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Customary Measurement

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The United States uses customary units. Many other countries use the Metric System. Examples of customary units include: inches, feet, yards, miles, cups, pints, quarts, gallons, ounces, pounds, and Fahrenheit temperature

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Tools for Measuring Length We use certain tools for measuring length. Can you think of a tool we use to measure length? rulers, yard sticks, tape measures

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Length We measure length in inches (in.), feet (ft), yards (yd), and miles (mi). Shorter lengths are measured in inches, feet, and yards. 12 inches = 1 foot 3 feet = 1 yard

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Customary Length Longer distances are measured in miles. It is about 1 mile from H.I.S. to Pizza Pro. It takes about 20 minutes to walk one mile. 5,280 feet = 1 mile1,760 yards = 1 mile

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What unit could you use? Would you use inches, feet, yards, or miles?

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Lets Practice!

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How many inches are in a foot? 12

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How many feet are in 1 yard? 3

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How many yards are in 1 mile? 1,760

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How many feet are in 1 mile? 5,280

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If the ceiling in your bedroom is 4 yards high, how many feet is it? 12 feet

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If a turtle travels 10 yards in 1 hour, how many feet can it travel in 1 hour? 30 feet

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Name the four units we use for measuring length. inches, feet, yards, miles

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Name 3 tools we use for measuring length. ruler, yard stick, tape measure

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Choose the best answer for the height of a full grown tree. A.) 3 inches B.) 3 yards C.) 3 miles D.) 30 feet *D

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Choose the best answer for the height of a stop sign. A.) 8 inches B.) 8 yards C.) 8 feet D.) 8 miles *C

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Choose the best answer for the length of a bed. A.) 12 inches B.) 2 feet C.) 3 miles D.) 2 yards *D

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Choose the best answer for the height of a building. A.) less than a yard B.) more than a yard C.) more than a mile D.) less than 8 feet *B

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How long is a football field? A.) 100 yards B.) 100 miles C.) 10 yards D.) 10 inches *A

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How high is a ceiling? A.) 3 feet B.) 3 yards C.) 12 inches D.) 10 yards *B

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Customary Capacity Capacity is used to measure the volume of a container. How much can a container hold? We use fluid ounces (fl oz), cups (c), pints (pt), quarts (qt), and gallons (gal).

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Tools for Measuring Capacity We use certain tools for measuring capacity. Can you think of any tools we use to measure capacity? measuring cups, teaspoon, tablespoon

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Customary Capacity We use fluid ounces to measure very small amounts of liquid. Medicine in a medicine dropper would be measured in ounces. 8 fluid ounces = 1 cup

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Customary Capacity 2 cups = 1 pint 2 pints = 1 quart This is one pint and one quart

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Customary Capacity 4 quarts = 1 gallon

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Customary Capacity If you can draw this picture, you know capacity!

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What unit could you use? Would you use fluid ounces, cups, pints, quarts, or gallons?

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Lets Practice!

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Capacity is used to measure ________. volume

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What is the smallest unit of measurement for capacity? fluid ounce

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What is the largest unit of measurement for capacity? gallon

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There are ____ fluid ounces in 1 cup. 8

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There are _____ cups in 1 pint. 2

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There are ___ pints in 1 quart. 2

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There are ___ quarts in 1 gallon. 4

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What units would you use to measure the amount of water in a large aquarium? gallons

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What units would you use to measure the amount of water in a bathtub? gallons

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What units would you use to measure the amount of medicine in a medicine dropper? fluid ounces

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What units would you use to measure the amount of coffee in a coffee cup? cups

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Can you draw the G picture?

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Customary Weight Weight is the measure of how heavy an object is. We use ounces (oz), pounds (lb), and tons (T). We use scales to measure weight.

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Tools for Measuring Weight Can you think of a tool that we use to measure the weight of an object? scale

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Customary Weight 1 ounce = 16 ounces = 1 pound 2,000 pounds = 1 ton

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What could you use? Would you use ounces, pounds, or tons?

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Lets Practice!

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Give an example of an object that weighs about 1 ounce. strawberry

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Give an example of an object that weighs about 1 pound. pineapple

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Give an example of an object that weighs about one ton. car, small truck

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How many ounces are in 1 pound? 16

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How many pounds are in 1 ton? 2,000

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Customary Temperature We use the Fahrenheit scale to measure temperature. A thermometer is the tool that measures temperature. Water Freezes Room Temperature Water Boils

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Lets Practice!

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What is considered a normal temperature for a human body? 98.6 degrees

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Water freezes at _____ degrees Fahrenheit. 32 degrees

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Room temperature is _____ degrees Fahrenheit. 70 degrees

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Water boils at ____ degrees Fahrenheit. 212 degrees

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What would you wear to school if the temperature was 20 degrees Fahrenheit? Warm clothes – hat, gloves, coat

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This morning the temperature was 30 degrees Fahrenheit. This afternoon the temperature rose to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. By how much did the temperature increase? 5 degrees Fahrenheit

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If a Fahrenheit thermometer shows 95 degrees, how would you describe the temperature? A.) cool B.) cold C.) warm D.) hot * D

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