Presentation on theme: "Mountain View Elementary School Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801"— Presentation transcript:
1Mountain View Elementary School Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801 13 ColoniesMountain View Elementary SchoolHarrisonburg, Virginia 22801
2The New England Colonies Massachusetts (Maine)New HampshireMassachusettsConnecticutRhode IslandPicture Credit:
3Reasons for coming to the USA. Some people didn’t like the Church of England.They wanted the Church to be more pure. These people were called Puritans.They decided to start a colony in the North East part of the USA.
4Settling in Massachusetts John Winthrop was the leader of the Puritans.Massachusetts means at or near the great hill in Algonkian, Native American language.The colony’s first settlement was Boston along the Charles River.Picture Credit:
5Colonial LifeMassachusetts and Connecticut had laws saying that if there were 50 families, a teacher needed to be hired and a school setup.These schools were called grammar or writing schools.Picture Credit:
6Schools Boys went to grammar schools while girls went to dame school. There was no chalkboards, maps, or paper.School teachers were strict and were allowed to hit their students or make them wear a dunce hat.
7Thomas HookerHe left Massachusetts to live in Connecticut because he didn’t like the way the Puritans lived.IN 1639,Connecticut had the FIRST WRITTEN LAWS IN NORTH AMERICA.
8Roger WilliamsRoger Williams believed you should tolerate other people’s beliefs in God.He left Massachusetts and started a colony, Providence.Picture Credit: history/0003.html
9Anne HutchinsonAnne Hutchinson was a woman who believed you could go directly to God so you could pray to God without going through a priest.She moved to Providence with Roger Williams and started the Rhode Island Colony.Picture Credit: features_hutchison.html
10Life in the ColoniesThe Puritans had their own laws for Courtship.
11Middle Colonies The Middle colonies included: NYThe Middle colonies included:New York (NY) , New Jersey (NJ) , Delaware (DE),and Pennsylvania (PA).PANJDEPicture Credit:
12ClimateGood farming land (grains) Livestock, rivers and hills. Harbors.Picture Credit: Lan_Farm_Trust.htm
13People Groups People came from Germany, Scotland & Ireland. -Quakers (plain living, peaceful, against slavery and dancing)-Germans (Pennsylvania Dutch, skilled workers and loved music).-Scotch-Irish farmed and hunted.Picture Credit: celtic.html
14Interesting Facts about Middle Colonies -Called Breadbasket of Colonial America. The farmers raised a surplus so they could sell.-Germans invented Pennsylvania rifle & Conestoga wagon.-Philadelphia means brotherly love.Picture Credit: nmah/carriage.htm
15William Penn-William Penn owned Pennsylvania and made it a place for religious freedom.Picture Credit:
16MDSouthern ColoniesVANCThe Southern Colonies included: Maryland (MD), Virginia (VA), North Carolina (NC), South Carolina (SC), and Georgia (GA).SCGA
17Southern Colonies Climate Rich land, plenty of rain & a long growing season. Coastal plains, swamps, forests, harbors.Picture Credit:cogent/gallery.htm
18People Groups -Maryland was a safe place for Roman Catholics. -South Carolina settled by French.-Georgia founded by Oglethorpe for new start for debtors in England.Picture Credit:bhand/usergroups.html
19Interesting Facts about Southern Colonies -Planters’ duties to see that crops were planted, records kept, took care of everyone.-Slavery was necessary for Southern plantation.The cash crop for Virginia was Tobacco.Picture Credit: website.htm