Presentation on theme: "PHRASES There will be a Phrases Quiz on Tuesday, November 5th. Add this somewhere to the top of your graphic organizer."— Presentation transcript:
1PHRASESThere will be a Phrases Quiz on Tuesday, November 5th. Add this somewhere to the top of your graphic organizer.
2What is a preposition?A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and another word in the sentence.
3What is a preposition? Examples: behind the tree beside the tree under the treein the treetoward the treepast the treeabove the treeinside the treealongside the tree
4(You should write that down on your graphic organizer somewhere.) What is a preposition?Your Writing Coach textbook lists prepositions on pages 346 and 347.(You should write that down on your graphic organizer somewhere.)
5What is a prepositional phrase? A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun called the object, and any modifiers of that object.Example: among the students
6Remember the “To” RuleIf “to” is followed by a noun or a pronoun, it is a preposition.Example: He went to the gala.If "to" is followed by a verb, it is an infinitive.Example: He went [to get] his date.
7Prepositions vs. Adverbs A preposition will have an object after it. An adverb will NOT!Which is which?(1) He sat inside the house.(2) He sat inside.
8Compound Prepositions A common compound preposition is made up of more than one preposition.Example: in front ofin addition toinstead of
9Guided Practice1. Lieutenant Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole (in 1909).2. Lieutenant Peary looked (for the North Pole) (for many years).3. Mathew Henson traveled (with him) (on every expedition) (except the first one).4. However, (for a long time), Henson received no credit (for his role).5. Peary had hired Henson (as his servant) (on a trip) (to Nicaragua).6. There, Peary discovered that Henson had sailing experience and could also chart a path (through the jungle).7. (As a result), Peary asked Henson to join his Arctic expedition.8. The two explorers became friends (during their travels) (in the North).9. (On the final push) (to the North Pole), Henson was the only other American who went (with Peary).10. Yet because Peary was leader of the expedition, he received all the credit (for the discovery).11. Finally, (after many years), Henson was honored (by Congress, Maryland’s state government, and two U.S. presidents).
10Adjective Phrases What is an adjective phrase? A prepositional phrase used as anadjective; it modifies a noun or apronoun.
11Adjective phrases answer TWO questions: 1. What kind? - People with bad tempers are unpleasant. (modifies noun)2. Which one? - My new boyfriend is the cute one on the stage. (modifies pronoun)
12The snow (on the grass) (in the meadow) has melted. Adjective PhrasesThey usually follow the word theymodify, which could be the object of aprepositional phraseThe snow (on the grass) (in the meadow) has melted.
13The students (at OMMS) (on the white team) are great. Adjective PhrasesThey may modify the same word.The students (at OMMS) (on the white team) are great.
14Guided Practice1. The boy (with the water bottle) plays basketball well.2. The girl (with the trumpet) gives us a headache.3. The Senior class (of 2003) is already planning a spectacular class trip.4. The key (to the car) is lost.5. A feeling (of excitement) pervades the school.6. The radio towers (with lightening rods) were visible as far as the eye could see.7. My friend (with short hair) came over after school.8. A crowd (of angry people) gathered outside the store.9. All the schools (in Shelby County) are great schools.10. That handsome young man is an employee (of my dad).
15Adverb Phrases What is an adverb phrase? A prepositional phrase used as an adverb; it modifies a verb,an adjective or another adverb
16Adverb Phrases They may be located anywhere in the sentence. The teacher spoke (to the student) (after class).(After class), the teacher spoke (to the student).
17Adverb phrases answer five questions: 1. How? - She accepted the invitation (with pleasure).2. When? - Father plays golf (on Saturday mornings).3. Where? - I dived (into the water).4. Why? - The men play golf (for exercise).5. To what extent? - Dad is older (by a year).
18Guided Practice 1. Josh left the game (at ten o'clock). 2. (On the mountain) stands a little cottage.3. Sally is courteous (in many ways).4. The boys were standing (on their hands).5. Julia does extra math problems (for practice).6. The film was made (in Spain).7. The parade moved (down the street).8. Is Kayla going (to the shopping center) (down the street)?9. Wesley took these pictures (with a panorama camera).10. A group from our school is going (to Washington).