Presentation on theme: "Chapter 24 A World In Flames"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 24 A World In Flames Section 1America and the World
2The Rise of DictatorsThe treaty that ended WWI and the economic depression that followed contributed to the rise of dictatorships in Europe and Asia.
3Italy 1st major dictatorship in Europe 1919 Benito Mussolini founded Italy’s Fascist Party. (anti-communist)Fascism = aggressive nationalismThey believe the nation is more important than the individual, and that a nation became great by expanding its territory and building its military.
5USSR1917 – Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, set up Communist gov’t throughout the Russian empire.Renamed Union of Soviet Socialist Republic.One-party rule
6USSR 1926 – Joseph Stalin became the new dictator. 1927 – began to industrialize the country.Millions who resisted were killed.
7Germany New parties rose in Germany. Nazi Party was anti-communist and nationalistic.Adolf Hitler, called for unification under one gov’t.
8GermanyBelieved Germans were part of a “master race” destined to rule the world.Felt Jews were responsible for the worlds problems.1933 Hitler appointed Prime Minister.
9GermanyStorm Troopers intimidated voters into giving Hitler dictorial powers.
10JapanMany Japanese wanted to seize territory to gain needed resources.1931- w/o permission, the army invaded Manchuria.Military took control of Japan.
11America Turns to Neutrality The Nye Committee documented the huge profits that arms factories had made during the war.People believed this influenced America into war.Americans began to support isolationism.
12Legislating Neutrality Neutrality Act of 1935 – made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war.Neutrality Act of 1937 – ctd. the ban and required nonmilitary supplies from the U.S. on a “cash and carry” basis.
13Rome-Berlin AxisAfter the Spanish Civil War began in 1936, Hitler and Mussolini signed an agreement pledging to cooperate on several issues.
14These 3 countries became known as the AXIS POWERS Anti-Comintern PactThe following month Japan aligned itself with Germany and Italy.Pact required the 2 countries to exchange info about Communist groups.These 3 countries became known as the AXIS POWERS
15FDR & Internationalism FDR supported internationalism – trade b/w nations creates prosperity and helps prevent war.
16Japan Goes to War 1937 – Japan launched a full scale attack on China. Roosevelt authorized the sale of weapons to China, saying that the Neutrality Act of 1937 did not apply, since neither side actually declared war.
17Next: Section 2 World War II Begins End of Section 1Next: Section 2World War II Begins