Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2, Section 2 Egypts Old Kingdom. Old Kingdom Rulers Old Kingdom lasted from 2600 BC to 2300 BC. The Egyptian kings, pharaohs, lived with their."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 2, Section 2 Egypts Old Kingdom
Old Kingdom Rulers Old Kingdom lasted from 2600 BC to 2300 BC. The Egyptian kings, pharaohs, lived with their families in grand palaces. The pharaoh was an all-powerful ruler who guided Egypts every activity.
Old Kingdom Rulers Why did Egyptians willingly serve the pharaoh? – They believed the unity of the kingdom depended on a strong leader – They considered the pharaoh to be the son of Re, the Egyptian sun god
Old Kingdom Rulers Whenever he appeared in public, people played music on flutes & cymbals. Bystanders long the road had to bow down and smell the earth.
Old Kingdom Rulers Egyptians thought their pharaoh was a god on earth who controlled Egypts welfare.
Egypts Religion Egyptians worshipped many deities, or gods and goddesses. The Egyptians believed these deities controlled the forces of nature and human activities.
Egypts Religion Egyptian Gods: 1.Re – Sun God 2.Hapi – ruled the Nile River 3.Isis – goddess who represented the loyal wife & mother; she ruled over the dead with her husband Osiris
Egypts Religion The Egyptians believed that life in the in the next world would be better than on Earth. For centuries, Egyptians believed that only the pharaohs could enjoy the afterlife. They thought the pharaoh needed a body to make the journey to the afterlife.
Egypts Religion To protect the pharaohs body, the Egyptians used embalming. – Priests removed the bodys organs – Salt applied to body & body stored to dry – Body filled with perfumes & spices & stitched up – Body cleaned with oils & tightly wrapped with linen – The wrapped body was now a mummy – It was placed inside many wooden coffins – Ready to placed in a tomb
Egypts Medicine Skilled at sewing cuts and setting broken bones Became the worlds first specialists in medicine Wrote the worlds first medical books on papyrus
The Pyramids The pyramids were tombs for the pharaohs. They were the size of city blocks. They also held items the pharaoh would need for the afterlife.
How the Pyramids Were Built Thousands of people Years to build Built during the Nile flooding season Sits on a square base facing the north Had a number system based on 10 Created fractions Artisans used tools to cut stone into blocks Pulled the blocks over paved roads of logs
How the Pyramids Were Built Loaded the stones onto barges on the Nile Had ramps to push/pull to set the stones in place
The Great Pyramid About 2540 B.C. the grandest of pyramids was built. It is 10 miles from Cairo. This pyramid was built for King Khufu & is still standing in Giza on the west bank of the Nile.
The Great Pyramid It covers an area the size of 9 football fields. Contains 2 million stone blocks.