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BIRD CLASSIFICATION. BIRDS Birds are classified as members of Class Aves. The major characteristics of this class are: Adaptations for flight Appendages.

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Presentation on theme: "BIRD CLASSIFICATION. BIRDS Birds are classified as members of Class Aves. The major characteristics of this class are: Adaptations for flight Appendages."— Presentation transcript:

1 BIRD CLASSIFICATION

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3 BIRDS Birds are classified as members of Class Aves. The major characteristics of this class are: Adaptations for flight Appendages modified as wings Feathers Endothermy High metabolic rate Vertebral column modified for flight Bones lightened by air spaces Bill No teeth

4 ORDER SPHENISCIFORMES Heavy body Flightless Flipperlike wings for swimming Well-insulated with fat Example: penguins

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6 ORDER STRUTHIONIFORMES Large and flightless Wings have many fluffy plumes Example: ostrich

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8 ORDER GAVIIFORMES Strong, straight bill Adapted for diving (legs far back on body, webbed feet, heavy bones). Example: Loons

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10 ORDER PODICIPEDIFORMES Short wings Soft and dense feathers Webbed feet with flattened nails Example: Grebes

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12 ORDER PROCELLARIIFORMES Tubular nostrils Large nasal glands Long and narrow wings Example: Albatross

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14 ORDER PELECANIFORMES 4 toes joined in common web Nostrils usually absent Large gular sac Examples: Pelicans, Boobies

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17 ORDER CICONIIFORMES Long neck, often folded in flight Long-legged waders Examples: Storks, Flamingos

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19 ORDER ANSERIFORMES Wide, flat bill Undercoat of dense down Webbed feet Examples: Ducks, Geese, Swans

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22 ORDER FALCONIFORMES Strong, hooked beak Large wings Raptor-like feet Examples: Falcons, Vultures, Hawks, Eagles

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26 ORDER GALLIFORMES Short beak Short, concave wings Strong feet and claws Examples: Quail, pheasants, turkeys

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29 ORDER GRUIFORMES Many different characteristics. Example: Crane

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31 ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES Many different characteristics. Examples: Shorebirds, Gulls

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33 ORDER COLUMBIFORMES Dense feathers loosely set in skin Well-developed crop Examples: Pigeons, Doves

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35 ORDER PSITTACIFORMES Jaw hinged to skull Thick tongue Reversible 4 th toe Usually brightly colored Examples: Parrots, Lories, Macaws

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39 ORDER CUCULIFORMES Reversible 4 th toe Soft, tender skin Examples: Roadrunners, Cuckoos

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42 ORDER STRIGIFORMES Large head with eyes directed forward Raptor-like foot Examples: Owls

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44 ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES Owl-like head and plumage Weak bill and feet Beak with wide gape Insectivore Examples: Whipporwills

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46 ORDER APODIFORMES Long wings Weak feet Examples: Hummingbirds

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48 ORDER CORACIIFORMES Large head Large beak Metallic plumage Examples: Kingfishers, Bee eaters

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50 ORDER PICIFORMES Usually long strong beak Strong legs and feet with fourth toe permanently reversed in woodpeckers Examples: Woodpeckers, Toucans

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52 ORDER PASSERIFORMES Largest avian order 69 families of perching birds Perching foot Varied external features Examples: Swallows, Larks, Crows, many others

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