Causes of War One Purpose, One Nation, One Leader? The National Socialist German Workers Party? The United States focuses on Domestic issues? Great Britain and France give into Germany? Why? The Axis powers want to conquer new territories? Allies step in?
Answers Fascism under Benito Mussolini The Nazi Party, Nationalism within Germany rises Isolationism Appeasement, still rebuilding from WW1 Expansionism Britain and France aid Poland
Germany takes Europe! April and May of 1940 –Germany attacks Denmark and Norway successfully. Followed by attacks on the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg. –The German army quickly defeats Luxemburg in a day, Netherlands in five days, and Belgium in 3 weeks. June 1940 –France Falls to Germany leaving only Britain.
The Battle of Britain Who, What, When, Where, Why?
Answers Who – Germany and Britain What – Germany invades Britain, by air, across the English Channel When – Late summer and early fall of 1940 Where – Great Britain Germany? Why - Britain stood in the way of Germany's complete domination of the continent
Answers The Selective Training and Service Act –men age 21 to 30 registered for the draft, prior to direct involvement –men age 18 to 65 after entering the war Tripartite Pact –Pact between Japan, Germany, and Italy Destroyer for Bases –In exchange for 50 World War I destroyers, Britain gave the United States a 99 year lease to establish Military Bases on British Possessions in the Western Hemisphere Atlantic Charter –August 1941, Established a vision for a post-World War II world Lend-Lease Act –It provided that President Roosevelt could ship weapons, food, or equipment to any country whose struggle against the Axis powers Japanese Assets Frozen –Prior to Pearl Harbor on July 25 th, 1941. Attempting to stop Japanese from expanding further
War in the Pacific Major battles? Who won these battles?
Answers Battle of the Coral Sea –1st strategic defeat of the Japanese Imperial Navy, fought entirely by aircraft Battle of Midway –Japanese attempt to cripple American fleet, last offensive operation by Japan, Allied victory Battle of Guadalcanal –Allies go on offensive, conquered 1 st piece of Japanese held territory Battle of Leyte Gulf –Allied victory, Japanese Navy destroyed Iwo Jima and Okinawa –Allied victory, Bloody battles 75,000 Americans killed
Two Front War Germany begins attacking Britain and? –Throughout WW2, this country has approximately 18 million deaths Major mistake by Hitler!
Answer Allied Invasion of Normandy, D-Day! –Started June 6 th, 1944 –Night maneuver –British Royal Air Force –Allied troops come ashore –Allies are attempting to retake Europe! Were they successful?
U.S. General ??? Used what strategy to retake Europe? Helped liberate which country? Successfully contests which countries borders? 1. Blitzkrieg 2. France 3. Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, and Germany