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Living Things and Viruses Jeopardy Test Review Game
Name the two basic parts of a virus.
protein coat and inner core
What is a virus?
tiny, non-living particle that invades a cell and multiplies
How is a virus like a parasite?
It needs a host to reproduce.
What is in the inner core of a virus?
What is the best treatment for a virus?
bed rest and plenty of fluids
How are bacteria classified?
____________ bacteria obtain food by consuming autotrophs and heterotrophs.
Genetic material is passed from one bacterium to another across a thread-like bridge during _____________.
During _______ ______ a parent cell copies its genetic material and splits in half to create 2 new cells that look exactly like the parent cell.
Name 4 ways that bacteria move.
flagellum, water, air, other organisms, and other objects
A protist is classified as a __________.
Animal-like protists are commonly called _______.
What are plant-like protists commonly called?
What animal-like characteristic does a euglena have? HINT: food source
They can be heterotrophs.
What plant-like characteristic does a euglena have? HINT: food source
They can be autotrophs.
What do fungi have in common with animals?
They are heterotrophs.
Fungi are classified as __________?
How do fungi reproduce?
spores or budding
How is a fungus like a plant?
It has a cell wall.
Who discovered penicillin?
What does the word protozoan literally mean?
What does the word pseudopod literally mean?
What is the difference between an active virus and a hidden virus?
An active virus takes over a cell immediately and begins to multiply. A hidden virus becomes part of the cell for quite a while before it begins to multiply.
What characteristic do all plant-like protists share?
They are autotrophs.
What is a prokaryote?
An organism that does not have a nucleus.
MORE VIRUS MORE BACTERIA MORE PROTIST MORE FUNGUS MORE MISC
Why doesnt the doctor prescribe an antibiotic for a viral infection?
An antibiotic cannot destroy the outer protein coat of a virus.
What directly provides energy for a virus?
How does a virus move?
air, food, water, or contact with a contaminated person or object
Why are viruses considered non-living particles?
They do not show all the characteristics of living things.
Name a common virus.
chicken pox, common cold, influenza (flu)
A bacteria is classified as a(n)_________ because it _________ have a nucleus.
A bacteria is classified as a prokaryote because it does not have a nucleus.
Name a common bacterial infection.
strep throat or staph infection
What process results in bacteria that are genetically different?
Name two shapes of bacteria.
spherical, rod-like, or spiral
What determines the shape of a bacterial cell?
the make up of the cell wall
What structure allows an amoeba to move?
What structure allows a paramecium to move?
What structure allows a euglena to move?
An amoeba is considered a(n) __________ protist. a. animal-like b. plant-like c. fungus-like
A euglena is considered a(n) _________ protist. a. animal-like b. plant-like c. fungus-like
Name one example of a parasitic fungus.
Dutch Elm Disease or Athletes Foot
How did Alexander Fleming discover penicillin?
He accidentally allowed a blue-green mold to grow in a petri dish with the staphylococcus he was studying.
Do fungi reproduce sexually, asexually, or both?
How does a fungus move?
It relies on air currents or other organisms.
What is the food source for fungi?
Fungi are heterotrophs. They rely on other organisms for energy.
What type of reproduction produces organisms that are different from either parent?
What type of reproduction in bacteria starts with 2 cells and ends with 2 cells?
What type of reproduction in bacterial cells starts with 1 cell and ends with 2 cells?
What type of reproduction in fungi leads to more diverse genes?
Name the three protists that we disucssed in class and tell how each one moves.
parameciumcilia amoebapseudopods euglena--flagellum
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