Presentation on theme: "Bellringer #1 8/15/11 (copy the stuff below) All bellringers must include the date, the number, the question, and the answer. You will have 4 minutes from."— Presentation transcript:
Bellringer #1 8/15/11 (copy the stuff below) All bellringers must include the date, the number, the question, and the answer. You will have 4 minutes from the tardy bell to complete bellringer If you are absent, you are still responsible for missed bellringer.
List 3 things you see in this cartoon.
Imperialism Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations; economically, politically, culturally, and militarilyStronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations; economically, politically, culturally, and militarily
Imperialism Why or Why Not?
Pro-Imperialism Offers new frontier for the American imagination and spirit Anglo-Saxon Superiority Celebrates American ideals and goals Important for expanding economic, military, and cultural interests abroad Important for the U.S. to protect itself and remain strong in world affairs
Anti-Imperialism Rejects the foundation of American ideals and democracy The Constitution must follow the flag Allows the entrance of too many people with different ethnic and racial backgrounds into this country Economic arguments Need to take care of U.S. responsibilities first
Bellringer #2 8/16/11 What is imperialism? If you had to choose to be for or against imperialism, what would you choose and why? (use facts/examples)
Chapter 17 Section 1 The Imperialistic Vision
What was going on in the U.S.? After the Civil War Americans were focused on 3 things –Reconstructing the South –Build up the nations industries –Settle the West * Americans gradually began looking to make themselves a world power
Why Europeans became imperialistic Economic Factors Nationalistic Factors Military Factors Humanitarian Factors
Why Americans became Imperialistic
Senator Albert J. Beveridge We are raising more than we can consume, we are making more than we can use, Therefore we must find new markets for our produce, new occupation for our capital, new work for our labor
In other words…… More markets More raw materials Political influence in countries
Social Darwinism and Imperialism ONLY THE STRONG NATIONS WOULD SURVIVE!!!!!!!!
Anglo-Saxonism Idea that English speaking nations had superior character, ideas and systems of government and were destined to dominate the planet The White Mans Burden
TAKE UP THE WHITE MANS BURDEN SEND FORTH THE BEST YE BREED GO, BIND YOUR SON TO EXILE TO SERVE YOUR CAPTIVES NEED; TO WAIT, IN HEAVY HARNESS, ON FLUTTERED FOLK AND WILD YOUR NEW-CAUGHT SULLEN PEOPLES, HALF DEVIL AND HALF CHILD…. Rudyard Kipling, 1899 TAKE UP THE WHITE MANS BURDEN SEND FORTH THE BEST YE BREED GO, BIND YOUR SON TO EXILE TO SERVE YOUR CAPTIVES NEED; TO WAIT, IN HEAVY HARNESS, ON FLUTTERED FOLK AND WILD YOUR NEW-CAUGHT SULLEN PEOPLES, HALF DEVIL AND HALF CHILD…. Rudyard Kipling, 1899
Manifest Destiny Idea that the U.S. was destined to expand west to the Pacific Ocean –Louisiana Purchase –Alaska –Closing of the Frontier
Sewards Folly: 1867 $7.2 million
Manifest Destiny Now where to go? Destiny to expand overseas!Now where to go? Destiny to expand overseas!
Bellringer #3 8/17/11 What is Anglo-Saxonism? How did this idea feed imperialism? Explain.
Japan Japanese rulers feared contact with the West Would destroy culture Only allowed Dutch and Chinese to trade Why did we want them to like us?
Commodore Matthew Perry Trade agreement signed in 1854
Hawaii Why would we want it?
How did we get it?
Started with missionaries Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s
Sugarcane Led Hawaii to be dependent on the United States US received Pearl Harbor Also going to lead to tensions between Hawaiians and US planters
Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii for the Hawaiians!
Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898
Military Crisis In Latin America 1891: Chile 1893: Brazil 1895:Venezuela
Alfred T. Mahan Argued for a stronger navy Senators Henry Cabot Lodge and Albert J. Beveridge supported extending our navy as well By 1907 US had 2nd largest Navy in the world!
Section 1 quiz 1.Who was the navy guy that sailed 4 ships into Tokyo Bay? 2. What crop grew well in Hawaii that let to a dependence of Hawaii on the U.S.? 3.What does Sewards Folly refer to?
Bellringer #4 8/18/11 Why did we want Hawaii? Explain how we originally got involved with Hawaii and how it eventually led to annexation.
