Presentation on theme: "The Roaring Twenties Ch. 20 & 21. Immigration Laws Keep America American 1921- Emergency Quota Act- limited immigration 1924- National Origins Act- made."— Presentation transcript:
The Roaring Twenties Ch. 20 & 21
Immigration Laws Keep America American 1921- Emergency Quota Act- limited immigration 1924- National Origins Act- made immigrant restriction a permanent policy –Due to these acts, Mexican immigration was in record numbers
A Clash of Values Sacco-Vanzetti Case- two Italian immigrants accused of murder, claimed they were innocent (many said they were convicted just because they were immigrants). Both executed.
The KKK Ku Klux Klan –Targeted African Americans, Catholics, Jews, immigrants, & groups sharing un-American values –2 nd. Generation KKK 1915 by Wm. Simmons (a Methodist preacher!) Cross-burning, mob attacks, lynchings Declined in the 1920s (scandals & power struggles)
Womens Issues More single women working More women attended college Birth control (Margaret Sanger) Fashion changes: –bobbed hair –Flesh-colored stockings –Drank, smoke (in public!) –Zelda Fitgerald Zelda Margaret
The not so roaring Twenties Prohibition- 18 th. Amendment 1920 (outlawed alcohol- reduce unemployment, domestic violence, & poverty) –Led to bootlegging (illegal production of alcohol) speakeasies (secret bars) & organized crime –Al Capone- most successful & violent gangster of the era –1933- 21 st. Amendment- repealed the 18 th amendment
Culture Artists explored what it meant to be modern Greenwich Village & Chicagos South Side- where artists, writers, intellectuals went Hopper- revived realism
Poets T.S. Eliot –The Hollow Men (1925) contains some of Eliot's most famous lines, most notably its conclusion: This is the way the world ends Not with a bang but a whimper.
Writers Ernest Hemingway –A Farewell to Arms Considered by some critics to be the greatest war novel of all time, the novel is told through the point of view of Lieutenant Frederic Henry, an American serving as an ambulance driver in the Italian army during WWI. F. Scott Fitzgerald –The Great Gatsby –Although Nick Carraway idolized the riches and glamour of the age, he was uncomfortable with the unrestrained materialism and the lack of morality that went with it.
Mass Entertainment- Radio & Movies 1920- one of the 1 st. commercial radio broadcasts (station- KDKA) Radio- Amos n Andy- stories of two African American characters (played by white actors) The Jazz Singer (1927)- 1 st. talkie movie Mass media- helped unify the nation & spread the new ideas & attitudes of the time
Harlem Renaissance- rebirth of the African American arts Great Migration- movement of African Americans from the South to the North Writer- Langston Hughes –One of the most original & versatile writers of the H. R. –I, Too & The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Harlem Renaissance Jazz & Blues –Louis Armstrong- played trumpet & cornet (jazz- influenced by ragtime) –Duke Ellington- composer, pianist, bandleader (not your marching band!) (Mood Indigo) Got his start at the Cotton Club –W.C. Handy- Blues composer & musician (the Father of the Blues)
Harlem Renaissance in pictures
Presidents HardingCoolidge Return to normalcy (return to a normal life after WWI Enjoyed spending time with his Ohio Gang (friends) Teapot Dome Scandal Hardings Vice President Silent Cal- simple, frugal Prosperity rested on business leadership (govt. should interfere with business & industry as little as possible)
A Growing Economy Henry Ford –Assembly line –Model T Modern Day Assembly Line Fords Assembly Line
Airline Industry 1927- Charles Lindbergh (transatlantic solo flight) Amelia Earhart 1932- attempted to fly solo across the Atlantic
Alabama in the 1920s In a study- was among the worst states in the country on nearly every measure of its citizens quality of life –Education underfunded & ineffective –Illiteracy rates were high –Prison system mismanaged & corrupt –Tax system unfair & inadequate –Public health was widely ignored –State Services improved, the economy improved, the KKK returned, Alabamian contributions towards the Jazz Age, migration of African Americans out of Alabama (loss of culture in Alabama with African Americans leaving)