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BELL RINGER 1)Who was George Danton? 2)Who was Maximilien Robespierre? 3)What was the Reign of Terror? 4)How did Napoleon come to power?

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Presentation on theme: "BELL RINGER 1)Who was George Danton? 2)Who was Maximilien Robespierre? 3)What was the Reign of Terror? 4)How did Napoleon come to power?"— Presentation transcript:

1 BELL RINGER 1)Who was George Danton? 2)Who was Maximilien Robespierre? 3)What was the Reign of Terror? 4)How did Napoleon come to power?

2 Chapter 11 The Rise of Napoleon

3 Rise of Napoleon

4 Napoleon Bonaparte dominated European history from 1799 to Born in 1769 on the island of Corsica. Where?

5 He was self educated in philosophy and great military campaigns. At the age of 25, he became brigadier general. He won a series of victories in Italy. Napoleon

6 He returned to France as a conquering hero. By 1799 he was in Paris. Guess what? he took part in the coup detat to overthrow the Govt.

7 Held absolute power First Consul New Govt consulate Consul for life Emperor Napoleon I

8 Napoleons Domestic Policies Napoleon made an agreement with the pope to recognize Catholicism as the religion of France. Most famous achievement: codifying French laws. Before - France had up to 300 separate legal systems.

9 Civil Code (Napoleonic Code) Equality before the law Choose a profession Religious tolerance Ended serfdom and feudalism Outlawed unions and strikes

10 Napoleons Empire Napoleon's conquest began after he reached power. Between 1805 and 1807, Napoleons Grand Army defeated the Austrian, Russian, and Prussian Armies.

11 Grand Empire had three parts: French Empire Dependent States Allied States France Napoleons relatives: Spain, Holland, Italy, and the Grand Duchy of Warsaw. Defeated forces: Prussia, Austria, Russia, and Sweden.

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13 European Response Two causes of the quick collapse of Napoleons Empire Survival of Great Britain. Nationalism

14 Britain survived by its sea power. Nationalism became more prevalent Napoleons presence in many European countries. Nationalism: the cultural identity of people based on common language, religion, and national symbols. French nationalism showed other countries what a nation in arms could do.

15 Fall of Napoleon Napoleons fall began with his invasion of Russia. In 1812, the Grand Army of over 600,000 men entered Russia. What happened to his men? Thats correct!!!! They froze

16 Burrrrrrrrrrrrrr! Napoleon's tour of Russia!!!!!!!!!

17 Russians would not fight but they kept retreating. In their retreat they burned villages, and even Moscow. They tried to slow Frances advance by denying them food and supplies. When Napoleon finally made it to Moscow, it was deserted.

18 Great Retreat Napoleon had to turn around march back to Europe {Poland}. Before the March: 600,000 men. When he made it to Poland: 40,000 men. Napoleon lost 560,000 men

19 Napoleons collapse Other European countries rose to fight the battered French army. Paris was captured in 1814 and Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba. His Home

20 Louis XVIII (Louis XVIs brother) was restored. Bourbon monarchy is back on the throne. The King had little power. Napoleon escaped

21 Battle of Waterloo

22 European powers met Napoleon at Waterloo in Belgium in Napoleon was defeated by Duke of Wellington –{He had a combined British and Prussian army}. He was exiled to St. Helena, a small island in the south Atlantic. Napoleon's power was ended.

23 Island of St. Helena

24 Review How did Napoleon come to power? What was some of his domestic policies? How did Napoleon lose so much power? How was Napoleon finally defeated?


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