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WORLD WAR I THE GREAT WAR THE WAR TO END ALL WARS THE WAR TO MAKE THE WORLD SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY.

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Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR I THE GREAT WAR THE WAR TO END ALL WARS THE WAR TO MAKE THE WORLD SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY."— Presentation transcript:

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2 WORLD WAR I THE GREAT WAR THE WAR TO END ALL WARS THE WAR TO MAKE THE WORLD SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY

3 MAP OF EUROPE 1914

4 4 MAIN CAUSES M ILITARISM A LLIANCES I MPERIALISM N ATIONALISM

5 MILITARISM INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ARMS RACE STRONG MILITARY = GREAT POWER ALL NATIONS HAVE STANDING ARMIES PATRIOTISM

6 ALL THE LONG YEARS OF MY REIGN, THE MONARCHS OF EUROPE HAVE PAID NO ATTENTION TO WHAT I HAVE TO SAY. SOON,WITH MY GREAT NAVY TO ENDORSE MY WORDS, THEY WILL BE MORE RESPECTFUL. KAISER WILHELM II

7 ALLIANCES MAKE PACTS (AGREEMENTS) TO AVOID WAR DUAL ALLIANCE LEADS TO TRIPLE ALLIANCE: GERMANY, AUSTRIA- HUNGARY AND THEN ITALY TRIPLE ENTENTE: BRITAIN, FRANCE & RUSSIA

8 CENTRAL POWERS: GERMANY AUSTRIA-HUNGARY OTTOMAN EMPIRE BULGARIA

9 ALLIED POWERS: GREAT BRITAIN FRANCE RUSSIA ITALY UNITED STATES ( )

10 IMPERIALISM COMPETITION FOR COLONIES = STRUGGLE FOR SURVIVAL COMPETITION BRINGS NATIONS TO BRINK OF WAR DESIRE FOR EMPIRE BRINGS MISTRUST AMONG NATIONS

11 NATIONALISM INDUSTRIALISM LEADS TO COMPETITION AMONG NATIONS LIKE GERMANY & BRITAIN

12 NATIONALISM DISPUTES OVER TERRITORY CAUSES PROBLEMS BETWEEN FRANCE & GERMANY OVER ALSACE-LORRAINE

13 NATIONALISM VARIOUS ETHNIC GROUPS IN THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE LIKE THE SERBS

14 OTHER PROBLEMS PAN-SLAVISM BALKAN POWDER KEG UNREALISTIC WORLD VIEW

15 PAN-SLAVISM PAN-SLAVISM: RUSSIAN- SPONSORED MOVEMENT TO UNITE ALL SLAVIC PEOPLE IN EUROPE RUSSIA WAS TO LEAD MOVEMENT AND PROTECT ALL SLAVS PAN-SLAVISM WAS A DIRECT THREAT TO THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE

16 THE BALKAN POWDER KEG HOME TO NUMEROUS ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS GROUPS

17 DECLINE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE MEANT MORE TROUBLE IN THE FUTURE NEW BALKAN NATIONS: GREECE, BULGARIA, ROMANIA, SERBIA & MONTENEGRO

18 SERBIA, WITH HELP OF RUSSIA, WILL CHALLENGE AUSTRIA FOR CONTROL IN THE BALKANS TENSION AND NATIONALISM WILL INCREASE GREATLY

19 UNREALISTIC WORLD VIEW EUROPEAN NATIONS BELIEVED TOO MUCH IN ALLIANCES EUROPEANS THOUGHT THE NEW WEAPONRY WOULD SOLVE ALL OF THEIR PROBLEMS DID NOT UNDERSTAND THE NEW WEAPONS AND THEIR CAPABILITIES

20 THE SPARK ASSASSINATION OF THE ARCHDUKE OF AUSTRIA, FRANCIS FERDINAND AND HIS WIFE 28 JUNE 1914 GAVRILO PRINCIP, A SERB AND A MEMBER OF THE BLACK HAND WAS RESPONSIBLE

21 THE SLIDE TOWARD WAR THE SUMMER OF 1914 AUSTRIA DEMANDED TO INVESTIGATE THE ASSASSINATION OF THE ARCHDUKE IN SERBIA OR ELSE!!

