Presentation on theme: "Complex Sentences CX. Standard ELACC8L2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing."— Presentation transcript:
Standard ELACC8L2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a. Use punctuation (comma)
Complex A complex sentence is made from 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses. 1 ind + 1 dep= Complex Examples: 1. Because it is raining, we will not go outside after lunch. 2. I am not hungry since I had a big breakfast this morning.
Remember Dependent Clauses will start with a subordinating conjunction (After, Although, As Long As, As, As if, Because, Before, Even though, If, Since, Unless, Until, When, Where, While, etc.) OR Dependent Clauses will start with a Relative Pronoun (Who, Whom, Whose, That, Which, Whatever, whichever, whoever, whomever)
Review: Dependent vs. Independent Since it is hot, the ice cream will probably melt quickly. It is sunny, but it is raining. I am hungry because I skipped breakfast. We will go to McDonalds, and we will order Big Macs. We can go to the movies as long as it is okay with my parents.
Punctuation 1. If the dependent clause comes last, do NOT add a comma Example 1. The ducklings played in the puddles after the rain stopped.
Punctuation 2. If the dependent clause comes first, use a comma between the clauses. Example 1. Since it is sunny, we should have a picnic!
Punctuation 3. If the dependent clause interrupts the independent clause, surround it with commas Example: My dog, which is a collie, always plays nicely with little kids.
Simple vs. Compound vs. Complex Simple: It is cold and rainy. Compound: It is cold, and it is also rainy. Complex: Because it is cold and rainy, we will stay inside.
HINT CHART! StructureIndependentDependent Simple10 Compound2 or more0 Complex11 or more
Tell whether each is simple, compound, or complex 1.When I was little, I played with toy trucks. 2.Some of the trucks were red, and some of them were yellow. 3.The trucks had their own parking garage. 4.I hid the trucks because my sister liked to take them. 5.I would clean up my trucks after I finished playing with them.