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SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? 1.Also known as Tidewater.

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Presentation on theme: "SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? 1.Also known as Tidewater."— Presentation transcript:

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2 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b

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4 What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? What are the characteristics of the Coastal Plain? 1.Also known as Tidewater 2.Located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay 3.Includes the Eastern Shore, a peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay 4.Flat land 5.East of the Fall Line 6.Major product: seafood 7.Major industries: shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations 1.Also 1.Also known as Tidewater 2.Located 2.Located near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay 3.Includes 3.Includes the Eastern Shore, a peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay 4.Flat 4.Flat land 5.East 5.East of the Fall Line 6.Major 6.Major product: seafood 7.Major 7.Major industries: shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations

5 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain is east of the Fall Line. The Fall Line Piedmont Coastal Plain This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?

6 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Characteristics of the Coastal Plain The land is flat. There are many waterways. There is easy access to the Atlantic Ocean. People make their livings from fishing, shipbuilding, US military installations, shipping, and tourism. The land is flat. There are many waterways. There is easy access to the Atlantic Ocean. People make their livings from fishing, shipbuilding, US military installations, shipping, and tourism. This is what the Atlantic Ocean looks like, right on the beach.

7 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Sunset on the mouth of the James River at Newport News Rivers in the Coastal Plain are wide and flow slowly. They empty into the Chesapeake Bay. The place where the river joins the Chesapeake Bay, is the mouth of the river. The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

8 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Many people make their living in the shipping industry. This is a freighter near the mouth of the James River in the Hampton Roads area of Tidewater. A freighter carries manufactured goods and raw materials to be sold. Can you tell how big this freighter is?

9 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Shipbuilding is an important industry. This is the Newport News Shipyard, where a huge ocean-going ship is being built.

10 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b A federal military installation is often called a military base. Another major industry of the Coastal Plain is federal military installations.

11 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b A federal military installation belongs to the United States government. The military includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard. Many people in the Coastal Plain region work for the military. An air traffic controllerCutting the ribbon for a new Navy base building Do you know someone who is in the military?

12 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Seafood is the major product of the Coastal Plain. The fishing industry produces seafood. People fish for a living. They sell their catch to seafood companies that process, package, and distribute the seafood. This means many jobs for workers in the Coastal Plain. Here we see shrimp boats at the dock. Do you like fish and shrimp? How about oysters?

13 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Many people make their living from tourism. This is Virginia Beach, where many tourists go for vacations. Do you like to go to the beach?

14 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) The Chesapeake Bay, in the Coastal Plain, borders Virginia on the east. Here is the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, which connects Hampton Roads with the Eastern Shore. Is this a big bridge, or what!

15 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) The Chesapeake Bay is a source of seafood for Virginia and the United States. Water sports contribute to the economy of the region. What is the name of this water sport?

16 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) The Chesapeake Bay is very large. It is several miles from one side to the other. The bay has 12,000 miles of shoreline. Chesapeake Bay Virginia Maryland Delaware

17 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Here is a photo of the Chesapeake Bay, taken from a satellite.

18 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Chesapeake Bay gets very high waves, just like the ocean, when the wind blows hard.

19 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The James River The James River, in the coastal plain, is the southernmost river that empties into the Chesapeake Bay. Huge freighters can come up the James River to the natural barrier at the Fall Line. The Coastal Plain (Tidewater)

20 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) This is a bridge over the mouth of the York River, at Yorktown. The York River The James River The mouth of the York River is north of the James River, in the Coastal Plain. Atlantic Ocean

21 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) The mouth of the Rappahannock River is in the Tidewater, or the Coastal Plain, emptying its waters into the Chesapeake Bay.

22 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Fredericksburg is an old city on the Rappahannock River, at the Fall Line.

23 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) The mouth of the Potomac River is also located in Virginias Coastal Plain. The Potomac is Virginias northernmost river. It is a border of Virginia. It divides Virginia from Maryland and from Washington, D.C. Potomac River Virginia Maryland Washington, D.C. Chesapeake Bay

24 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Alexandria, an old city, is located on the Potomac River. This is an old painting of Alexandria in the old days of sailing ships.

25 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Here is a modern-day view of Alexandria, on the Potomac River. This river is really wide in the Coastal Plain, isnt it?

26 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Atlantic Ocean The Coastal Plain (Tidewater) contains the Eastern Shore. Virginias Eastern Shore The Eastern Shore is a peninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three sides by water. A peninsula sticks out into the water. Here is a road map of the Eastern Shore. See all the water? There arent many roads, are there?

