Presentation on theme: "Sentence Correction This story from the misty regions of Englands past is about a hero. To save people, he faces the following violence, horror, and even."— Presentation transcript:
1Sentence CorrectionThis story from the misty regions of Englands past is about a hero. To save people, he faces the following violence, horror, and even death. The epics events take place in the distant past but this story still speaks to people today. Perhaps beowulf is interesting because their are still so many people in need of a hero, or rescuer. Beowulf is ancient englands hero.3 apostrophies, 2 capitalization, 1 colon, 1 comma, 1 underscore the title, 1 wrong word (their vs there)
2Sentence CorrectionThis story, from the misty regions of England’s past, is about a hero. To save people, he faces the following: violence, horror, and even death. The epic’s events take place in the distant past, but this story still speaks to people today. Perhaps Beowulf is interesting because there are still so many people in need of a hero, or rescuer. Beowulf is ancient England’s hero.3 apostrophies, 2 capitalization, 1 colon, 3 commas, 1 underscore the title, 1 wrong word (their vs there)
3Old English & Anglo-Saxons Take notes on the following terms: epic poem, epic hero, oldest English story, bard/scop, burden of the bards, kenning, alliteration, assonance, hyperbole, and animism.
4What do these stories have in common? The OdysseyThe IlliadGilgameshBeowulfThey are long, old stories with poetic lines that have regular meter and rhythm.The main characters are heroes with superhuman qualitiesThey have mythology: gods or godlike beingsThe action takes the route of journey or adventure and the outcome involves an entire race or country.Beowulf is to ancient England what The Odyssey and The Illiad are to ancient greece and what Gilgamesh is to _______
5Epic poem =A long narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society.Epic hero =The central figure in a long narrative that reflects the values and heroic ideas of a society.Who are today’s heroes? What qualities do they have? What values do they represent? What is the difference between Beowulf’s heroism and a hero today? (Beowulf tended to be more direct and confident, even conceded. Today’s heroes are often reserved or hidden: spiderman or superman. Or they are real heroes: police officers, firefighters, leaders of cummunity: MLK).
6Epic Heroes Who are our heroes? What qualities do they have? How can a hero reflect or show what values a culture has?
7Beowulf: The Oldest English Story Old English Middle English Modern EnglishpresentBeowulf Canterbury Tales Macbeth Frankensteincomposed in started inBeowulf, composed by scops or bards around the year 700 and written in Old English, is the oldest English story that we know of today.It was passed by word of mouth for approximately 300 years before it was finally written down by an unknown Christian scribe and poet around the year This forgotten poet is believed to have changed it from a story with pagan beliefs to one with Christian morals, the story we know today.Knowing the history of this story is important because Beowulf was a very different as an Anglo-Saxon oral tale compared to what it became after it was written down by a Christian scribe who changed it to teach moral lessons of faith in one God.This is why knowing history of a story can be important. Beowulf was a very different as an Anglo-Saxon oral tale compared to what it became after it was written down by Christian scribes who changed it to teach moral lessons of faith in one God.
8Bards a.k.a. ScopsOriginally, Anglo-Saxon stories were passed down orally by story tellers called bards or scops. These bards were important because their stories could do the following:Preserve bits of history,Create heroes,Provide a way for soldiers to be remembered after their dutiful deathsFor a culture that did not believe in an afterlife, stories past from generation to generation were the only way to be remembered – to cheat death.“The literature of the Anglo-Saxons was handed down orally by bards aka scops who sang in the mead halls of the lords where warriors gathered to celebrate the day’s events. These scops like the Greek poets before them, remembered their stories by using stock phrases and literary devices. (kennings and alliteration)
9Burden of the bards . . .Bards or scops had a tough job of remembering so many lines.The story of Beowulf, for example, is around 3,200 lines long.Two literary devices that helped the bards remember their lines were kennings and alliteration.