22 THE SLIDE TOWARD WAR THE SUMMER OF 1914 GERMANY ISSUED AUSTRIA THE BLANK CHECK OF SUPPORT

23 THE SLIDE TOWARD WAR THE SUMMER OF 1914 RUSSIA STOOD BY TO SUPPORT SERBIA, HER LONG-TIME ALLY

24 THE SLIDE RUSSIA NEEDED THE SUPPORT OF FRANCE FRANCE GAVE ITS SUPPORT TO RUSSIA TO PREVENT FIGHTING GERMANY ALONE IN THE FUTURE FRANCE ALSO LOOKED TO BRITAIN FOR SUPPORT

25 THE SLIDE RUSSIA MOBILIZED ITS ARMIES ON BOTH THE AUSTRIAN & GERMAN BORDERS

26 THE SLIDE GERMANY DEMANDED THAT THE RUSSIANS END THIS ACT OF WAR

27 THE SLIDE THE RUSSIANS REFUSED & GERMANY DECLARED WAR ON RUSSIA ON 1 AUGUST 1914

28 CONVINCED THAT FRANCE WOULD ENTER THE WAR, GERMANY DECLARED WAR AGAINST FRANCE ON 3 AUGUST 1914 THE SLIDE

29 ENGLAND FINALLY ENTERED THE WAR ON THE SIDE OF THE ALLIES ON 4 AUGUST 1914

30 THE WAR WEAPONS LIFE & DEATH IN THE TRENCHES WESTERN FRONT EASTERN FRONT COLLAPSE OF RUSSIA REST OF THE WORLD WAR ON THE SEAS

31 U.S ENTRY INTO WAR TOTAL WAR WAR PROPAGANDA COSTS OF WAR AFTERMATH OF WAR

32 JOKE TIME A HAM SANDWICH WALKS INTO A BAR. HES FEELING TIRED AND RUN DOWN, AND HES HAD A BAD DAY AT WORK. HE GOES UP TO THE BAR AND SAYS GIMME A DRINK. TO WHICH THE BARTENDER REPLIES, SORRY, WE DONT SERVE FOOD!

33 NEW WEAPONS OF DESTRUCTION MACHINE GUNS BATTLESHIPS POISON GAS TANKS AIRCRAFT SUBMARINES BIGGER ARTILLERY PIECES

34 MACHINE GUNS

35 GERMAN MAXIM GUN TEAM

36 BATTLESHIPS GERMAN BATTLESHIP FIRING

37 GAS SHELL EXPLODING

38 THE USE OF AIRCRAFT

39 BRITISH SOPWITH CAMEL

40 THE DREADED U-BOAT

41 GERMAN SUBMARINE OR U-BOAT

42 EFFECTS OF SUBMARINE WARFARE ALLIED MERCHANT SHIP SINKING AFTER BEING TORPEDOED

43 DROPPING DEPTH CHARGES ON THE GERMAN SUBMARINES IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC

44 AERIAL VIEW OF DEPTH CHARGES DROPPED ON A SUBMARINE

45 PATH OF A TORPEDO

46 A HIT!!!!

47 IT SINKS!

48 LARGE ARTILLERY NEW & EXCITING WAYS TO KILL MORE PEOPLE

49 GERMAN 240MM RAIL GUN

50 GERMAN RAIL GUN SHELL (240MM)

51 OPEN BREECH OF A 520MM GUN

52 KRUPP 420MM RAIL GUN

53 BEFORE

54 AFTER

55 AFTERMATH OF SHELLING

56 LIFE & DEATH IN THE TRENCHES

57 TRENCH SYSTEM MAP

58 The Trenches The opening weeks of fighting had given the false impression of a war of movement. At first the picture they presented on the long,congealed front was by no means uniform. The Germans packed troops into the front line with little immediate support beyond some machine-gun positions. In contrast, the British, in the low- lying, three-line system of front, support and reserve trenches linked by zig-zag communications trenches.