27 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Eastern Shore is bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The Eastern Shore gets its name because it is the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay.

28 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b There are no major cities on the Eastern Shore. People live in small towns and fish for a living. Wildlife is plentiful, including wild ponies.

29 Lets review the Coastal Plain: Also called Tidewater Flat land Location near the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay Includes the Eastern Shore, a peninsula east of the Chesapeake Bay East of the Fall Line Product: seafood Industries: shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations

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31 Footbridge over the Dan River in Danville, VA

32 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b What are the characteristics of the Piedmont? 1.Means 1.Means land at the foot of the mountains 2.Rolling 2.Rolling hills 3.West 3.West of the fall line 4. Products: tobacco products and information technology 5. Industries: technology, federal and state government, farming, and textiles THE BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS What city is this?

33 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Piedmont region is between the Coastal Plain and the Blue Ridge Mountains.

34 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Piedmont Region is separated from the Coastal Plain by the Fall Line. The Fall Line Piedmont Coastal Plain This satellite image clearly shows the fall line. Can you see it?

35 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Fall Line got its name because thats where the waterfalls start. There are no waterfalls in the Coastal Plain because the land is too flat. The land rises sharply at the Fall Line. There are small waterfalls in the Piedmont because the Piedmont has hills for the water to fall down. Waterfalls are bigger in the mountains, because the mountains are steeper and higher.

36 Rapids are places in a river where rocks and the downward slope of the land make the river run very fast. Rapids make the river dangerous for boats. River traffic cannot move past the rapids.

37 This is the Rappahannock River, near Fredericksburg. See the rocks in the river? You are looking at rapids on the Fall Line, between the Coastal Plain and the Piedmont regions.

38 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Piedmont region is west of the Fall Line. Danville is also west of the Fall Line. There are rapids in the Dan River. Have you seen them? Danville Fall Line

39 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Piedmont means land at the foot of the mountains. From this view, in the Piedmont, you can see the mountains. You are at the foot, or the bottom, of the mountains. Pied means foot. Mont means mountain.

40 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Piedmont Region has rolling hills. Have you ridden your bike up and down the Piedmonts rolling hills? Which do you like better, up or down?

41 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Piedmont region is famous for growing tobacco. Tobacco is a major product of the Piedmont.

42 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Information technology is another product of the Piedmont. Information technology means the technology we use to get and send information. Computers and satellites are part of this industry. Many technology companies are located in Northern Virginia. What is this? How is it part of information technology?

43 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Northern Virginia, in the Piedmont, is also famous for federal government jobs. Many northern Virginians work for the Federal government, because Washington, D.C., our nations capital, is just across the Potomac River. They go across the Potomac River every day to work. There are also some federal government buildings in northern Virginia itself, where Virginians are employed. Federal government jobs are a major industry of the Piedmont.

44 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Richmond is in the Piedmont. Many people in Richmond work for the state government. State government is a major industry of the Piedmont. Virginias state capitol building, where state senators and delegates meet to make our states laws. Why is state government a major industry of the piedmont?

45 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Many people in the piedmont farm. Farming is a major Piedmont industry. Have you ever helped to do farm work? Is it easy or hard?

46 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Textiles are also a major industry of the Piedmont. The textile industry is found in and near Danville. Here we see, on both sides of the Dan River, the factory buildings of Dan River, Inc., Danvilles textile mill. This picture was taken about 50 years ago, but some things still look exactly the same. Do you recognize anything in this picture?

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48 Lynchburg is also in the Piedmont region. This is a postcard of Lynchburg. Do you think the card is old or new? Why do you think that?

49 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Lets review the Piedmont: Land at the foot of the mountains Rolling hills West of the Fall Line Products: tobacco products and information technology Industries: technology, federal and state government, farming, and textiles

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51 What are the characteristics of the Blue Ridge Mountains? 1.Old, rounded mountains 2.Part of the Appalachian mountain system 3.Located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions 4.Source of many rivers 5.Product: apples 6.Industry: recreation

52 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge Region. Piedmont Blue Ridge Mountains Valley and Ridge

53 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Blue Ridge Mountains are old, rounded mountains.

54 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Recreation is a major business in the Blue Ridge Mountains. People come to drive on the Blue Ridge Parkway and look at the beautiful views. The Blue Ridge Mountains are part of the Appalachian mountain system. The Appalachian mountain system stretches from Maine to Georgia.

