Presentation on theme: "Chapter 29 The Civil Rights Movement"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 29 The Civil Rights Movement Section 1The Movement Begins
2The Origins of the Movement 1896 – Plessy v. Ferguson – established a separate-but-equal doctrine.Became known as Jim Crow laws in the South.North – de facto segregation – seg. By custom and tradition.
5Origins ctd…National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) supported cases trying to overturn segregation.A.A. gained political power in the North, where they could vote.Resulted in a strong Democratic Party.1942 – Chicago – Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) used sit-ins to protest.
6Thurgood Marshall Chief counsel for the NAACP. 1954 – Brown v. Board of Ed of Topeka KansasCase ruled seg. was unconstitutional and violated the 14th amendment.
7The Movement BeginsRosa Parks agreed to challenge segregation in court.Women’s Political Council led A.A. in a boycott of the Montgomery bus system.Mont. Improvement Association led the boycott & was headed by MLK Jr.Boycott ctd. for over a year, Dec 1956, law was ruled unconstitutional.
10African American Churches Churches played a key role in the boycott.Place for forums, planning meetings, and organizing volunteers.Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), led by MLK, Jr. challenged seg. In public transportations, housing, voting, & public accommodations.
11Eisenhower and Civil Rights Became the 1st pres. Since Reconstruction to send troops to the South to protect A.A. constitutional rights.
12Crisis in Little RockGov. ordered the Ark. National Guard to prevent A.A. students from entering the Little Rock high school.Eisenhower demanded the troops be removed.Gov. removed the troops, but left the school to the angry mob.2 A.A. reporters were beaten and many windows of the school were broken.
13Crisis ctd…Eisenhower ordered the Army to surround the school, and students escorted into the building.Troops remained for the entire year.