Presentation on theme: "Guidelines for Teaching the Holocaust. Why Teach Holocaust History One of the most effective, and most extensively documented subjects for a pedagogical."— Presentation transcript:
Guidelines for Teaching the Holocaust
Why Teach Holocaust History One of the most effective, and most extensively documented subjects for a pedagogical examination of basic moral issues
Rationale should fit your class Why should students learn this history? What are the most significant lessons to be learned? Why is a particular resource appropriate? What is the focus of your curriculum?
What can students learn? Responsible Citizenship Appreciation for democracy Silence and indifference can perpetuate problems. History doesnt just happen. It occurs because individuals, organizations, and governments made choices.
Ramifications of prejudice, racism, and stereotyping.
Dangers of apathy and indifference
Responsibility when others are being denied civil rights
Define the term Holocaust The state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators between 1933 and Jews were the primary victims– 6 million were murdered; Gypsies, handicapped, Jehovahs Witnesses, Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, and homosexuals also suffered grievous oppression and death.
There are no simple answers
Avoid Comparisons of Pain
The Holocaust was not inevitable The Holocaust took place because individuals, groups, and nations made decisions to act or not to act.
Strive for precision of language Prejudice and discrimination Collaborators and bystanders Armed and spiritual resistance Concentration camps and killing centers Guilt and responsibility
Make careful distinction about sources Fact, opinion, fiction Primary and secondary sources Court testimony, oral history Photographs
Avoid Stereotypical Descriptions All experiences of Jews were not the same. All Germans were not Nazis. Although groups can share common experiences, generalization tend to stereotype group behavior.
Do not romanticize to engage students interest The number of non-Jews who helped rescue Jews in a small fraction of the population. Give a balanced perspective. Do not use the worst aspects of human nature to hook your students, they will become desensitized.
How many is 6,000,000
People not Statistics
If you were to live 6,000,000 hours, how many years would you be alive? 685 Years
How many times would 9-11 need to occur to equal 6,000,000 deaths? Every day for 5.8 years