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The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

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1 The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet
William Shakespeare

2 DIALOGUE The conversation between characters
Provides the substance of a play Can further the plot Provide clues about character or theme (indirect characterization) Heighten the overall dramatic effect

3 STAGE DIRECTIONS The written instructions that explain how to perform a play Stage directions contain crucial information that will help you visualize the action Includes how the characters should look, speak, move, and behave Stage directions can also specify details of the setting and scenery Usually written in italics & within parentheses

4 Structure

5 Prologue Establishes the setting Introduces main characters
Explains background Introduces character’s main conflict Spoken by the chorus

6 Chorus During the Elizabethan era in England, the chorus was portrayed by one actor Spoke the prologue and epilogue to the play Spoke directly to the audience

7 Exposition Establishes the setting and the characters
Introduces the conflict

8 Rising Action Consists of a series of complications
These occur as the main characters take action to resolve their problems

9 Crisis Turning point Moment when a choice is made by the main character Determines the direction of the action Dramatic and tense moment when the forces of conflict come together

10 Falling Action Presents events that result from the action taken at the turning point Usually lock the characters deeper and deeper into disaster

11 Climax Occurs at the end of the play
Usually ends in tragedy with the death of the main characters Play ends with the resolution immediately follows & ties up the loose ends of the play

12 Tragedy A play in which the main character suffers a downfall
In most tragedies, the main characters are in some ways responsible for their downfall Tragic hero Tragic Flaw

13 Aristotle’s Six Elements of Tragedy
Plot Diction/Language/Dialogue Music/Rhythm Theme Spectacle Character

14 Elements of Tragedy: Plot
Plot: what happens in a play

15 Elements of Tragedy Diction/Language/Dialogue
The playwrights’ word choices and the actor’s enunciation while delivering the lines

16 Elements of Tragedy Music/Rhythm
Not music as we think of it, but rather the sound, rhythm, and melody of the speeches

17 Elements of Tragedy Theme:
What a play means, as opposed to what happens

18 Elements of Tragedy Spectacle
the scenery, costumes, and special effects in a play

19 Elements of Tragedy Character The person an actor represents in a play

20 Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is based on a long narrative poem by Arthur Brooke Published in 1562 Based on popular Italian stories

21 Romeo and Juliet Romeo was a very young man
Juliet was a 14-year-old girl They fall in love at first sight Caught up in an idealized, almost unreal, passionate love In-love with love

22 Star-crossed lovers Shakespeare presents Romeo and Juliet as “star-crossed lovers” Doomed to disaster by fate In Shakespeare’s time, they believed in astrology (Zodiac signs)

23 Fate More than mere victims of fate
Romeo and Juliet make decisions that lead to their disaster

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