Middle Colonies What: Colonies that later become New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware When: mid-1600s Significance: The various nationalities that settled this region bring diversity to America
Southern Colonies What: Colonies that later become Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia When: early 1600s – early 1700s Significance: The colonies help our nation develop agriculturally
Restoration Colonies 1. Describe the development of the Carolinas, New York, and New Jersey.
I. Restoration Colonies A. New York 1. Hudson and Dutch claim it in 1614 – New Netherlands 2. Difficulties growing a. 1646 – 1500 compared to 25,000 in NE 3. To increase size, Dutch open colony a. 10,000 from all over Europe b. Led to diversity and tolerance
I. Restoration Colonies 4. King Charles II (Eng) wants to close gap between NE and Chesapeake a. Sends brother James (Duke of York) b. Four naval ships take over colony c. Treat Stuyvesant and Dutch well d. Renamed New York
I. Restoration Colonies B. New Jersey 1. NY too large to manage 2. James divides southern part a. George Carteret and John Berkeley received land 3. To attract settlers – offer... a. land b. religious freedom c. rep assembly
I. Restoration Colonies 4. Carteret and Berkeley sold land a. Land changed hands a lot and property lines were inaccurate b. King joins land – makes New Jersey in 1702
I. Restoration Colonies C. The Carolinas 1. Charles II gives land to eight proprietors in 1663 a. Reward for regaining throne b. Land developed differently 2. South a. This was their true interest b. Barbados planters come to grow sugarcane
I. Restoration Colonies c. Sugarcane wont grow, so they grow rice and use slaves d. Main city was Charles Town 3. North a. Develops very slowly i. Not good for transportation ii. Coast not suited for shipping b. Eventually many small tobacco plantations are settled
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