59 " I have seen sights which no man should ever see, sights which stay firmly in your mind for the rest of your life. Vivid images of my mates and comrades-in-arms, lying face down in the trenches with scores of rats scavenging their exposed flesh. I can see it as if it were yesterday, men clambering over the bodies to get out of the line of fire, limbs and torso entwined. Shell-shocked men wallowing in the blood-soaked mire they called home." MEMORY OF BRITISH VETERAN OF WWI

60 NO MANS LAND

61 WORLD WAR I ON THE WESTERN FRONT GERMAN MILITARY CREATED THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN FOR ATTACK ON FRANCE PLAN CALLED FOR STRONG NORTHERN & WEAK SOUTHERN ATTACK ON FRANCE THROUGH BELGIUM

62 PLAN WAS NOT FOLLOWED & THE NORTHERN ATTACK FAILED TO TAKE FRANCE ATTACK IN FRANCE GROUND TO HALT

63 WEAPONS OF THE DAY MADE IT NECESSARY TO DIG IN TO SURVIVE WAR BECOMES ONE OF ATTRITION

64 BY NOT KNOCKING FRANCE OUT & GAINING CONTROL OF THE PORTS ON THE COAST, THE GERMANS WERE GUARANTEED TO CONTINUE TO DEAL WITH THE BRITISH NAVY AND LATER, THE AMERICANS

65 COSTLY BATTLES IN THE WEST VERDUN BEGUN BY THE GERMANS BATTLE LASTED SIX MONTHS (FEBRUARY-AUGUST 1916)

66 COSTLY BATTLES IN THE WEST CASUALTIES FOR BOTH SIDES WERE BETWEEN 330, ,000 MEN!! END RESULT WAS NO GAIN FOR GERMANS

67 THE SOMME BEGUN BY THE ALLIES BATTLE LASTED FROM JULY- OCTOBER 1916

68 WEEK-LONG ARTILLERY BOMBARDMENT FAILED TO WEAKEN GERMANS BRITISH LOST 60,000 MEN ON FIRST DAY!!!

69 IN A WEEK ALLIES ADVANCED 1 MILE & IN MONTH THEY ADVANCED 2 1/2 MILES BATTLE COST THE GERMANS 500,000 THE FRENCH 200,000, & THE BRITISH 400,000 MEN

70 BATTLE RESULTED IN NO GAINS FOR EITHER SIDE FIRST USE OF TANKS IN BATTLE

71 THE EASTERN FRONT IN WORLD WAR I RUSSIANS ATTACKED GERMANY AT THE VERY START & GERMANY COUNTER-ATTACKED & CRUSHED THE RUSSIANS WITH GERMAN HELP THE AUSTRIANS MANAGED TO DO THE SAME

72 GERMANS & AUSTRIANS CONTINUED TO BEAT ON RUSSIA

73 RUSSIANS LOST 2 MILLION MEN IN 1915 ALONE, BUT KEPT FIGHTING TO HELP THE RUSSIANS THE BRITISH OPENED UP A CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE TURKS AT GALLIPOLI. THIS FAILED MISERABLY

74 THE EASTERN FRONT RUSSIA SUFFERS GREATLY AND HAS TO PULL OUT OF WAR

75 COLLAPSE OF RUSSIA RUSSIAIN 1914 WAS NOT AN INDUSTRIALIZED NATION COULD NOT PRODUCE WAR MATERIALS ALLIES COULD NOT GET SUPPLIES THROUGH GERMAN U-BOATS IN THE NORTH OR THROUGH TURKISH- CONTROLLED BLACK SEA IN THE SOUTH