Chapter 17 Section 2 The Spanish-American War
Cuba One of Spains oldest colonies Sugarcane was a huge industry Slavery not abolished until 1886
José Marti- Cuban rebel unsuccessful revolt fled to US to gain support, buy weapons and supplies launched new revolt in 1895
McKinley wants to remain neutral I have been through one war. I have seen the dead piled up; I dont want to see another
Why did the U.S. lean toward helping rebels? Petitions Destruction of U.S. plantations and sugar mills Sympathy for the Cuban people Strategic entrance to the Gulf
Yellow Journalism & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederick Remington: You furnish the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
Was there truth behind stories?
Valeriano Weylers Reconcentration Policy
McKinley tries to negotiate a peace Spain removes Weyler from power, grants limited self-rule to Cubans Cuban rebels rejected this, Spanish loyalists in Cuba angry with Spain: Riots break out in Havana McKinley sends battleship Maine to Havana harbor in case Americans need to be removed.
De Lôme Letter Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party.
Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration. Imperialist and American nationalist. Criticized President McKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair! McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war
April 20- US Declares war on Spain Passes Teller Amendment: assures American public we do not want Cuba
The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War The Spanish-American War (1898): That Splendid Little War 1 St Attack was in the Philippines
Dewey Captures Manila!
Emilio Aguinaldo L eader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946: Philippine independence
CUBA American troops were poorly trained, camps unsanitary… more died of disease than actual combat
The Rough Riders
Attacked San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill in July African America units 9th and 10th Calvary charged with Rough Riders. July 3, Spanish Ships destroyed in Caribbean, war is all but over August 12, 1898: US and Spain agree to a cease fire
The Treaty of Paris: 1898 War lasted 113 days 400 Americans died in combat Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam. The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines. The U. S. becomes an imperial power!
Philippines US Govt saw advantages in keeping these islands Filipino people had fought with US against Spain for independence: now told they were unfit for self-government 3 year war follows General Arthur MacArthur sets up re- concentration camps –1000s die from disease and starvation
William H. Taft, 1st Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator.
Puerto Rico Foraker Act: made PR an unincorporated territory –Not citizens –No constitutional rights –Congress could pass any laws it wanted
Cuba US sets up military govt, set up school system, restored economic stability, drafted a constitution (1900) Platt Amendment: –Cuba could not make any treaties with other nations w/o US approval –Cuba had to allow US naval bases US could interfere whenever necessary
Bellringer #5 8/19/11 What was the nickname for the Spanish American War? Why was it given this nickname?
Chapter 17 Section 3 New American Diplomacy
Election of 1900 McKinley/Roosevelt win Sept 6, 1901 McKinley assassinated: TR becomes President! Age 42: youngest president ever! Determined to make the US a world power- a duty to shape the less civilized corners of the earth
Cartoon 2 1.Who is in the ship? 2.What is he holding? 3.Where is he? 4.What do you think it means?
Speak Softly, But Carry a Big Stick!
China and the Open Door Policy
The Boxer Rebellion: 1900 The Peaceful Harmonious Fists. 55 Days at Peking.
The Open Door Policy Secretary John Hay. Give all nations equal access to trade in China. Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by any one foreign power.
The Open Door Policy
Russo-Japanese War Japan growing in industrial power, needs to expand Russia needs warm water port on the Pacific fight over Korea TR negotiates peace: –Feared this war would interfere with Open Door Policy in China –Japan takes Korea, Russia withdraws –TR won a Nobel Peace Prize
Great White Fleet
Panama Canal Shorter route from Atlantic to Pacific Columbia owned this Territory! Willing to rent the land: 1881: French tried to build 1st: malaria, yellow fever, mismanagement, France almost bankrupt- gave up in : Secretary of State Hay offered Columbia $10 million and a yearly rent of $250,000 for right to build canal. Columbia refused.
Roosevelt encourages a Panamanian Revolt Nov 3, 1903, with US warships waiting offshore, Panamanians rose up against Columbia. In less than two weeks was independent
US recognized Panamas independence Had to pay Columbia $25 million for illegal seizure of land US got 10 mile wide strip of land to build canal Paid Panama $10 Million –No Panamanian ever agreed to this!
Panama Canal TR in Panama (Construction begins in 1904)
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905 Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power power.
Tafts Dollar Diplomacy Improve financial opportunities for American businesses. Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote Americas commercial interests.
DOLLAR DIPLOMACY Who?President William H. Taft Target:Latin America, Caribbean & Asia Rationale: –US relies on loans & investments to settle regions –Favors $$ but would use military to stabilize nations