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**Customary Measurement**

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**Customary Measurement**

The United States uses customary units. Many other countries use the Metric System. Examples of customary units include: inches, feet, yards, miles, cups, pints, quarts, gallons, ounces, pounds, and Fahrenheit temperature

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**Tools for Measuring Length**

We use certain tools for measuring length. Can you think of a tool we use to measure length? rulers, yard sticks, tape measures

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Length We measure length in inches (in.), feet (ft), yards (yd), and miles (mi). Shorter lengths are measured in inches, feet, and yards. 12 inches = 1 foot 3 feet = 1 yard

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**Customary Length Longer distances are measured in miles.**

It is about 1 mile from H.I.S. to Pizza Pro. It takes about 20 minutes to walk one mile. 5,280 feet = 1 mile 1,760 yards = 1 mile

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What unit could you use? Would you use inches, feet, yards, or miles?

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Let’s Practice!

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**How many inches are in a foot?**

12

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**How many feet are in 1 yard?**

3

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**How many yards are in 1 mile?**

1,760

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**How many feet are in 1 mile?**

5,280

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**If the ceiling in your bedroom is 4 yards high, how many feet is it?**

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**If a turtle travels 10 yards in 1 hour, how many feet can it travel in 1 hour?**

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**Name the four units we use for measuring length. **

inches, feet, yards, miles

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**Name 3 tools we use for measuring length. **

ruler, yard stick, tape measure

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**Choose the best answer for the height of a full grown tree.**

A.) 3 inches B.) 3 yards C.) 3 miles D.) 30 feet *D

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**Choose the best answer for the height of a stop sign.**

A.) 8 inches B.) 8 yards C.) 8 feet D.) 8 miles *C

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**Choose the best answer for the length of a bed.**

A.) 12 inches B.) 2 feet C.) 3 miles D.) 2 yards *D

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**Choose the best answer for the height of a building.**

A.) less than a yard B.) more than a yard C.) more than a mile D.) less than 8 feet *B

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**How long is a football field?**

A.) 100 yards B.) 100 miles C.) 10 yards D.) 10 inches *A

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How high is a ceiling? A.) 3 feet B.) 3 yards C.) 12 inches D.) 10 yards *B

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Customary Capacity Capacity is used to measure the volume of a container. How much can a container hold? We use fluid ounces (fl oz), cups (c), pints (pt), quarts (qt), and gallons (gal).

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**Tools for Measuring Capacity**

We use certain tools for measuring capacity. Can you think of any tools we use to measure capacity? measuring cups, teaspoon, tablespoon

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Customary Capacity We use fluid ounces to measure very small amounts of liquid. Medicine in a medicine dropper would be measured in ounces. 8 fluid ounces = 1 cup

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**Customary Capacity 2 cups = 1 pint 2 pints = 1 quart**

This is one pint and one quart

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Customary Capacity 4 quarts = 1 gallon

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**If you can draw this picture, you know capacity!**

Customary Capacity If you can draw this picture, you know capacity!

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What unit could you use? Would you use fluid ounces, cups, pints, quarts, or gallons?

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Let’s Practice!

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**Capacity is used to measure ________.**

volume

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**What is the smallest unit of measurement for capacity?**

fluid ounce

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**What is the largest unit of measurement for capacity?**

gallon

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**There are ____ fluid ounces in 1 cup.**

8

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**There are _____ cups in 1 pint.**

2

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**There are ___ pints in 1 quart.**

2

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**There are ___ quarts in 1 gallon.**

4

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**What units would you use to measure the amount of water in a large aquarium?**

gallons

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**What units would you use to measure the amount of water in a bathtub?**

gallons

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**What units would you use to measure the amount of medicine in a medicine dropper?**

fluid ounces

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**What units would you use to measure the amount of coffee in a coffee cup?**

cups

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**Can you draw the “G” picture?**

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**Customary Weight Weight is the measure of how heavy an object is.**

We use ounces (oz), pounds (lb), and tons (T). We use scales to measure weight.

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**Tools for Measuring Weight**

Can you think of a tool that we use to measure the weight of an object? scale

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Customary Weight 1 ounce = 16 ounces = 1 pound 2,000 pounds = 1 ton

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What could you use? Would you use ounces, pounds, or tons?

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Let’s Practice!

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**Give an example of an object that weighs about 1 ounce.**

strawberry

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**Give an example of an object that weighs about 1 pound.**

pineapple

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**Give an example of an object that weighs about one ton.**

car, small truck

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**How many ounces are in 1 pound?**

16

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**How many pounds are in 1 ton?**

2,000

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**Customary Temperature**

We use the Fahrenheit scale to measure temperature. A thermometer is the tool that measures temperature. Water Boils Room Temperature Water Freezes

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Let’s Practice!

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**What is considered a normal temperature for a human body?**

98.6 degrees

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**Water freezes at _____ degrees Fahrenheit.**

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**Room temperature is _____ degrees Fahrenheit.**

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**Water boils at ____ degrees Fahrenheit.**

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**What would you wear to school if the temperature was 20 degrees Fahrenheit?**

Warm clothes – hat, gloves, coat

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**This morning the temperature was 30 degrees Fahrenheit**

This morning the temperature was 30 degrees Fahrenheit. This afternoon the temperature rose to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. By how much did the temperature increase? 5 degrees Fahrenheit

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**If a Fahrenheit thermometer shows 95 degrees, how would you describe the temperature?**

A.) cool B.) cold C.) warm D.) hot * D

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