76 ABUSIVE CZARIST GOVT, WAR LOSSES, POOR ECONOMY AND RISING COMMUNIST MOVEMENT SPELLED THE END FOR RUSSIA GOVT OF V.I. LENIN IN RUSSIA SIGNED TREAY OF BREST- LITOVSK IN MARCH 1918

77 RUSSIA IS OUT OF WAR POLAND, BALTICS, UKRAINE & FINLAND ARE FREE GERMANY CAN FOCUS ITS ATTENTION ON FINISHING OFF THE FRENCH

78 WAR IN THE REST OF THE WORLD GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGN (1915) IN TURKEY THAT INVOLVES AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND TROOPS. DISASTEROUS FOR THE ALLIES

79 JAPANESE ATTACKED GERMAN COLONIES IN THE PACIFIC ENGLISH & FRENCH TROOPS ATTACKED GERMAN COLONIES IN AFRICA

80 INDIA PROVIDES MEN AND MATERIAL FOR THE BRITISH BRAZIL PROVIDES MEN AND SHIPS FOR ALLIED EFFORT

81 WAR ON THE SEAS GERMAN UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE

82 UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE DECLARED JANUARY 1917 A POLICY THAT DECLARED GERMANY WOULD SINK ANY SHIP WITHOUT WARNING GERMANY WAS BEING HURT BY BRITISH BLOCKADE AND WANTED TO RETALIATE

83 FROM FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL 1917 THE GERMANS SANK OVER 2 MILLIONS TONS OF SHIPPING BRITAIN WAS DOWN TO 6 WEEKS RESERVE OF FOOD SOMETHING HAD TO BE DONE

84 BACK TO THE WESTERN FRONT THE RACE TO SEE WHO WILL HAVE MORE IMPACT: GERMANY OR THE U.S.

85 U.S. ENTRY INTO THE WAR LUSITANIA SINKING (MAY 1915) UNRESTRICTED SUB WARFARE ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM ALLIED PROPAGANDA TAKING ADVANTAGE OF BRITISH & AMERICAN CULTURAL TIES

86 IMPORTANCE OF US ENTRY INTO WAR WITH RUSSIA OUT, GERMANY TURNED ITS ATTENTION TOWARD THE WEST

87 IMPORTANCE OF US ENTRY INTO WAR GERMANY LAUNCHED MASSIVE OFFENSIVE IN SPRING 1918 FRESH AMERICAN TROOPS POURED INTO THE FIGHT AND TURNED THE GERMANS BACK

88 ALLIED COUNTERATTACK, LED BY AMERICAN TROOPS, WAS MORE THAN THE GERMANS COULD HANDLE

89 KAISER ABDICATES THRONE ON 9 NOVEMBER 1918 GERMANS SIGNED ARMISTICE 11 NOVEMBER 1918 AT 11.00AM

90 WAR PROPAGANDA

91 WORLD WAR I AS A TOTAL WAR WHAT DID THIS MEAN FOR THE PEOPLE AT HOME?

92 TOTAL WAR NATIONS DEVOTED ALL OF THEIR RESOURCES TO FIGHTING AND WINNING THE WAR

93 TOTAL WAR ECONOMY IN EUROPEAN NATIONS WAS CONTROLLED BY THE GOVT FOR THE WAR EFFORT CONSUMER GOODS WERE NOT PRODUCED AND FOOD PRODUCTS ESPECIALLY WERE RATIONED

94 GOVTS MAINTAINED CLOSE CONTROL OF FREE SPEECH WOMEN WENT TO WORK IN LARGE NUMBERS IN WAR FACTORIES

95 TRADITIONAL VIEWS OF WOMEN WILL BE GREATLY SHAKEN AS A RESULT UNEMPLOYMENT DROPPED TREMENDOUSLY

96 A NOT-SO-RECENTLY DECEASED SOLDIER IN A TRENCH

97 VICTIM OF TOTAL WAR

98 THE COST OF THE WAR


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