3 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdc6KQmOb70&feature=player_embedded
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Who knows someone who has obsessive-compulsive disorder? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: Person has frequent nightmares Terrifying flashbacks Avoids places which remind person of the traumatic event Feels like they can not trust anyone Types of Treatment: Self-help techniques (support group, avoid drugs and alcohol which make symptoms worse, overcome sense of helplessness by engaging in empowering activities) Medication Therapy
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Who knows someone who has post traumatic stress disorder? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Panic Disorder Symptoms: Heart starts pounding Feels dizzy Can’t breathe Feels like they are about to die Types of Treatment: Self-help techniques (education, learn how to control breathing, relaxation techniques, avoid caffeine and cigarettes) Medication Therapy
Panic Attacks http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32K-rEIbBgE&feature=player_embedded Option: Show 2 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32K-rEIbBgE&feature=player_embedded
Panic Disorder Who knows someone who has panic disorder? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms: Serious shift in mood, energy, thinking and behavior from the highs of mania to the lows of depression Mania: feeling unusually “high” and optimistic or irritable, sleeping very little but has high energy, racing thoughts and easily distracted Depression: feeling hopeless, loss of energy, sleep problems, thoughts of suicide Types of Treatment: Self-help techniques (education, reduce stress in life, support system, stabilize mood by eating healthy, exercising and getting enough sleep) Therapy Medication
How it feels to be “low” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nQgN5jPU3w&feature=player_embedded http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nQgN5jPU3w&feature=player_embedded
Bipolar Disorder Who knows someone who has bipolar disorder? What healthy coping mechanisms do they use? What unhealthy coping mechanisms do they use?
Why would someone be reluctant to seek help for a mental disorder?
Barriers to seeking help Perception that problem will “just go away” Perception that one is weak or crazy Lack of awareness of resources at school or in community Embarrassment to acknowledge problem Perception that one should be able to fix the problem without help
Types of Treatment Self-help techniques Medication Therapy
Question 1 It is 10:00 pm and Sam is struggling to finish his homework. He is stressed and exhausted. He unexpectedly begins to feel dizzy and short of breath. His heart is pounding and he feels like he is about to die. What mental disorder is he suffering from?
Question 2 Montrell and his brother, Daniel, were walking home from the store when shots were fired. Daniel was hit in the stomach. Montrell held his brother until Daniel took his last breath. One year later, Montrell is still having a very difficult time dealing with the death of his brother. Montrell frequently has nightmares and flashbacks relating to the death of his brother. What mental disorder is he suffering from?
Question 3 Julie has a hard time controlling her thoughts. At work, she constantly worries that she forgot to lock the doors or turn off lights in her house. She washes her hands at least twenty times through out the day for fear of germs and bacteria. What mental disorders is she struggling with?
Question 4 Susan experiences periods of time when she feels very “high” on life. She sleeps very little and spends a lot of time working on her art work. However, Susan also experience drastic “lows” where she sleeps often and is very depressed. What mental disorder is she experiencing?
Question 5 Joanna is having thoughts of dropping out of school. She is often worried about embarrassing herself at school. Students laugh at her when she shakes and breaks out in a sweat when she make class presentations. She feels more comfortable being alone or with her family at her house. What mental disorder is Joanna experiencing?
Question 6 Kenya feels anxious and worried though out the day. Due to her constant worry, she feel aches, pains, and tension though out her body. She is often tired yet is not sleeping well. What mental disorders is Kenya experiencing?
Question 8 Chris is experiencing significant depression. He has decided to take action. What are three treatment options?
Additional Questions? If you have additional questions about mental health disorders, see our school nurse or our school psychologist. She can get you in contact with someone who can help you.
Quick Write Write a summary of today’s class focusing on: Identifying 6 mental disorders and 2 characteristics of each Treatment options for mental disorders Include: Topic sentence Transition words (First, In addition, In conclusion) Supporting details (at least 2 characteristics of each disorder) Concluding sentence Use: Informative and Argumentative Writing Rubric
Quick Write (AVID strategy) Write a summary of today’s class using your notes. Identifying 6 mental disorders and 2 characteristics of each Treatment options for mental disorders Option: follow the format provided: The main idea of today’s class was__(identify main idea)_____. First, there are many types of mental disorders. (Identify first disorder)__ is characterized by __(identify 2 symptoms)___. Continue paragraph describing all six mental disorders. In addition, if a person has a mental disorder, s/he should seek treatment using___(identify 3 types of treatment)__. In conclusion,__(identify main idea of paper) Use: Informative and Argumentative Writing Rubric