10KenningsKennings are descriptive figures of speech or compound words that take the place of a common noun. In short, they are multiple-word nicknames.They were used as stock phrases to help the bards with the following:Add descriptive detail to the storyBide time while thinking of the next lineFlatter the thanes and soldiers and kingsAs you read “The Battle with Grendel” (p 30-32), find as many kennings for Grendel, the monster, as you can. Write down all the examples that you find.
11Kennings for Grendel “mankind’s enemy” “shepherd of evil” “guardian of crime”“infamous killer”
12Kennings for Grendel continued. . . “Almighty’s enemy”“hell’s captive”“sin-stained demon”“afflictor of men”
13AlliterationAlliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close to one another.Alliteration is an essential feature in Anglo-Saxon poetry. Often, in just one line of Anglo-Saxon poetry, two or three of the stressed syllables alliterate.Look for alliteration in the following lines from Beowulf: the Battle with Grendel’s mother (p.34-35). Write down examples that you find.Alliteration also the bards remember lines.
14“Then he sawThe mighty water witch and swung his sword,His ring-marked blade, (went) straight at her head;The iron sang its fierce song, (and)Sang Beowulf’s strength. . .”
15“Then he sawThe mighty water witch and swung his sword,His ring-marked blade, (went) straight at her head;The iron sang its fierce song, (and)Sang Beowulf’s strength. . .”
16“Then he sawThe mighty water witch and swung his sword,His ring-marked blade, (went) straight at her head;The iron sang its fierce song, (and)Sang Beowulf’s strength. . .”
17AssonanceAssonance = the repetition of similar vowel sounds in words that are close together.Assonant vowels must be followed by different consonants, otherwise the words are rhymes, not assonants.For example, the words face and base rhyme while the words face and fade are assonant.In addition to alliteration there is assonance. While not used as much by the Anglo-Saxons, it is still an affective literary device.
18HyperboleA figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or create a comic effect.Hyperboles are also known as overstatements used to make a point.Examples:“It’s a 150 degrees in the shade!”“Kill yo self!”The tale of Beowulf is full of kennings, alliteration, assonance and hyperboles.
19AnimismBefore the Romans invaded the British isles and introduced Christianity, the religion of the Celts (the creators of the original Beowulf) was a form of animism which comes from the Latin word spirit. Animism is the belief that all natural things have a spirit. “The Celts saw spirits everywhere – in rivers, trees, stones, ponds, fire, and thunder. According to the Celts, these spirits or gods controlled all aspects of nature, and they had to be constantly satisfied. Priests called druids acted as intermediaries between the gods and the people
20. . .Some think that Stonehenge was used by the (Celtic) Druids for religious rights having to do with the lunar and solar cycles” (Holt, Rinehart & Winston 2000).
24Day 1 - Fly overnight to Italy Day 2 - Rome Arrive in RomeDay 3 - Rome Take a guided tour of Vatican City Visit the Sistine Chapel Visit St. Peter’s Basilica Take a guided tour of Rome:Forum Romanum Visit the Colosseum Take a walking tour of Rome:Trevi FountainPantheonDay 4 - Assisi • Florence Travel via Assisi Visit the Basilica of St. Francis Continue on to FlorenceDay 5 - Florence Take a guided tour of Florence:Piazza della SignoriaPonte VecchioChiesa di Santa CroceGates of Paradise Visit the Duomo See a leather-making demonstration Enjoy free time in FlorenceDay 6 - Florence • Night ferry Travel via Pisa See the Leaning Tower of Pisa Visit the Pisa Baptistery Visit the Pisa Cathedral Travel to Livorno Board a night ferry to BarcelonaDay 7 - Barcelona Arrive in BarcelonaDay 8 - Barcelona Take a guided tour of Barcelona Visit Parque Guell Take a walking tour of Barcelona:Las Ramblas Optional: Barcelona Flamenco EveningDay 9 - Depart for home