55 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Tourists come to the Blue Ridge Mountains to see the interesting underground caverns there. The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions. Have you seen one of Virginias caverns? Which one?

56 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Trout fishing is another recreational attraction that brings tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The many streams where the trout are found, are sources of many of Virginias rivers. The Blue Ridge Mountains are the source of many rivers. Source: the beginning Do you like fishing for recreation?

57 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major industry in the Blue Ridge Mountains is recreation. Skiing is a popular recreation in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Ski Resorts are part of the tourist industry.

58 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Recreation brings many tourists to the Blue Ridge Mountains. People like to hike the mountain trails and climb on the rocks. This is Natural Bridge, which many tourists come to see.

59 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Apples are the major product of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Workers climb ladders to pick the apples at harvest time in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

60 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Apples are the major product of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The apples are packed in wooden crates and shipped all over the world. Do you eat apples from the Blue Ridge Mountains?

61 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Lets review the Blue Ridge Mountains: Old, rounded mountains Part of the Appalachian mountain system Located between the Piedmont and the Valley and Ridge regions Source of many rivers Product: apples Industry: recreation

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63 What are the characteristics of the Valley and Ridge Region? Fog hangs over the valley, as the surrounding ridges peek through the clouds.

64 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Valley and Ridge Region is west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

65 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Valley and Ridge Region includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges. Water rushing over rocks, tumbling downhill, is a common sight along the Valley and Ridge Regions numerous creeks.

66 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Valley and Ridge Region contains the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys. Roanoke is a major city in Virginias Valley and Ridge Region. Roanoke grew because it became a railroad center.

67 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Valley and Ridge Region Another city of the Valley and Ridge Region is Harrisonburg. This is a bed and breakfast hotel in Harrisonburg. Can you see that the Valley and Ridge Region gets quite a bit of snow in the winter?

68 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Farming is the important industry in the Shenandoah Valley, in the Valley and Ridge Region.

69 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Poultry is an important farm product in the Shenandoah Valley. Chickens and turkeys are poultry. Much of the chicken you eat is raised in the Valley and Ridge. What is this person holding?

70 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Apples are also an important farm product of the Valley and Ridge.

71 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Lets review the Valley and Ridge: Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges The Blue Ridge Mountains and the Valley and Ridge regions are part of the Appalachian mountain system Located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains Products: poultry and apples Industry: farming

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73 What are the characteristics of the Appalachian Plateau? What is a plateau? A coal mining town in the Appalachian Plateau, around 1900

74 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b A plateau is an area of elevated (up high) land that is flat on top. A plateau is an area of elevated (up high) land that is flat on top. What is a plateau? What is a plateau? Would you like to go four-wheeling in the Appalachian Plateau?

75 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The Appalachian Plateau is located in southwest Virginia. The Appalachian Plateau extends into other states, like Kentucky and Tennessee. Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is in Virginia.

76 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal. This is what coal looks like. It is a seam of coal in between other rock.

77 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Here a coal seam has caught fire and burns in the mountain. Coal is a mineral found in the earth. It is like a rock, but it will burn, giving off very hot heat. Coal is a mineral found in the earth. It is like a rock, but it will burn, giving off very hot heat.

78 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b People used to use coal a lot to heat their houses. Today, however, its major use is in coal-fired power plants, where electricity is generated.

79 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal. This railroad car will carry coal from the mine to the power plant. Have you seen coal cars like this on the train tracks?

80 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major product of the Appalachian Plateau is coal. Coal miners use very heavy, dangerous equipment. You have to be very careful.

81 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major industry of the Appalachian Plateau is coal mining. Here we see miners in the mine in 1901.

82 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b The major industry of the Appalachian Plateau is coal mining. Inside a coal mine today, a miner checks a roof for safety. Why are mines still very dangerous today? Do you see any safety equipment?

83 SOL VS.2a, 2b, 2c, 10b Lets review the Appalachian Plateau: Plateau: an area of elevated (high) land that is flat on topPlateau: an area of elevated (high) land that is flat on top Plateau:Plateau: an area of elevated (high) land that is flat on top Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is located in VirginiaOnly a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is located in Virginia OnlyOnly a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is located in Virginia Located in southwest VirginiaLocated in southwest Virginia LocatedLocated in southwest Virginia Product: coalProduct: coal Product:Product: coal Industry: coal miningIndustry: coal mining Industry:Industry: coal mining

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